Tuesday, July 27, 2021

Gertrude Stein 75 Years -- July 27, 2021


Author Gertrude Stein, who grew up in Oakland but spent most of her life in France, died 75 years ago today, on 27-July-1946. I haven't read any of her books since college. The dog's name was Basket. Man Ray took the photo in 1926.

"You look ridiculous if you dance
You look ridiculous if you don't dance
So you might as well dance."

Monday, July 26, 2021

Dancing Ali Stops Ellis in Twelfth Round -- July 26, 2021

San Bernardino Sun, 27-July-1971

50 years ago today, former heavyweight champ Muhammad Ali met Jimmy Ellis, an old sparring partner who had won the tournament to replace Ali when he was stripped of his title. Ali won.

"Jimmy Ellis is the best boxer in the world beside me."

Dancing Ali Stops Ellis in Twelfth Round


HOUSTON (AP) - Muhammad Ali, the dancy, boxing master of old, unleashed a two-fisted attack in the 12th round and stopped former sparring partner Jimmy Ellis in the Astrodome last night in his first fight since losing a heavy-weight title fight with Joe Frazier.

The end came at 2:12 of the final round with the outgunned Ellis completely helpless from a barrage of lefts and rights that sent him reeling around the ring.

Ellis almost went down twice from Ali's two-fisted attack and was standing along the ropes with his hands at his sides when referee Jay Edson signaled a halt.

It was a brilliant exhibition of jabbing, footwork and precision punching, and Ali's best showing since his return to the ring after a 3 1/2-year exile because of a draft evasion conviction which recently was overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court.

The fight was the first of a planned series of three by Ali, who is gunning for a rematch with Joe Frazier and the heavyweight title he held before being stripped because of his draft troubles.

It was a fairly even fight for the first three rounds with Ellis, the former World Boxing Association champion who was giving away 31 1/2 pounds, forcing the fight and giving as good as he got.

But in the fourth round the 29-year-old Ali, who weighed 220 1/2, the heaviest of his career, shook up Ellis, 189, a couple of times and from there on he was in charge.

Ali was content for most of each round to use his reach advantage and spear Ellis repeatedly with what is one of the best left jabs in boxing.

However, he occasionally shook Ellis with a short right hand counter or right hand off the jab, especially in the 10th when Ellis again was badly hurt.

Ali opened the 12th round as though he would be content to win by a decision. Referee Jay Edson and both judges had Ali ahead after 11 rounds, Edson by a lopsided 110-93 which, under the 10-point must system, meant he gave Ali every round. Judge Earl Keel had it 108-102 and judge Ernie Taylor had it 107-104.

But suddenly, about midway in the last round, Ali hurt Ellis with a short right to the jaw, then drove him back with a left hook to the head that buckled Ellis' knees.

Ali leaped to the attack and began driving Ellis around the ring with straight lefts and short rights that left Ellis helpless.

Edson said he stopped it "because his eyes were bleary. There was no question in my mind he was hurt. Angelo Dundee was ready to come into the ring."

Dundee, who had been in Ali's corner as trainer in all his previous victories and for his loss to Frazier, was in Ellis' corner last night as manager and trainer.

In the fourth round, Ali, who was on his toes for almost the entire bout, staggered Ellis with a short right and then sent Ellis against the ropes with a left-right-left. Ellis escaped but was dazed and punching wildly at the end of the round.

In the 10th, Ali, who showed much more speed and crisper punching than he had his comeback victories over Jerry Quarry and Oscar Bonavena and in his loss to Frazier, almost sent the game Ellis to the sky-blue covered canvass with a left hook and a right high on the head then had Ellis backing groggily around the ring.

Ali continued to bewilder Ellis in the 11th round, but contented himself with jabs and it looked like the 7-2 underdog would last the route before Ali unleashed his deadly attack in the 12th.

A crowd of 31,947 turned out for the fight which also was shown on closed-circuit television in about 200 locations in the United States and in the Vancouver and Toronto areas of Canada, and also was beamed via satellite to 34 other countries. A spokesman for the Astrodome said the live gate was not immediately available but that it "would be close to $300,000."

Ali, scoring his 32nd victory and 26th knockout in 33 pro fights, was guaranteed $450,000 against an option of 45 per cent of all income.

Ellis, losing for the seventh time in 27 pro fights but for only the second time in 17 bouts as a heavyweight, was guaranteed 20 per cent of all income. His other five losses came as a middleweight.

Jean Shepherd 100 -- July 26, 2021


Humorist Jean Shepherd was probably born 100 years ago today, on 26-July-1921. I remember hearing him on National Public Radio. Everyone loves the movie made from A Christmas Story. I am still envious of his voice.

Sunday, July 25, 2021

4 Negroes Slain by Georgia Mob -- July 25, 2021


Wilmington Morning Star, 27-July-1946

The last mass lynching in the United States, so far, took place in Georgia 75 years ago today, on 25-July-1946. A white farmer bailed out a black man, Roger Malcom, a war veteran, who had been accused of stabbing a former boss. As they drove to the farmer's home with the accused's wife, Dorothy and another African-American couple, George W Dorsey and his wife Mae, a mob stopped the car and murdered the Malcoms and the Dorseys with guns. The Moore's Ford Lynchings shocked many people in the United States, including President Harry S Truman. Federal and state investigators were not able to find enough evidence to convict any perpetrators.

60-Shot Broadside Mows
Victims Down 50 Miles
From Atlanta

MONROE Ga., July 25. -- (U.P) -- More than a score of white men, led by a six-foot-three giant wearing a black "Simon Legree" hat, dragged four terrified, pleading negroes from a car on a desolate Georgia road Thursday and lynched them with a 60-shot broadside from rifles, shotguns and pistols.

A horrified witness of the mass lynching was J. Loy Harrison, a prosperous Oconee county farmer. Harrison was driving the Negroes -- two men and their wives -- to his farm after posting $600 bond to release one of them from jail where he was held on charges of stabbing a former white employer.

Would Know Lynchers

Harrison vowed that he would recognize two of the lynches if he ever saw them again -- the strapping leader of the band and an undersized youth in G I clothes who held a shotgun at his head while the Negroes were hustled into the woods and mowed down.

The U. S. Justice department joined the Georgia Bureau of Investigation and Walton County Sheriff E. S. Gordon in an immediate investigation of what Maj. W. E. Spence of the State Bureau of Investigation said was "the worst thing that ever happened in Georgia."

Party Waylaid

The four Negroes and Harrison were waylaid on the approach of a small plank bridge over the Appalachee river dividing Walton and Oconee counties. It was a wild, remote spot where the road was lined with swamp and lush undergrowth, about 10 miles east of Monroe and 50 miles northeast of Atlanta.

Harrison said the leader of the lynching party was a towering figure of a man, weighing at least 220 pounds. He wore a brown suit and a broad-brimmed black hat, long black hair, mottled with gray, jutted out from his hat and he was deeply sunburned. He spoke like an educated man, giving crisp commands to his fellow lynchers and sounded "like a retired doctor or general." the witness said.

New Cat #89 -- July 25, 2021


My daughter took the photo on 08-July-2021.

Saturday, July 24, 2021

Jackie Mason, RIP July 24, 2021


Palm Springs Desert Sun, 28-November-1964

Comedian Jackie Mason has died. He had brilliant timing and delivery. He started out as a rabbi. 

Dr Billy Taylor 100 -- July 24, 2021


Dr Billy Taylor, composer, pianist, activist and educator, was born 100 years ago today, on 24-July-1921. I always enjoyed listening to his programs on National Public Radio. "I Wish I Knew How it Would Feel to be Free" is his best-known composition.

Friday, July 23, 2021

Music Chairman Writes on "Jazz" -- July 23, 2021


Rock Island Argus, 21-July-1921

Music Chairman Writes on "Jazz."

"Dancing to Mozart minuets, Strauss waltzes, and Sousa two steps, would never lead to the corset check room which now holds sway in hotels, clubs and dance halls. Nor would a girl who wore corsets in those days have been dubbed 'Old Ironsides,' and left a disconsolate wall flower In a corner of the ball room," says Mrs. Mark E. Oberndorfer, national music chairman of the General Federation of Music clubs.

The question appears in an article entitled "Does Jazz put the 'Syn' in Syncopation," written by Mrs. Oberndorfer in tbe interest of better music. This article which appears in the August number of the Ladies' Home Journal, points out music, how music may become an influence for evil. It directs particular criticism to jazz, offering evidence that jazz produces a definite demoralizing effect upon the human brain.

Mrs. Oberndorfer continues:
"Jazz originally was the accompaniment to voodoo rites stimulating the half-crazed barbarian to the vilest deeds.

After pointing out the evil created by jazz Mrs. Oberndorfer concludes with a plea for good music because of the helpful inspiration it can and will give. She says "the music department of the General Federation of Music clubs, has taken for its motto: "Make good music popular and popular music good." The article shows how the women of America can help the club women carry out this motto in every home until all the music in our land becomes an influence for good.

Mrs. Oberndorfer feels good music and the cultivation of the tastes of the young people is "A problem for the American parents," and it is their best efforts and hearty cooperation which is urged.

Writing to Mrs. L. M. Ruedy of Davenport, vice president of the Iowa Federation and of Music clubs Mrs. Oberndorfer asks that the interest of local clergymen in urging better music in the homes, and doing away with the insufferable jazz, be taken up. She writes:
"I desire the clergymen all over the country to take the right stand on jazz and to realize what we  women are now doing."

All interested in better music are asked to read Mrs. Oberndorfer's article and to use their influence to do away with the noisy voodoo style of dance tunes pervading dance halls.

Wednesday, July 21, 2021

800 Carloads of Moxie -- July 21, 2021

New Britain Herald, 21-July-1922

I have tried Moxie. It tasted funny, but I liked it.

Monday, July 19, 2021

Coca-Cola -- Great Moments in Baseball -- July 19, 2021

Durant Weekly News, 29-July-1921

You don't see the word "inimitable" in many ads. One of the enthusiastic spectator's suspender buttons is popping off.

Sunday, July 18, 2021

John Glenn 100 -- July 18, 2021


Astronaut John Glenn was born 100 years ago today, on 18-July-1921. He served as a Marine fighter pilot in both World War II and the Korean War.  When NASA looked for the first group of astronauts for the Mercury program, he was almost too old and lacked the required degree in science, but made the cut.  On 20-January-1962, in Friendship 7, he became the first American to make an orbital space flight.

When I was growing up, we heard a lot more about John Glenn than Alan Shepard or Gus Grissom, who flew before him.  We had a Time Life book and record set about the space program and Glenn was heavily featured.

In 1974 he ran for the US Senate as a Democrat and won.  He ran for President in 1984, and got a boost from his portrayal in The Right Stuff.

I remember how excited he was to fly on the Space Shuttle in 1998,.

Saturday, July 17, 2021

Pulp -- The Spider -- July 17, 2021



The Spider was a pulp character who debuted in 1933. Millionaire Richard Wentworth became a masked crimefighter like The Batman, but unlike The Batman, The Spider did not hesitate to kill his opponents. The Spider hates criminals and considers himself a criminal because he murders criminals, so he -- it gets complicated. In his The Spider Returns website (http://www.spiderreturns.com/), Rafael DeSoto says "If I was pitching The Spider franchise in Hollywood I might say: He's a superhero. Trapped in a horror film. Directed by John Woo." The Spider stories had some wonderful titles including The Corpse Cargo, Death's Crimson Juggernaut, The Pain Emperor, Reign of the Death Fiddler, Green Globes of Death, The Cholera King, and Satan's Sightless Legion.

Thursday, July 15, 2021

Linda Ronstadt 75 -- July 15, 2021


Today is Linda Ronstadt's birthday. She was born 75 years ago, on 15-July-1946. Just about everyone I knew had/has a crush on her. Her singing voice was beautiful and strong. I am sorry she can no longer sing. 

Wednesday, July 14, 2021

Bastille Day, 2021 -- July 14, 2021

San Francisco Call, 14-July-1896

Happy Bastille Day, everyone. 125 years ago in San Francisco, the Chutes, an amusement park, and Sutro Baths were celebrating the holiday. The vaudeville bill at the Orpheum Theater included Fred McCart's Dog, Money and Baboon Circus.


"No dictator, no invader, can hold an imprisoned population by force of arms forever. There is no greater power in the universe than the need for freedom. Against that power, governments and tyrants and armies cannot stand."
- J. Michael Straczynski

Tuesday, July 13, 2021

Cheech Marin 75 -- July 13, 2021



Cheech Marin was born 75 years ago, on 13-July-1946. When I was young, we all listened to Cheeck and Chong's albums. We struggled to understand some parts. Many of us could recite "Sister Mary Elephant" from memory. Cheech went on to have a long career as an actor. I thought he was the perfect choice to play Pancho in the television adaption of The Cisco Kid.

Sunday, July 11, 2021

Friday, July 9, 2021

Krazy Kat -- A-Lass It's True -- Ooyoooo -- July 9, 2021

Washington Times, 21-June-1921

I love George Herriman's Krazy Kat. Poor Krazy worries about his weight. Click on the image to see a larger version.

Washington Times, 03-June-1918

Wednesday, July 7, 2021

Four Use Parachutes When Blimp Bursts -- July 7, 2021

Sea Power, February, 1921

100 years ago today, on 06-July-1921, US Navy blimp C-3 caught fire in the air and burned.

Pueblo Chieftan, 08-July-1921


Washington. July 7.—The naval blimp C-3 exploded at the naval air station at Hampton Roads. Va., to-day burning and injuring the four persons who were aboard, according to reports to the navy department. None of the persons aboard the C-3 were seriously injured according to the reports to the department but two were painfully burned. The big gas bag had Just been released for a photographic flight and was rising slowly at about 75 feet when the explosion occurred. Those aboard jumped with parachutes. The blimp was destroyed.

The explosion was caused by the carrying away of the rip panel of the balloon, the vibration setting fire to the craft.

Tuesday, July 6, 2021

Afghan War Over? -- Twenty Years -- July 6, 2021

In the Afghan War, American troops were on the ground longer than they were in the Revolutionary War or Vietnam. President Joe Biden, who had promised to bring all the American soldiers home by September 11, has pulled out most of the soldiers. Others should be out by the end of August. A training cadre will remain.

The US-backed government will probably fall to the Taliban. Our withdrawal speeds the process.

I don't remember where I found the photo of Yoko Ono and John Lennon.

Louis Armstrong, 50 Years -- July 6, 2021

Louis Armstrong, one of the most important figures in American music, died 50 years ago today, on 06-July-1971. I remember.


Monday, July 5, 2021

Toonerville Trolley -- As Far As the Trolley Was Concerned, the 4th Was Celebrated in Grand Style -- July 5, 2021

Perth Amboy Evening News, 05-July-1921

I love Fontaine Fox's The Toonerville Trolley That Meets All the Trains.

Philadelphia Evening Public Ledger, 05-April-1921

Sunday, July 4, 2021

Life Choked Out -- July 4, 2021


Washington Times, 04-July-1896

125 years ago today, on 04-July-1896, a mob of whites in Rockville, Maryland celebrated Independence Day by lynching Sydney Randolph. 

Sydney Randolph Taken From
Jail and Lynched
Jailer Payton Surprised and
Keys Taken From Him.

Shortly After 1 o'clock This Morning
Half a Hundred Masked Men,
by a Ruse, Secured Entrance to the
Jail and Took Randolph In a Buggy
to a Point More Than a Mile Away,
Where He Was Lynched -- The 
Victim Refused to Confess Having 
Committed the Buxton Assault -- The
Maryland Community Is Satisfied
That He Was Guilty -- Inquest by
the Coroner -- Action of Authorities.

(From a staff correspondent.)
Rockville, Md., July 4. -- Sydney Randolph, the negro charged with the brutal assault upon the Buxton family on the 25th of May and which resulted in the death of little Sadie Buxton, was taken from the Rockville jail, where he was confined awaiting the action of the November grand jury, about 2 o'clock this morning, by a mob of half a hundred men, and hanged near Rockville.

He went to his death without saying whether he was guilty or not of the horrible crime, his only utterances being cries of murder, as he was carried away by the resolute body of men from the jail.

The lynching took place on the Frederick road, about a mile and a half east of Rockville. It was 1 o'clock this morning when jailer Charles M. Payton was aroused from his slumbers by a heavy knock at the front door of the jail. Payton slept in the small front room at the left of the hallway. Getting up he went to the door and inquired who was there.

"It is Deputy Sullivan with a prisoner from Brookville," came the answer.

The jailer opened the door slightly and looked out. He saw three men on the five stone steps that lead to the ground. One was colored apparently, and the other two were struggling with him.

It developed afterward that this was but a ruse, and that the supposed negro was a white man with his face blackened.

The rest of the incident is best told in Payton's own words.


"Before I had time to shut the door," said he "the men were joined by others and an instant later the door was pushed in.

"They demanded the keys, and I refused them. With that some of the men pushed me back into the room, and four or five of then held me there. The hall was filled with men.

"All of them were masked with handkerchiefs or rags, and some wore false beards. Again the men that held me demanded the keys to the cells, for they already had the one that opened the grating to the cell room.

"On my second refusal they threw me on the bed and took them from my pocket. There were nine keys on the ring, and I myself would have had to hunt a minute for the right one, but quicker than I can tell it I heard Randolph's cell door open.

"He must have awakened with their first entrance. All I could hear him cry was 'Murder, murder.'

"A dozen rough voices answered him 'Kill him.' Somebody said 'Hit him,' and 'Knock him down' followed, and then somebody in the yard cried 'Gag him,' and this was repeated several times.

"The next thing I knew they were dragging Randolph through the hall past my door. He made no noise, and the lynchers made very little.

"The men left me in the room. I got up and followed them to the door. Four or them were standing at the corner of the house, and every one levelled a revolver at me and told me not to come back. They waited there watching me until the rest of the party dragged Randolph back to the lane past the barn.


"They cut three wires in order to get through into an open field. Then the four guards turned and went down the lane leading toward the town, and I followed shortly to give the alarm.

"As I reached the other end of the lane I noticed a buggy near by. Before I could reach it, however, two of the lynchers, still masked, ran up and drove away. I gave the alarm over at the hotel, and a searching party was formed. I would guess there were at least forty men in the company.

"I did not know one of them. As soon as the desperate men had cut through the wires by the barn they half dragged, half carried the wretch through the high weeds of the field that stretched to the roadway leading west from the village."

The rope was already around Randolph's neck. At the edge of the field an open spring wagon formed one of a procession of wagons and buggies. The negro was thrown rather than dropped in, and with muffled voices the order was given to move on.

Up the hill to the right the procession moved in a quiet, leisurely manner. At the top of the hill another turn to the right was made, and by a circuitous route the wagons finally readied the Frederick road, but a short pace down this road brought them to the corner of Rozier's.

A little chestnut tree, not more than five inches in diameter, stood here.

Randolph was unloaded from the wagon. There were willing hands enough in the party. It could not have been but another moment until he hung high in the air, with his feet full four feet from the ground. The other end of the rope that had been drawn over a limb was tied to the trunk of a neighboring tree.

At this time, or possibly before, one of the lynchers ran up and dealt the hanging man a blow in the back of the head with a pick that was left beside the tree.

As quietly as it had assembled the mob disbanded. As soon as jailer Payton left the jail he notified the men at the village hotel. Ed Peter had seen the party dragging Randolph through the field, and he went down into the village. Payton, Peter, Samuel Riggs, Minor Anderson. John Krelner, Benjamin Riggs and Samuel Sopher formed a searching party.

By this time it was almost 3 o'clock. Payton telegraphed to Sheriff Collier, while the rest continued the search. About 4 o'clock Miner Anderson and Samuel Riggs discovered the body.

It was cold and stiff in death. The eyes were closed, but the tongue protruded far from the lips. Clots of blood covered the back of the head and shoulders and clotted blood surrounded the mouth.

He had died of strangulation. The rope was only a quarter-inch rope, such as is used in the country as a plowline. It was new. The legs were bound together by a piece of tarred twine. The body was permitted to hang until 9 o'clock. Meanwhile, Acting Coroner Justice Charles M, Jones. (sic - JT) After they had looked at the body it was cut down and removed to the undertaking shop of W. R. Pumphrey. Here a throng of people gathered the whole morning through to look at the remains.

No one has been found who heard Randolph utter a word other than the cries of "murder" reported by the jailer. His cell was an 8-by-10-foot room at the northwest corner of the jail.

There were a few signs of a struggle in the room, for the mattresses on the floor were slightly torn and the blanket had been cast into one corner.

The wretch must have had a scratch as he came through the door, for two small spots of blood were found on the floor in the hallway running in front of the cells.

Perry Elcorn was confined in a cell near the one occupied by Randolph. He heard nothing, other than the wretch's cries of murder, and was too badly frightened to come to the door of his cell and see what was going on. There was a new lock on Randolph's cell, and jailer Payton had taken every precaution possible for the preservation of the prisoner.

Randolph was feeling unusually bright yesterday and was out in the jail yard. He received a new pair of shoes and a new brown shirt during the day. The collar of this shirt was found in the jail yard this morning and the rest of his apparel, including the shoes, was on the body when it was discovered hanging from the tree.

It is believed he slept in his clothes.

A coroners jury was summoned this morning. The inquest will be held at the courthouse at 3 o'clock. The jurors will be Benjamin C. Riggs, foreman; Samuel Sopher, George Einerlick, Thomas McCulIough, Thomas W. Stonestreet, Joseph O. Moulden, F. Cushman Braddock, Wallace E. Ricketts, William R. Pumphrey. Lawrence Flack, Samuel A. Matlock, Charles Ogden and (rest of list omitted - JT)

It is generally believed that not one of the lynchers came from this vicinity. The Buxton family were in town yesterday. Mrs. Buxton and Miss Maud remained over night. It was said that Mr. Buxton returned to Gaithersburg, but several persons allege that they saw him on the streets with John Hilton, his brother-in- law, at 11 o clock in the evening.

There is a possibility of some startling developments at the coroner's inquest. Mr. Jones said he could not tell what the witnesses will swear to on the stand, but he knows some that feel sure they identified some of the lynchers.

There will be twelve or fifteen witnesses, he said, but he refused to give the names of the most important ones.

The claim was made that the entire party came from the neighborhood of Gaithersburg and the little village of Darnestown. Why they should be drawn from the latter place is only explainable by the fact that there was a similar crime to the one of which Randolph was accused committed there a few years ago.

An even more startling statement than any yet published was one made to a Times reporter late this afternoon. Randolph is said to have made a confession the other day, in which he said he did not commit the crime, but he knew who did. This was believed by many of the citizens of Rockville, though evidently not by the lynchers.

It is claimed that the latter were told yesterday that Randolph was making an attempt to assault Miss Maude Buxton when the other members of the family were awakened on the fatal May morning.

Like Murderer Ford, It was claimed, he sought to shield his fiendish crime by murder. The instant this became known, the spark of revenge that lay smouldering In the bosoms of the sturdy countrymen was rekindled, and they hastily banded together to take the law into their own hands. Everything connected with the lynching showed that it was well planDed and carried out.


The lynching this morning seems to have caused little excitement as yet. Everybody believed him guilty or the horrible crime, which guilty, or not guilty, he has paid the penalty of.

It is being discussed in a quiet way, as though beyond a doubt the right man had been hanged and in a manner suitable to the crime.

It is stated that when Randolph was asked if he had anything to say not a word could be drawn from him. Many efforts were made to make him confess, but to no avail.

Knowing their victim had breathed his last, and apparently satisfied that the right man had been hung, the lynching party, which, it is understood, was composed of the best citizens of the community, who were perfectly sober and orderly, then quietly dispersed, believing they had executed the perpetrator of the most atrocious crime ever committed in this county.

The leaders are not known and the affair was kept so secret that none save the participants knew of it until after it was all over.


The Buxton family, consisting of Mr. and Mrs. Button and their two daughters. Sadie and Maude, were awakened early in the morning of May 25 by an intruder, who first struck the children, sleeping in a room adjoining that of Mr. and Mrs. Buxton. The groans of the injured girls awoke Mr. Buxton. He started to get up but was struck down. Mrs. Buxton screamed, called to her husband, and was herself felled by an ax.

Little Sadie, one of the victims, died at the Garfield Hospital here, never having recovered consciousness. Mr. and Miss Buxton and their elder daughter recovered, after staying at the hospital several weeks. The elder daughter was taken to her home only yesterday.

Suspicion of the crime was directed to Randolph, who was found, the day of the tragedy, near Gaithersburg, unable properly to account for himself. He had been a companion of a negro named Neale, just released from a term in the penitentiary.

Neale's conviction was secured chiefly through the testimony of Mr. Buxton. At the time of his conviction Neale threatened to kill Buxton after serving his term. Randolph was supposed to have served Neale in the execution of that threat.

Randolph was not caught in any conflicting statements, nor did he once appear to bear any ill-will toward the Buxtons in his statements.

The night, when the verdict was rendered there were strong threats of lynching, but the crowd was dissuaded from its evident purpose by appeals from the mayor of Gaithersburg.

Happy Independence Day 2021-- July 4, 2021



Happy Fourth of July to all. 245 years ago, we declared our independence. 

The original Life Magazine was a humorous weekly that was published from 1883 to 1936. Here is the Fourth of July Number, dated 05-July-1906. A giant flying firework chases a young Uncle Sam.

Saturday, July 3, 2021

Jim Morrison, 50 Years -- July 3, 2021


Singer, poet and songwriter Jim Morrison died 50 years ago today, on 03-July-1971.  I remember hearing The Doors on the radio and being impressed by his voice.  I don't remember being impressed by his lyrics, but they were catchy. I liked Ray Manzarek because he wore glasses and played keyboards. He died in 1971, around the time that Jimi Hendrix and Janis Joplin also died.


Friday, July 2, 2021

American Champion Knocks George Carpentier Out With Right Hook -- July 2, 2021


Rock Island Argus, 02-July-1921

One hundred years ago today, on 02-July-1921, heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey defended his title against French war hero Georges Carpentier. Dempsey was accused of being a slacker because he did not serve. Boyle's Thirty Acres was an arena built for this fight. It was used for other fights until it was torn down in 1927.

Frenchman Loses "Battle
of Century" to Yankee Bulldog.

(United Press Staff Correspondent)

Ringside, Jersey City, July 2. -- Jack Dempsey proved himself the greatest fighting machine in the world this afternoon when he knocked out Georges Carpentier, the idol of France, in the fourth round.

Two vicious rights to the jaw ended the Frenchman and brought the fight to a dramatic climax when it looked it might go many more rounds.

After one minute of the fourth round Dempsey crashed his right to Carpentier's jaw and the Frenchman went down in a heap near his own corner. He took the count of nine, with the slanty-eyed Descamps looking at him from his corner in absolute terror. Dempsey stood three paces away from the prostrate Frenchman, poised with his right hand ready to finish the fight . Carpentier arose with an effort He had hardly straightened himself when Dempsey with his jaws gritted together, his bearded face bristling with a look of savage ferocity, crashed his right again to the jaw after one minute and 16 seconds. The Frenchman fell to the floor with a thud that rocked the ring. He was obviously out The count was unnecessary.

Dempsey stood over him again, apparently unwilling to be fooled by a gong like he was in Toledo two years ago. He seemed to snap out of deep thought when Kearns, his hair standing on end like waves, rushed to him and threw arms around him.

Jack Picks Up Georges.

Kearns tried to get the champion back to his corner but Jack pushed him aside, leaned over and picked up Carpentier, holding him in his arms until the frantic Descamps climbed through the ropes and dragged the Frenchman to his corner. Carpentier was out for fully three minutes. Even when he left the ring nearly 10 minutes later, he could not hold himself erect. He smiled when Dempsey approached him and shook hands with his left glove on the Frenchman's shoulder.

"Carpentier is a fine boy and gave me a tough fight. I am going as soon as I can," Dempsey said to the press bureau.

Dempsey won the fight with his terrific body punches. He found in the first round that he could take the vaunted right hand punch of the Frenchman, and he waded in, fighting a typical Dempsey fight, pounding the Frenchman's head. Dempsey's punches were quite obviously wearing down the Frenchman. In his corner after the first round Carpentier recovered and came back in the second to fight a running battle. In the middle of the second round be got a staggering right flush to the champion's jaw. It rocked the champion up against the ropes and the crowd yelled like maniacs when he followed his advantages with rights and lefts to the Jaw. The Frenchman perhaps lost the fight at this point. It was plain to see that he lost heart when he found himself lacking the punch to put the champion out when be was going.

Carp Tries Running Fight.

In the third round Carpentier continued his running fight. He feinted twice, dancing and running away from Dempsey to the ropes. The third time Dempsey showed his speed and cracked Carpentier with a terrible left as he tried to get away. Carpentier was missing with his right. He was taking a desperate chance to win with one blow. Dempsey with ever so slight a motion of his head would turn to the right and left and the blows of the Frenchman slid off the champion's wet head. Carpentier landed two rights flush to Dempsey's jaw, and the champion laughed. Dempsey retaliated with another cruel body punch. The Frenchman looked at the French section of the press box and smiled feebly. He was bleeding from the eyes, his mouth was open and the blood was running from his cut lips. His left eye was closing rapidly. It was strikingly apparent then that he could not last much longer. Starting the fourth round Jack Kearns yelled from Dempsey's corner, "Go after him now, boy; you've got him."

Both Are Cheered.

Dempsey, wide open, sneering at the Frenchman, did go into him, and knocked him out.

Dempsey was given a tremendous ovation. The hostility of the public toward him on account of his war record was expected to bring him perhaps the jeers and boos that he got when he beat Bill Brennan last winter.

Carpentier also got a great reception. He surely was a good loser. He smiled wanly at the crowd and walked rather dejectedly from the ring. The vast crowd of more than 90,000 lingered in the seats despite threatening rain clouds, to see Bill Miske and Jack Renault, the Canadian sparring partner of Dempsey, go through the semi-final.

Carpentier entered the arena at 2 o'clock. He went immediately to his dressing room.

Carpentier's arrival was unnoticed by all save nine of the ninety-one thousand odd spectators. They raised a cheer but the midget demonstration soon was over.

The challenger looked as dapper as ever. He was wearing a gray suit with a cap to match.

The challenger lost his way on reaching Boyle's Thirty Acres. He stood outside puzzled as to which way to take. Two guides went out and piloted them in. Francois Deschamps, the Frenchman's manager, entered the arena chattering to himself, with Parisian abandon, and gesticulating as he marched to the dressing room a few feet ahead of the challenger.

Jack Dempsey left for the arena from the home of William C. Heppenheimer, bank president and millionaire sportsman, where he spent the night, at 2:35 o'clock this afternoon.

Champion Cheered.

Dempsey was given a rousing cheer by a crowd of several thousand persons as he emerged from the house.

Escorted by Chief of Police Bentley. the champion entered an automobile and preceded by a squad of motorcycle policemen, he was driven to the arena through a lane of cheering admirers. Dempsey smiled and waved his hand in friendly greetings to the crowd.

Enters Arena Unseen.

The champion entered one of the Tremont entrances of the arena, virtually unobserved at 2:40 p. m. A large crowd that had gathered on Montgomery street expecting him to enter the saucer on that side, was disappointed.

Dempsey reached the arena at 2:50.

At 2:55 p. m. it was announced that the final preliminary was eliminated.

At 2:57 Carpentier came into the ring and two minutes later Dempsey came in. Carpentier wore a long gray bathrobe over his fighting trunks. Dempsey came into the ring in his white silk fighting trunks and a maroon sweater coat. He greeted the French challenger with a friendly "Hello, Georges," when he shook hands in the center of the ring. Joe Benjamin, Hayes, Jack Kearns, Mike Traut and Bernard Dempsey, the champion's brother, were in Dempsey's corner with Manager Kearns in charge.

Descamps, Journee and Eddie Ledoux were in charge of the Carpentier corner. Manager Descamps went to Dempsey's corner and demanded the right to examine the hand bandages. He excitedly pushed Dempsey's seconds away and watched carefully as the tape was wound around Dempsey's wrists. Mayor Hague of Jersey City and officials of the Jersey boxing commission were introduced from the center of the ring. While this was going on, Carpentier kept constantly looking at one of two airplanes soaring overhead. Governor Edwards of New Jersey was called into the ring and introduced. Bill Brennan was introduced and challenged the winner. There was a delay of a few minutes while Dempsey's hands were being bandaged in the presence of Descamps, Carpentier's manager.

With this over, a new pair of eight-ounce gloves were tied on Dempsey's hands by Manager Kearns.

Descamps laced the gloves on Carpentier. The weights were officially announced as follows:
Carpentier, 172 pounds; Dempsey 188.

This was two pounds lighter than the figure Dempsey hoped to be when he got into the ring. Promoter Tex Rickard crawled into the ring and warmly shook hands with both fighters. Harry Ertle, the referee was attired in white flannels, white canvas shoes and a white shirt with a soft collar. He nervously paced the center of the ring while the gloves were being tied on.

Ringside, Jersey City. N. J., July 2. -- (By the Associated Press.) -- The carnival of blows, for which tens of thousands massed today about a little 18-foot ring in Jersey City, opened at 12:10 with preliminary bouts that served as cocktails for the feast the battle between Jack Dempsey of America and Georges Carpentier of France, for the heavyweight boxing title of the world.

The first bout was between Mickey Delmont and Jack Curtin.

In accordance with the New Jersey boxing law, no decision was rendered by the referee at the end of the first preliminary between Johnny Curtin and Mickey Delmont, featherweights, but Curtin was generally conceded to have outpointed Delmont.

Crowd is Quiet.

The crowd was extraordinarily quiet for a fight Crowd. During the first bout there was hardly a sound but the clang of the gong and the thud of blows.

There was a sigh of relief as the bout ended. The crowd arose and stretched after its first taster.

The second bout, between Packy O'Gatty and Frankey Burns, bantamweights, followed immediately. Between rounds there encircled the ring a plump lad of some one hundred pounds, with the benign features of a cherub in white ducks. He bore aloft a sign proclaiming the round.

Sprinkle at 1:13.

The crowd still was apathetic munching its lunch as the preliminaries wended their weary way through the program.

At 1:15 it began to sprinkle. The rail bird with nothing but the wide, wide world behind him was the only man who dared raise an umbrella.

In a few minutes the sprinkle ended. Women in sport clothes some of them wearing flowers sighed with relief. Close around the ring were several girls apparently about 18, whose interest then turned from their summer frocks back to ring events. Most of the time these 20th century maidens sat with their eyes glued on the squared circle. It was evidently their first fight.

Announcement was made at 1:30 that the house was sold out meaning that the 91,600 seats were occupied.

Just before the third preliminary bout started Governor Edwards entered the arena. "Hail the chief," cried the announcer through the amplifier, and the crowd "hailed," showing its first enthusiasm of the day.

Frankey Burns had an advantage on points in the second eight-round preliminary. The third preliminary brought together Joe Metranga of New Orleans and "Babe" Herman of California. They are featherweights. That patch of blue sky always consigned to the tailors for a pair of sailor's pants appeared at 1:30.

The referee stopped the Herman-Metranga bout in the fifth round when Metranga was hanging helplessly on the ropes.

The fourth bout was between Dick Griffin, Fort Worth, Texas, and Benny Coster, New York, bantamweights. As the afternoon began to get a life-sized start, the mercury stretched a bit when the human heat of 91,600 packed into the arena added its calories to that of the sun, thoroughly veiled by clouds.

About 2 o'clock the crowd began shedding its coats and it soon became a shirt-sleeve party.


ROUND ONE -- They were sent away at 3:18 p.m. Carpentier landed a light left and clinched. Carpentier landed a right. They fought at close range in a clinch. Dempsey led a short left to the head. Carpentier missed a right but connected with a left hook. Dempsey punished him, beating him unmercifully. Carpentier was groggy and bleeding at the nose. Dempsey missed a right swing but beat Carpentier as they clinched. Carpentier fell through the ropes trying to avoid a punch. He flew into Dempsey when he crawled back into the ring.

ROUND TWO -- Carpentier. backed away and Dempsey poked him with a right to the jaw. Dempsey followed after him, beating him around the head with rights. Carpentier was short with the left hook. But he staggered the champion with six rights and lefts to the jaw. Dempsey staggered back a bit and split the Frenchman's left eye with a hook. The cut was under the eye. Carpentier missed a right swing. Dempsey missed a right swing. They exchanged body punches in the clinch as the bell rang.

ROUND THREE -- Carpentier ducked a left hook. Dempsey backed into the ropes and hit him with a short right. Carpentier landed two upper cuts to the body in a clinch. As they clinched Dempsey punished the invader in the body, Carpentier nearly falling down when he missed a right swing. They missed lefts to the head and Dempsey punished Carpentier viciously in the infighting. Dempsey landed a left and right to the head without a return. They exchanged left hooks to the chin. Carpentier's right swing was short and Dempsey clubbed him on the jaw with left hooks in the clinch. Dempsey battered Carpentier into a corner with rights and lefts at the bell. The bell saved Carpentier from a knockout. Dempsey's round.

ROUND FOUR -- Dempsey rushed Carpentier to the ropes and a left to the body made him wince. Carpentier landed a right to the head and tried to hang on. Dempsey crashed a right to Carpentier's jaw, flooring him. Carpentier took the count of nine and arose. Dempsey crashed his right to Carpentier's jaw again, knocking him out. Carpentier was out for three minutes. The knockout came 1 minute and 16 seconds after the round started.

(By United Press.)

Dempsey rolled out of a luxurious bed in the mansion of General Heipenheimer, Jersey City. Took a walk, bathed in a marble bathroom and breakfasted in an oriental room with dim light coming through stained glass windows.

Carpentier climbed out at 6:30 a. m. at his farm house near Manhasset, took a cold shower and dressed in a hickory shirt and old gray pants. After breakfast at 7 a. m. he went for a long walk.


Jack Johnson vs. Jim Jeffries, Reno, July 4, 1910. -- Fifteenth round. Johnson dashed at Jeffries like a tiger with a rain of rights and lefts. Jeffries went down for the first time in his ring career. He fell under the top rope over the lower one and onto the overhang of the platform. He was up at the count of nine, helpless. A short left to Jeff's chin and he went down again. As the referee counted seven, one of his seconds put his foot into the ring and Referee Rickard proclaimed the black man champion.

Jess Willard vs. Jack Jonnson, Havana. April 5, 1915. -- Twenty- sixth round -- Willard met Johnson as the latter was coming from his corner and set a long left to the negro's face making his head bob. Willard smashed a right to the stomach and Johnson clinched. Referee Welsh broke them and Willard rushed Johnson into a corner. Willard feinted for the body. Johnson dropped his guard and Willard swung to the exact point of the jaw. The negro's knees folded up and he sank slowly to the floor, Welsh began to count the negro champion out.

Jack Dempsev vs. Jess Willard. July 4. 1919 -- Willard staggered to the center of the ring apparently dazed. Dempsey smashed at the champion with right and left, Willard scarcely making any effort to return. As the bell rang, be reeled back under a straight right to the jaw. He never came back for the fourth.


Paris, July 2. -- (United Press.) -- The air raid sirens of Paris, silent since the last time boche aviators bombed the city, will shriek the news of Carpentier's or Dempsey's victory tonight.

Two millions of Paris gathered in restaurants, theatres, clubs, sidewalks, cafes and in thousands of homes, will begin listening for the siren at 8 p. m. (3 p. m. Jersey City time.)

When the whistling begins if it stops at three blasts the heart of Paris will drop to the depths of despair. But if the tooting goes on, announcing a Carpentier victory the lid will fly sky-high.


Arena. Jersey City, N. J., July 2 -- The betting odds apparently should have been about 94 to 6 on Dempsey.

The bleacherites and gallery gods among the fight fans have always been noted for their keenness and knowledge of the game.

Of the 100 bleacherites in line to-day, polled by the United Press, all but six picked the champion to win.


Kansas City, Mo., July 2. -- (United Press.) -- Jack Johnson, negro, former heavyweight champion, cannot stage a fight here when he is released from federal prison July 9, Prosecuting Attorney Orr declared today.

Orr served notice on two promoters who said they represented Johnson, that the black would be arrested if an attempt to stage a bout was made.


New York. July 2. -- "Babe" Ruth cracked out two home runs today, bringing his total up to 30 for the season. The first was clouted in the seventh inning of the first game with Boston, the other was made in the first inning of the second game.

Rock Island Argus, 02-July-1921

Thursday, July 1, 2021

July, 2021 Version of the Cable Car Home Page -- July 1, 2021


Engineering, October 23, 1896

The Cable Car Home Page will be 25 years old in November.

I just put the July, 2021 version of my Cable Car Home Page on the server:

It includes some new items:
1. Picture of the Month: "DIAGRAM OF GRADIENTS OF THE DOUGLAS CABLE TRAMWAY", from "The Douglas Cable Tramway", an October 23, 1896 Engineering article.
2. On the Cable Trams in the UK page: Updated article on the Isle of Man's Upper Douglas Cable Tramway, including an 1896 Engineering article, "The Douglas Cable Tramway"
3. On the Cable Trams in the UK page: Links to current videos about Dunedin, New Zealand's Mornington Tramway and the Wellington Cable Car. Thank you to Bus Driver Nick for sharing his work.
4. Added News and Chronology items about the planned return of the cable cars, the unearthing of long-buried cable car tracks at California and Van Ness, a History Happy Hour with the San Francisco Cable Car Museum, and more about the pandemic and California opening up
5. Updated some pages with information about reopenings: San Francisco Municipal Railway, Kansas City Streetcar, Angels Flight, Great Orme Tramway and two Cliff Lifts

Ten years ago this month (July, 2011):
1. The picture of the month: Upper Douglas Cable Tramway car descending Prospect Hill on the Isle of Man. (Source: Railway World, October 1896).
2. On the Cable Car Lines in the UK page: Updated article on the Isle of Man's Upper Douglas Cable Tramway, including an 1896 Railway World article, Cable Traction in the Isle of Man
3. On Walter Rice's page about Glen Hurlburt's "Cable Car Concerto," a 1947 composition that represents a ride on the Mason Street line, added an image of the label
4. Added information about Muni fare changes.
5. Added News and Bibliography items about more shutdowns, the return of the California Street line, a fare increase and labor issues

Twenty years ago this quarter (Spring, 2001):
1. Picture of the Quarter: Will Clark riding on cable car
2. Add more items to the Kitsch page, including stamps and magazine advertisements.
3. Add Selected articles from Manufacturer and Builder Magazine (1880-1884) to the Miscellany page.
4. Update How Do Cable Cars Work? page. Changed images to thumbnails. Added girder rail image from Randy Hees and other new images.
5. Bob Murphy provided a photograph of the Gertrude Street Cable Winding House, which I added to the Melbourne article. Peter Vawser provided additional information about Melbourne cable tramways.
6. Add links to Kavanaugh Transit site, North American Vintage Trolley Systems and many others.
7. Add News and Bibliography items about a truck knocking down Seattle's Iron Pergola.
8. Add News and Bibliography items about Angel's Flight runaway accident. Also updated the Los Angeles Area Funiculars page.
9. Move Kalakala article to my ferry web site.
10. Change toy cable car picture on the main page to car 51.
11. Move "The Los Angeles Cable Railway" article from Scientific American (courtesy of Tom Ehrenreich) to another server.

Coming in August, 2021: On the Cable Car Lines in the UK page: Another article about the Isle of Man's Upper Douglas Cable Tramway.

The Cable Car Home Page now has a Facebook page:

Joe Thompson
The Cable Car Home Page (updated 01-July-2021)
San Francisco Bay Ferryboats (updated 31-January-2020)
Park Trains and Tourist Trains (updated 31-July-2019)
The Pneumatic Rolling-Sphere Carrier Delusion (updated spasmodically)
The Big V Riot Squad (new blog)