Monday, July 31, 2023

COVID-19, Vaccine, Masks, Church, Baseball and School -- July 31, 2023

The Giants had a ten-game win streak and then fell apart after the All Star break. 

Reports say that COVID-19 is on the rise again in hospitals and senior housing. 

I have been preparing for the new school year. 

Much of the nation is suffering under enormous heat. 

Ukraine's offensive seems to be going slowly. Russia damaged the Orthodox cathedral in Odesa.

Sunday, July 30, 2023

The Duncan Sisters -- July 30, 2023

San Francisco Examiner, 01-August-1923

Rosetta and Vivian Duncan were experienced vaudeville performers. In 1923 they started to tour in a musical comedy, Topsy and Eva, based on the characters from Uncle Tom's Cabin. Rosetta played Topsy in blackface. Vivian, playing Eva, served as the straight person. In 1927, they starred in a movie adaption. Please excuse the racism.

Friday, July 28, 2023

Why Not Drive a Winner? -- July 28, 2023

San Francisco Examiner, 01-July-1923

Harry C Stutz left the Stutz Motor Company in 1919 and started the H. C. S. Motor Car Company. HCS built automobiles with many modern features. The unstable business climate of the 1920s caused the company to go out of business in 1926. 

Thursday, July 27, 2023

Never a Penrod Like Ben Alexander! -- July 27, 2023

Motion Picture News, 07-July-1923

Indiana author Booth Tarkington was very 100 years ago, but I don't think people read his stories and novels much today.  When I was a kid, the only thing I knew about him was that he wrote the novel that Orson Welles used as the basis for The Magnificent Ambersons.  I was already in college when I learned that F Scott Fitzgerald was a great admirer of Tarkington.  Inspired by this, I went to the Anza Branch Library and took out Penrod: His Complete Story, a collection of stories about a boy who grows up.

In 1922, a movie based on Penrod, starring Wesley Barry and directed by Mickey Neilan, was a hit.

In 1923, First National released a sequel, Penrod and Sam, starring Ben Alexander. William Beaudine directed again. This would be the first of three adaptions. William Beaudine also directed the 1931 version. 

Motion Picture News, 28-July-1923

In 1908, Booth Tarkington and Harry Leon Wilson wrote a play called Cameo Kirby. It was filmed in 1914, and then John Ford directed a remake in 1923, starring John Gilbert. In 1930, it was remade as a talkie musical starring some guy I have never heard of. 

Wednesday, July 26, 2023

To Give Radio Talks on Pictures -- Juy 26, 2023

Motion Picture News, 07-July-1923

Radio was a new medium in 1923. Station WOR, Newark was about one year old. Alfred J McCosker is cited as being "of The New York Morning Telegraph," but at some point he was president of WOR. McCosker was going to do a series of talks called "Current Moving Pictures" which would consist of "films news and reviews."

Motion Picture News, 07-July-1923


Washington Evening Star, 09-July-1923


Monday, July 24, 2023

Sonoma Mission Inn -- July 24, 2023

At a school auction we won a two-night stay at the Sonoma Mission Inn. It was a nice place to visit, but to visit it we had to make our way through miserable traffic caused by a man threatening to jump from the Richmond/San Rafael Bridge. The eastbound lanes were closed from about noon on Friday to 7:00 am on Saturday. Traffic on the Black Point Cutoff was virtually stopped. We went up to 116 and found that traffic very slow.

We had to take the cat because we had no one to feed her. I think she was traumatized by the three-hour trip. She spent some time inside a pillow and then his under the bed until about 1:30 am, when she came out and jumped on the bed. 

Saturday, we had a nice ride on the Napa Valley Wine Train. All the people on our car were getting off at Grgich for a winery tour. We had the salad and entree on the northbound train. The tour was educational, and we got to taste a bottle of wine that sells for $220. We had desert on the southbound train. 

The cat was happy because the drive back on Sunday took a little over an hour. 

Black Cat Magazine July 1898 -- July 24, 2023

The Black Cat Magazine was launched in Boston in 1895. It published short stories and was known for printing stories by new writers. 125 years ago, the July, 1898 issue had five short stories by five authors of whom I have not heard: Sewell Ford, Clarence Malke, Edmund Stuart Roche, Ward P Winchell, USN and W Macpherson Willbank and Sewell Ford. 

I like their cover art. 

Sunday, July 23, 2023

Captain Eddie Rickenbacker 50 Years -- July 23, 2023

San Francisco Examiner, 29-March-1923

Captain Eddie Rickenbacker died 50 years ago today, on 23-July-1973. He was America's highest scoring ace during World War One, Commander of the 94th Aero Squadron, drove in the first Indianapolis 500 and performed great services for his country during World War II. I remember when he died.,

Saturday, July 22, 2023

Coulter -- United States Revenue Cutter Wolcott -- July 22, 2023

San Francisco Call, 29-May-1895

William A Coulter did many maritime drawings for the San Francisco Call. This one shows the revenue cutter USRC Oliver Wolcott, which was built by San Francisco's Risdon Iron Works in 1873. The Revenue Cutter Service was a predecessor of the US Coast Guard. Wolcott served mostly in the Pacific Northwest.

The Revenue Cutter Oliver
Wolcott Arrives From
San Diego.

The revenue cutter Oliver Wolcott, Captain Philips, arrived yesterday from San Diego. The steamer is the lone revenue vessel on the coast, the rest of the fleet having gone to Bering Sea.

Friday, July 21, 2023

Tony Bennett, RIP -- July 21, 2023

Tony Bennett has died. My condolences to his family and his friends. Here is a sheet music cover for "I Left My Heart in San Francisco" by George Cory and Douglass Cross. At one time I was very tired of this song, but I've always loved Tony Bennet.

Albert Bierstadt -- A Western Landscape -- July 21, 2023

Spencer Museum of Art

Albert Bierstadt probably painted "A Western Landscape" sometime in the 1860's. I would like to know where he painted this. It is in the collection of the Spencer Museum of Art in Lawrence, United States.

Thursday, July 20, 2023

Kodak -- And Afterwards You Have It All in the Album -- July 20, 2023

Photoplay, July, 1923

George Eastman's Kodak cameras allowed many people to take up photography. I remember going on vacation and having to watch how much film I was using. Digital cameras have made that part better.

Wednesday, July 19, 2023

Giant Navy Airship ZR-1 Will Carry Radio to Pole -- July 19, 2023

Boston Globe, 22-July-1923

The USS Shenandoah (ZR-1) was the first Zeppelin-type airship to fly using helium instead of hydrogen. The proposed arctic expedition was cancelled when the ship was damaged by a storm. Shenandoah broke up and crashed in 1925. 


Naval Aviators Will Rely Upon Radio Compasses to Guide Huge Craft to Her
Goal at the Top of the World Late This Summer

When the great naval airship ZR-1 goes to the North Pole, she will carry radio to the top of the world, whether it is late this Summer or next Spring. If she reaches that northern pinnacle, and experts insist there is no reason to doubt her ability, the naval airship will be able to prove the fact by virtue of her bearing from northern radio stations. In these days of scientific achievement, proof is required, and in the event an Arctic explorer gets to the Pole with a radio compass or a transmitting set, there can be no doubt of his exact position.

Together with a complete radio receiving and transmitting set, the ZR-1 is equipped with the latest type of radio compass, which at the Pole would show radio stations picked up as bearing directly south, while at all radio stations within communication distance, her position would be due north.

Radio Never Before at Pole

As radio never before has been carried to the pole the question has arisen as to whether this modern agent of communication will be able to penetrate the aurora of the North and bear messages back to civilization. In this connection Weather Bureau officials point out that messages from Amundsen's Maude have been received by relay and that a daily message on meteorological conditions is received regularly during the Winter months from Spitzbergen, located at latitude 78 North. If it is possible to put radio messages through from the far North, the world will hear of the ZR-1's progress and her arrival over the northernmost point on earth.

Crew of ZR-1 "Rarin'" to Go

While Read Admital Moffett, chief of the Naval Bureau of Aeronautics, and the crew of the ZR-1 believe the trip is feasible and are literally "rarin' to go," the date of departure depends upon her flight trials scheduled in August. Since the trip would require only a few days, it is possible that it can be made before the long Winter of the North sets in, with its low visibility and extreme cold, but if tests and and flights are delayed until September the exploration cruise may have to postponed until next Spring.

No details as to route have been mapped out. Two courses are being considered, however, one directly north from Lakehurst, N J, her home station, and the other northwesterly to Alaska, using Nome as an advance base. From Nome, the course due north would be 1766 statue miles, a little over a good day's run. The British R-34 crossed the Atlantic and returned to England in 1919, traversing a distance of over 7000 miles in a week's time, and in 1917 a German Zeppelin made a cruise of 5500 miles in four days. The cruising radius or the naval craft is between 4000 and 5000 miles, so the distance of the Polar trip is not considered extreme for this 680-foot craft.

Capt Baldwin Explains Advantages of Summer Flight

Meteorologists and Capt Evelyn B. Baldwin, an Arctic explorer, pint out that while surface winds from the far north blow in a southwesterly direction, at higher levels the warmer currents bear toward the north and would aid a polar flight. Capt Baldwin, who suggested an aerial polar flight years ago, recently talked to the ZR-1 crew on polar exploration, answering innumerable questions. Among other things, he explained the advantages of a Summer flight, as against one undertaken in darkness and cold. A Winter trip, however, radio experts point out, would aid radio transmission materially. But with her radio operating from a 300-foot antenna at a great height, it is felt that the aerial cruiser would be able to send satisfactorily in the Arctic day as well as in the night. According to Ralph Upson's report to the General Electric Company, in using radio from his balloon at an altitude of over 3000 feet he encountered no static whatever during the recent balloon race.

Radio Compass Will Guide Ship

Radio stations in the north are fairly numerous, and it is believed that the ZR-1, once on her trip, could keep in communication with several to check her course. In the event she was uncertain of her position, she would either call two or more radio compass stations and ask for her position, or, having picked up two or more radio stations and observing their bearings by her radio compass, plot her own position. In this manner she could hardly go wrong and could correct her course readily, provided her radio continued to operate successfully.

Incidentally, she could not "fake" her position at the pole, as the world would soon be advised by radio stations that her reported position was incorrect. Capt Baldwin points out that in the far North the compass is sluggish and that data for its correction are meager. It is his belief that the only accurate method of proceeding in the polar trips today is with the aid of radio and radio compasses.

Among the stations to which the ZR-1 could report are three in Iceland: Spitzbergen, on the 78th parallel; Ingoy 71 N.; several in Northern Russia; our own army and naval stations in Alaska; Jan Mayen Station on Iceland and Mijbugland. Certainly these are sufficient to get cross bearings and correct the course northward. If the stations are equipped with compasses, all the better; but as the ship will have a radio compass, the reception of their signal is all the navigation officer will require.

Radio Equipment of ZR-1

The ZR-1 is equipped with a type S. E. 1390 transmitter, designed for flying boats like the N. C. 4 which made the record trip across to England. It has modifications, making it gas-proof.

The transmitter uses six 50-watt tubes giving it an input of 300 watts and an average output of 150 watts for wave lengths of 507, 600, 600 and 75 meters on I. C. W. and C. W. communication. It is possible to use this set for radio telephone work, but it is not contemplated on the early flights.

The whole set has been tested on the bench with a phantom type antenna having the same characteristics as a trailing wire antenna 300-foot long, i.e., fundamental wave length of 315 meters; 300 microfarads capactity; and 93 microhenries inductance, the resistance ranging through the wave lengths from 9 to 13 ohms, giving a radiation of five amperes.

Elaborate Radio Receiver Carried

The airship's receiving apparatus will consist of a turner of the ordinary two-circuit type, in conjunction with a six-step amplifier using six S.E. 1444 tubes, three stages radion, a detector and two stages of audiio amplification. The long-range receiver will be one of the new design, having a range up to 30,000 meters using as an amplifier. Auniversal amplifier of six steps with telephone jacks for using either radio-audio or audio alone in one or two steps will be employed.

The radio compass probably will be installed in the keel, just forward of the control car and may be used for taking bearings on wave lengths from 500 to 30,000 meters. This compass coil is rather unique in that it is of spherical shape and has two sets of coils. In the long-wave reception all the windings are used but in the short-wave reception it is divided into two coils, and advantage is taken of the variometer effect.

Airship's Radio Call if ZR-1
The airship's name will constitute her radio call, just as the ZR-2 before her destruction answered to "ZR-2." Lieut J.H. Gowan, U.S.N., will be in charge of radio, assisted by Chief Radioman J.T. Robertson. The electric power will be supplied by a gasoline-engine driven generator and 200-ampere hour storage battery, similar in operation to the to the electric plant of an automobile. These units will supply current for lighting as well as radio purposes. The batter itself will have sufficient capactiry to provide between one and two hours' operation for the radio set in case of a generator break down.

Tuesday, July 18, 2023

Ford Weekly Purchase Plan -- July 18, 2023

Franklin, Pennsylvania News-Herald, 28-July-1923

I was sitting out front watching my neighbors drive by in their electric vehicles. I heard the noises EVs are required to make when running below a certain speed. I would love it if Model T Ford was one of the sound choices.

People who wanted to buy a Model T Ford could enroll in the Ford Weekly Purchase Plan for $5. Their weekly payments would be deposited in a local bank at interest. I would like a runabout. 

Monday, July 17, 2023

Whistle Orange Soda -- July 17, 2023

The Vess Company produced Whistle Soda. "'SOME' drink!"

Washington Evening Star, 30-July-1947

Meanwhile Anheuser-Busch kept busy during Prohibition making ginger ale. 

Washington Evening Star, 30-July-1947

A detail from the ad above. "Anheuser-Busch/Ginger Ale/Makes an Excellent Horse's Neck." If you're not familiar with a Horse's Neck, look it up. 

Sunday, July 16, 2023

Coca-Cola -- Enjoy Thirst -- July 16, 2023

Chicago Tribune, 27-July-1923

I don't usually enjoy thirst, but I am enjoying an ice-cold Coke Zero while I write this. 

Saturday, July 15, 2023

Remember the 1898 State Fair at Sacramento -- July 15, 2023

San Francisco Call, 01-September-1898

An ad for the 1898 California State Fair. 125 years later, the Fair started yesterday, 14-July-2023. The Fair used to be held later in the year. I love the lettering. 

Anchor Brewing Company RIP -- July 15, 2023

The Anchor Brewing Company has announced that it is going out of business. I don't drink much beer, but I enjoy Anchor Steam and their Christmas Ale. Steam beer has an historical connection with San Francisco and California. People are rushing to buy all the Anchor products that they can find.m

Friday, July 14, 2023

Ferry Building 125 -- July 14, 2023

Yesterday San Francisco's Ferry Building began celebrating its 125th anniversary. I took the photo in 2015 when the clock tower was decorated to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition. 

Engineer Howard C Holmes designed the Powell Street cable car lines and later became Chief Engineer of the State Board of Harbor Commissioners. He built the Ferry Building and many of the piers in San Francisco. I took this photo in 2013.

Bastille Day, 2023 -- July 14, 2023

San Francisco Call, 12-July-1898

Happy Bastille Day, everyone. 125 years ago in San Francisco, the Chutes, an amusement park, was celebrating the holiday with a benefit for the Red Cross Society. Swiss Henri Maurice Cannon. "The Fattest of the Fat," claimed to weigh 613 pounds. 

A 2023 celebration in San Francisco. 

Thursday, July 13, 2023

Protagonists of National Anti-Lynching Law Rally Again as Mob Crimes Continue -- July 13, 2023

Chicago Tribune, 09-July-1923

Missouri Representative Leonidas C Dyer first introduced his anti-lynching bill in 1918. In most cases, it passed in the House, but got filibustered by southerners in the Senate, who supported what we now call domestic terrorism. 


By NEA Service

Washington, July 9 -- Proponents of the much-filibustered Dyer anti-lynching bill are renewing their efforts to inscribe it on the federal statute books as reports of mob killings trickle in from all over the country.

Failure of Congress to enact the measure at the last session is regarded by supporters of the Dyer proposal as a partial condonement of mob rule.

Plans to shove the bill through the next session are being formulated now. Leaders declare the fight will be waged with renewed vigor when the speaker’s gavel falls on the House rostrum when the lawmakers return to their tasks.

Mob Still Busy

During the first three months of this year, four men were lynched by unidentified mobs, official statistics reveal. Three were negroes. One was white.

Thirteen persons -- six whites and seven negroes -- were killed in riots.

Nineteen, including two white women, were flogged publicly. Four were victims of masked mobs.

In 1922, 57 persons were stolen out of their jail cells and summarily executed by gangs of infuriated citizens who took the law into their hands.

South Shakes Off Yoke

Judge Lynch, cold unreasoning advocate of old Virginia, had come back to the bench.

But observers believe mob violence is on the wane in the south. The number of lynchings in Dixieland have decreased somewhat in recent years.

This is due, according to those who have studied the situation, to two things:

Migration of thousands of negroes to the north.

And a reaction from the agitation for a federal anti-lynching bill, such as that introduced by Representative L. C. Dyer of St. Louis.

Women Take Up Cudgel

Women in Louisiana have banded together to blot out lynchings. They’ve organized the Louisiana Race Relations Committee. Similar steps are being taken by their sisters in other southern states.

The American Civil Liberties Union of New York, together with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, has been working tirelessly in behalf of the Dyer measure. So is the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute of Tuskegee, Ala.

The latter institution has compiled figures showing Texas, in 1922, led all other states in the number of lynchings within its borders. It had 18 victims.

Official Report

Reports of the Civil Liberties Union list these lynchings for 1923:
LOUSIANA. Leslie Leggett, a negro accused of associating with white women, was kidnapped and lynched at Sheroveport on Jan. 4. Police had been unable to obtain evidence warranting his arrest.
ARKANSAS: E. C. Gregor, a railroad striker, was lynched on Jan. 13 by a mob of farmers at Harrison, who visited his home in search of evidence in connection with destruction of property of the Missouri & North Arkansas railroad.
TEXAS: Dr. John Smith, a negro physician, was burned to death at Bishop after his hands and feet had been cut off by unknown persons. He had been arrested for injuring a woman while driving his automobile.

Appeal to Religion

GEORGIA: An unidentified negro was lynched in a swamp near Devereux on Feb. 3 by a posse which accused him with robbing stores and killing William Renfroe, county constable.

Meanwhile clergymen and social workers are appealing to religious instincts to stop these wholesale murders.

"Let the law take its course," they advise. "Our courts are for the protection of man’s rights. And they will see that justice is meted out. The guilty will be punished and the innocent will go free.

"Judge Lynch is no longer the prototype of Twentieth Century Justice."

Chicago Tribune, 09-July-1923

Wednesday, July 12, 2023

Friends of Yours in Yellowstone Park -- July 12, 2023

Saint Paul Appeal, 21-July-1923

The Northern Pacific Railroad advertised its access to Yellowstone National Park, I like the bears. 

The Northern Pacific is now part of the BNSF Railway.

Tuesday, July 11, 2023

2023 All Star Game -- July 11, 2023

The National League won the All Star Game for the first time since 2012. The score in Seattle was 3-2. The two Giants on the team, Alex Cobb and Camilo Duval each pitched a scoreless innning. 

Cub's Park -- In All the World No Park Like This -- July 11, 2023

Chicago Tribune, 27-July-1923

Cub's Park is now called Wrigley Field. The Cubs and the Giants still meet there. 

Monday, July 10, 2023

Pancake Expert and Her Jazz Band Lead Acts at State-Lake -- July 10, 2023

Chicago Tribune, 23-July-1923

I wonder if "Aunt Jemima" was an African-American or an actor/actress in blackface. Quaker Oats hired women to impersonate Aunt Jemima, but I don't know if they had someone at that time. 

Chicago Tribune, 11-July-1923

The strong bill at the Palace this week included Fannie Brice, "World's Greatest Singing Comedienne." Aunt Jemima appeared with "Her Syncopated Bakers." Great name. 

Sunday, July 9, 2023

Live Alligator in Santa Monica -- July 9, 2023

Los Angeles Herald, 08-July-1898

Summer in Southern California. I first noticed this because the Southern Pacific offered to take people to see the "Live Alligator in Santa Monica." "Now is the time that the fish bite."

The Los Angeles Terminal Railway was a short line between Altadena and Pasadena. The line was abandoned in 1921.

I have never been to Catalina. 

At Mountain Junction in Altadena, the Mount Lowe Railroad connected with the Los Angeles Terminal Railway. The Mount Lowe Excursion included a ride to Rubio Canyon at the foot of Echo Mountain. Passengers transferred to the great incline, which climbed 3,000 feet to the summit. At the summit, they could ride a narrow gauge scenic electric railway and see some spectacular sights. The Mount Lowe Railroad was eventually taken over by the Pacific Electric Railway. 

The Wilshire Ostrich Farm was a popular destination. 

Saturday, July 8, 2023

Cable Car Sesquicentennial Carpentry Shop Tour -- July 7, 2023

Yesterday my wife was kind enough to accompany me to the Cable Car Cable Car Carpentry Shop Tour. I am very lucky.  The tours are in honor of the Cable Car Sesquicentennial. This is the first time the public has been allowed into the shop. Rick Laubscher of the Market Street Railway said that all the free tours for the rest of the year are booked solid. 

The tour was led by the chief carpenter, whose name I did not get (Andrew McCarron -- Thank you to Matthew Lee, Jeremy Whiteman and Norbert Feyling). We started with car 18, a Carter Brothers car that was rebuilt in 1961. Muni crews started to rebuild it at the barn, but found it needed more work than the crew at the barn could handle. Here he stands in front of Cal Cable car 60, one of the three small cars from the Jones Street shuttle. The Market Street Railway repatriated it from Healdsburg where it had been saved in good condition. The paint and the gold leaf trim are original. The front dash leans next to him. 

It was a great tour. 

End of "Soapy" Smith, Bad Man -- July 8, 2023

San Francisco Call, 24-July-1898

Soapy Smith was a con man, a thief and a killer. 125 years ago today, on 08-July-1898, he met his well-earned end in Skagway, Alaska Territory. The town's name was often spelled "Skaguay." 



SKAGUAY, July 9. -- The five thousand people of this place were yesterday thrown into the greatest excitement by one of the most terrible outbreaks of lawlessness in the history of the Coast.

For some time past the notorious lawless adventurer, Soapy Smith, of Alaska fame, with a band of twenty heelers, rounders and cappers, have been running the shell and other and other sure thing games, and robbing the Klondikers on the trail to the Lakes. Of late they have been holding the high hand in Skaguay and terrorizing everybody.

Soapy Smith's methods were many. Among his recent operations was to have cabins fixed up for his business at different locations around town. Regular business signs over the doors deceived strangers, for members of his gang stood over all these traps.

On the arrival of the passenger vessels Soapy would detail his men at the wharf to hoodwink strangers and bring them to these dens. Some of the places would ostensibly, be information bureaus; others were conducted as pack train offices; and others as cut-rate ticket offices for Dawson.

The office for the pack train service was the most successful, as most every one coming here has more or less packing to do. Soapy's rates for work were always a little better than those in the actual business houses.

After getting a victim's promise to carry an outfit, Soapy would ask for a deposit; just a guarantee, as he said that the freight would not be given to anyone else. When the victim would take out his wallet to make the payment some member of the gang would grab the sack from his hand. Then some one else In the gang would pretend to get indignant and swear he would not stand by and see a man robbed in that way. The whole gang would then make a rush for the thief. In the scuffle some one would knock down the victim. By the time he was straightened up the gang would be gone.

These robberies were openly practiced by day as well as by night. The gang was bold and indifferent to all law and order, and did pretty much as they pleased.

To-day the first lot of miners came in from Dawson City on their way to their homes, with their winter's clean up of gold dust. So much dust in transit about town was too good a thing for Soapy's gang to let pass. So one of his men was detailed to cultivate the friendship of some of the returned Klondikers. This fellow readily made the acquaintance of one J. D. Stewart and induced him to exhibit his gold dust to the gang. They had cajoled him into believing that their sole desire in life was to see the appearance of real Klondike gold dust; they, said they wanted to see if it differed in appearance from the dust of other mining localities.

Stewart unwittingly went to the merchant's safe, where he had deposited his clean-up on arriving in town, and returned with the bag, containing $3,000.

The gang circled around him asking questions. Suddenly one fellow from behind reached over and grabbed the sack; another struck him a blow for trying to rob Stewart, and knocked him out of the door. The gang then began fighting among themselves, and in the scrimmage one of them made away with the sack.

This deed brought the Skaguay citizens to a realization of their position and duty in the protection of life and property.

The merchants at once called a meeting to organize a vigilance committee to order Soapy Smith and all such characters out of town.

The City Marshal is said to have stood in on the "divvy" with the gang, and would not interfere or serve papers for their arrest.

While this mass meeting of law abiding citizens was in progress, Smith got word of it. Winchester rifle in hand, and with his followers, which he called "The Skaguay Militia." at his heels, he marched down the street to the place of meeting. Soapy was swearing as he went along that he would scatter that crowd, and teach them not to Interfere in his business.

Hundreds of the terror stricken people rushed to their homes to arm themselves.

The first man Soapy met at the door of the meeting was Mr. Reid, City Surveyor. Soapy struck him over the head with his rifle and then fired at him.

Reid fell to the ground wounded. He wrenched his pistol from his belt and fired two shots at Smith, Both bullets took effect and he died instantly.

Reid was dangerously wounded.

Inside of ten minutes all the lights in town were turned out. Everybody thought it was going to be a fight to a finish. The law abiding people grabbed their guns and gathered in the middle of the street. They appointed a new City Marshal. Then in squads and with guns cocked they encircled the town to round up the outlaws.

An armed committee of twenty-five citizens commenced their work on the inside to take the balance of the criminals dead or alive.

When Soapy 's gang saw the determination of the people they quit, and all were captured but one. He was the thief who stole Stewart's gold dust. A special squad was detailed to root him out of his hiding place. He will have hard work to escape.

The gang has promised to tell where he is and to give up the dust providing the committee will not hang him.

The law and order party feels highly elated over the success of its night's work. Assurances of protection have been made to the miners and traveling public.

Soapy Smith, the dead leader of this terrorizing gang, was born at Camilla, Georgia, 48 years ago. He has a brother in Washington, D. C.

J. P. COX.

SKAGUAY, July 21. -- The citizens' committee has held daily sessions since the killing of "Soapy" Smith, and up to the time the Farallon left had succeeded in ridding Skaguay of nearly all of its objectionable characters. A number of suspects are still in charge of the committee. United States Deputy Marshal Taylor has been charged with neglect of duty and attempting to extort money, and is under $5000 bonds to appear before the Grand Jury in Sitka next November. Nine others have also been committed and taken to Sitka on the steamer.

Captain Yeatman of the United States army, with a detachment of soldiers, is in Skaguay and was contemplating putting the town under military rule, fearing that summary punishment would be administered, but finally accepted the assurance of the committee that all persons in their charge would be given an impartial hearing. The town still remains in the control of the citizens' committee.

After the burial of "Soapy" Smith the committee took charge of his premises and effects and a search of the former resulted in the finding of the sack of dust stolen from Stewart. The sack was found in a trunk in a building at the rear of Smith's saloon. Nearly all of the $2775 stolen was recovered. It was rumored that other evidence of foul play and robbery were found but the committee will not make anything public until it has finished its work.

When the Farallon left everything was quiet. Saloons were closed day and night. The committee has been petitioned by saloon keepers to reopen and were willing to give a guarantee that their houses would be kept in first-class order, but their request has not yet been granted.

As to the antecedents of Soapy Smith, upon whose grave the earth of Skaguay's cemetery is yet fresh, little is generally known, and that little is not important. He first reached fame while operating in Denver, where he combined with rare skill the vocations of thief, gambler and politician. From the last he derived the pull whereby he was enabled safely to pursue the others.

At one time he was a power in the Colorado city, and no crime in which he engaged could keep him in jail for more than a few moments. He would be arrested at midnight for a serious offense, and after an early breakfast be on the street as gay as a lark superintending a primary with a view to purifying municipal government chatting with policemen, his air being that of condescension, or showing a visitor from the country the inutility of guessing which walnut shell had a pea under it. Nothing could embarrass him. His quality of cheek Has never been equaled, and this same quality on occasions became a reckless courage. His death at Skaguay was a fitting end, but tardy, very tardy.

To be truthful it becomes necessary to dispel one illusion concerning Smith. He was not an educated man. On the contrary, he was ignorant. Far from being a master of French and Spanish, he never more than half conquered plain English. He was a plausible talker, as many learned by an experience which cost them all the coin they had available when his dulcet tones wooed them to his den, but his grammar was hardly up to the gambling room average. However, had he possessed a moral nature which would have kept his talents from going awry he might have been a leader of men, for wherever he happened to be there gathered about him ruffians and scoundrels who looked upon him as master and faithfully brought to him the spoil of their raids on the unwary. For these scurvy chaps he was always ready to fight with pistols or to put up bail. For in his peculiar way Soapy was always true to his friends. His selection of friends was bad.

There is not a trick known to confidence men in which Soapy was not expert. He had practiced them all, had won thousands, and, unless he acquired new habits in Alaska, frittered it all away. His delight in spending money was as great as his joy in stealing it to expend. Not only was he generous, but having won a large stake he invariably made straight for a faro game and, as he expressed it, blew it all in. Sometimes he was lucky, and then he would say gleefully: "Boys, I win a thousand last night off old Bell. Have a drink with me." What was not exhausted in treating the crowd, in loans to others who hadn't "win out," was sure get in Ball's sooner or later.

In his earlier Denver days Soapy was not flush. When he did not have the means to play bank he would buy a bar of laundry soap, borrow a few twenty dollar bills and proceed to recoup. It was by this he got the name which has out-lasted him. He would cut the soap into miniature squares, wrap the pieces in tissue paper, and standing on the street corner display the lot In an open satchel held on a tripod. The public would be invited to purchase "Dental soap, the finest preparation for the teeth ever compounded; good also to soften the skin, polish the nails and warranted not to harm a child." Three pieces of this invaluable adjunct to the toilet could be had for half a dollar. Soapy's keen gray eyes would scan the throng for a buyer.

At first there would be no response. Then he would take from his pocket one of the borrowed twenties, unwrap a piece of the soap, enclose it in the money, rewrap It and throw it Into the satchel. Sometimes he would repeat this several times, at last inviting the spectators to pick out the pieces they thought contained the bills. Of course there was no difficulty in doing this. Then cupidity would be aroused, and at the point where buyers were tumbling over each other to get to the satchel, the trick came in.

It's an old trick, but nobody ever did it so well as Soapy. The packages which should have had the money simply didn't have it. Nobody ever captured a single piece of money, and yet the crowd would not stop trying as long as the soap lasted. By this time Soapy would have enough to keep him amused at faro for a night.

But this scheme seemed to him petty. and as a rule he held himself above it. He much preferred quicker returns. It was more to his taste to work a rustic for a purse of money. He started a gambling rooms with every robbing device known to the craft. The games appeared as fair as any other games, but they were all crooked. Nobody had a chance of winning, for cards were stacked and the most ingenious devices used for skinning patrons. If any visitor showed a disinclination to play he was sold a gold mine which never existed, induced to invent in fictitious stock. As a last resort he was quietly "touched" and thrown without unnecessary violence into the street.

But one day Denver had a spasm of virtue, and concluding that Soapy had flourished too long began to insist that the police drive him away. He went to a suburb, but the city extended so as to embrace the suburb, and Soapy had to look for other fields. He found one, and is buried in it.

Once the Smith gang got hold of a miner who had boasted of being able to write an acceptable check for $5000, They ascertained that the boast was well founded, and they kept hold of the miner. When they had him workably drunk they accused him of lying, declaring a disbelief In the allegation that he had a cent on deposit. The miner becoming indignant offered to bet that his word and his paper were good. So a wager was made and the stakes together with a check for $5000 placed in the safe. The miner kept on drinking until he had reached the stage of being paralyzed, when he was tucked in bed. The sun was high in the heavens before he awoke, but it hadn't been very high before Soapy or some of his pals were at the bank. The first check presented was the one for $5000 and it was promptly cashed. When the miner awoke he was indignant, but he gained nothing by this beyond a compromise. Soapy and the gang divided the booty.

But this man Soapy was known to be generous. He would give money to a beggar and delighted to shower it upon friends. One time he met a newspaper man on th« streets of Denver. The journalist in his pursuit of his calling had frequent occasion to call the confidence man a thief, but Soapy viewed this in a strictly professional light and never manifested the slightest hard feeling.

"Hello, Dick." he remarked. "Come in and have a hat with me."

They happened to have met in front of a hat and furnishing store.

"You don't owe me any hats." Dick responded, but Soapy insisted. The hat was purchased, and then Smith remarked that the reporter was wearing a rather shabby overcoat. As before, he was insistent, and Dick asked an explanation.

"lts just this way," said Soapy. "I win out a couple of hundred selling soap. It's in my clothes right now. I'm on my way to Cliff Bell's to play bank and tryin' to spend It before I get there, for that old son-of-a-gun will get every cent I don't manage to drop between here and his ______ game."

Soapy's personality was not attractive. He was hardly up to medium size, dressed carelessly, spoke quietly. It was only when there was a victim in sight that he became interesting. He had a keen but wandering eye. He was continually on the lookout lest one of his numerous dupes might be inclined to take a shot at him. But he had all the honor of the gambler, a strange quality hard to define. A thief by instinct and training, his I O U was good for its face. If he borrowed $100, raying he would pay it at 11 o'clock next day, at the hour he would be at the appointed spot with the money, even if he had to rob somebody to obtain it. In fact, from the time Soapy reached the years of manhood there is no probability that he ever earned honestly so much as a cent.

Pictures of Smith show that at the time of his death he wore a beard. When the star banko artist of Denver he had only a mustache, and the face revealed had every appearance of frankness. This first impression was heightened by the smoothness of his tongue. Nobody ever accused Soapy of being a coward. He had shot and been shot at many times before a bullet reached the proper spot. He did not hesitate to face heavy odds, and with unruffled mien. he took a gambler's chances. Anybody who had known him could easily imagine him as riding against the throng gathered to rebuke him and his kind, and if he knew the shots he himself fired had touched the mark, no doubt he felt a gleam of joy just as he passed over.

Then he went to Alaska, and from the moment of his arrival there his record was one of crime and violence. He even went so far as to organize his chosen thugs into a military company and offer their services to the country. The Government thanked him, but did not accept, and the company stayed in the far north to plunder until the leader was killed and the subordinates scattered before the wrath of the populace.

It will be long before the world shall see another like Soapy, one so unscrupulous, so brazen, so despicable, yet brave and loyal to his "friends." H. J.

Friday, July 7, 2023

Hawaii to Come into the Union -- July 7, 2023

San Francisco Call, 07-July-1898


Senate Votes to Take the
Hawaiian Islands Into
the Union.

Conditions Under Which the New
Territory Will Be Governed by
the United States.

Call Office. Riggs House,
Washington, July 6.

Debate in the Senate terminated suddenly to-day, and the Newlands resolution annexing the Hawaiian Islands was passed by a vote of 42 to 21. All the Pacific Coast Senators, except White, voted "aye." Early this morning there was no indication of a dissolution, but soon after the Senate met White, Pettigrew, Jones and Allen held a conference and decided that it was useless to prolong the discussion, inasmuch as no other Senators had expressed a desire to speak.

White, Jones, Pettigrew and Allen had treated the project exhaustively, and as no other Senators cared to talk concluded they would allow the vote to be taken at once, as they did not care to be put in the attitude of filibusters. So Senator White himself made the motion with the result stated. After the vote was announced Senator Davis, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, telephoned the news to President McKinley and received the latter's congratulations. The resolution will be signed by the President immediately after its engrossment.

It is said that there will be no formal ceremony in taking possession of the islands, bat it is desired that a warship may be assigned to convey the President's proclamation to the islands, and that the Philadelphia may also carry a commission to Dole as Governor. It is quite generally believed that Dole will be appointed. Indeed, this is said to be a part of an agreement already entered into.

The annexation resolution provides that our public land laws shall not apply to Hawaii, but Congress shall enact special laws for their management and disposition, the proceeds to be used for educational purposes, for the benefit oi the inhabitants. The President is empowered to appoint civil, judicial and military officers to act until Congress shall make provision for Hawaii's government. All existing treaties with foreign nations shall cease forthwith and be replaced by such treaties as may exist or such as may be hereafter concluded by the United States and foreign nations.

The existing customs laws and regulations between Hawaii and the United States and other countries shall remain in force until Congress makes other provisions. The public debt of Hawaii is assumed by the United States Government, but the liability shall not exceed four million dollars. The existing Hawaiian Government shall continue to pay the interest on this debt as long as said Government continues.

There shall be no further immigration of Chinese into the Hawaiian Islands, except under conditions imposed by United States laws, and no Chinese shall be allowed to enter the United States from the islands.

The President shall appoint five commissioners, at least two of whom shall be residents of the islands, who shall, as soon as practicable, recommend to Congress legislation for Hawaii's government, and $100,000 is appropriated to carry the resolution into effect.

San Francisco Call, 07-July-1898

Thursday, July 6, 2023

Comic Book -- Baseball Thrills -- July 6, 2023

This 1951 edition of Baseball Thrills was allegedly edited by Cleveland Indians pitching star Bob Feller. One story talks about Bobby Thomson's "shot heard round the world," which sank the Dodgers in a special playoff with the Giants. The other talks about Joe DiMaggio's retirement. 

Tuesday, July 4, 2023

Dempsey vs Gibbons 100 Years -- July 4, 2023

Bismarck Tribune, 05-July-1923

100 years ago today, on 04-July-1923, heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey met challenger Tommy Gibbons in a Montana oil town named Selby. Selby officials made a huge guarantee to the champ and built an arena. Almost everyone expected Dempsey to KO Gibbons about mid-way through the 15 rounds. Just before the fight, a huge number of people without tickets crashed through the fence and watched the fight for free. Gibbons suprised everyone by lasting 15 rounds. Dempsey won the decision. The town of Selby lost a pile of money and Dempsey received only a fraction of his guarantee. Selby currently has a population of about 600.



St. Paul Boy Is Receiver of
Congratulations; Wants
A Return Match

Shelby, Mont., July 5. -- Its frenzy of excitement subsiding Shelby sat down today to count its losses.

On the debit side of the ledger this little Montana cow town which had its day yesterday as the fight center of the world, must write down a deficit of approximately $100,000.

It bought the world’s heavyweight championship battle to which 7,2000 persons paid admission. There was an outlay ot $210,000 for the title holder, $20,000 for promotion and $85,000 for the arena.

With the exception of salvage on the huge amphitheater, estimated to be about $25,000, approximately $261,185 in gate receipts from which taxes of $22,118.50 must he deducted, according to figures made public here by Charles Rasmusson, Montana collector of internal revenue, the investment was a dead loss.

Emotionally, for Shelby, the fight was an outstanding success. The town wanted Gibbons to stay with the champion 15 rounds. They saw him do it.

Crash in Arena

Several thousand a few minutes before too fight started "crashed through" the fence surrounding the arena and swelled the attendance at the bout to a total estimated at 25,000. But their presence did not show in the gate receipts.

The earnings of the champion for the light were cut to less than $62,000, Jack Kearns, his manager, collected only $52,000 of the third S100,000 guaranteed his protege after the gate receipts had been turned over to him. Out of this amount he paid for two preliminary bouts at a cost of about S100 and footed a federal tax bill on $75,000 worth of tickets. The discrepancy between the ticket sale total and the amount he received was due to the fact that Kearns sold about 2,320 of the S2O tickets for $lO shortly before the bout, as a crowd of several thousand, apparently adverse to paying regular prices, surged against the gate barriers and the fence surrounding the arena.

Gibbons Congratulated

Tom Gibbons, defeated, but winner of a moral victory nevertheless in Ino eyes of Shelby which celebrated hilariously last night, will return to St. Paul, his home, with his wife and three small children tonight or early tomorrow. He was given a mighty ovation by the townspeople. As he left the ring a war cap of Indian feathers was pushed on his head and his seconds fought desperately to keep down the shouting, congratulating fans as he was rushed to his quarters. His wife, awaiting his coming, greeted him with a kiss when he returned home. Last night he celebrated Independence Day by shooting off fire crackers for the edification of his boys and greeting scores of friends who called to congratulate him on his showing against the champion.

Gibbons offered no alibi for his defeat hut declared he desired a return match.

GETS DECISION Challenger Tommy Gibbons
Puts Up Good fight for
Fifteen Round Bout.


SHELBY, Mont., July 5. -- Gibbons said: "We want a return fight with Dempsey. This fight gave me an insight into his fighting and I know what I can do against him if I fight Dempsey again. I will fight him differently."

Dempsey said: ‘In a way I am disappointed with the result; I think I won clearly enough to dispel any doubt on the decision. I felt sure when I entered the ring I could knock Gibbons out. While I am disappointed I want to express my admiration for Gibbons and the bout he put up."


RINGSIDE, Shelby. July 5. -- Jack Dempsey, world's heavyweight champion, was awarded the decision at the end of the fifteen round bout yesterday afternoon, over Tommy Gibbons, in one of the most surprising and upsetting heavyweight matches in years.

Gibbons was on his feet, apparently very tired and holding on desperately, when the fifteen round battle ended.

The result was distinctly a surprise as Dempsey was an overwhelming favorite, in the meagre betting, to win by a knockout, within six or seven rounds.

The game Gibbons astonished his most ardent admirers by carrying the fight to the end, hitting Dempsey in some rounds and out boxing him in spots.

Dempsey outslugged Gibbons and landed the hardest punches.

The newspaper experts at the ringside gave Gibbons a shade in rounds 5, 11 and 12 while Dempsey was out in front in the remaining 12 rounds.

Referee Dougherty did not hesitate a minute before raising Dempsey’s right hand, claiming him a winner.

The result was a surprise to Jack Kearns.

Despite police protection the crowd quickly swarmed into the ring pounding Gibbons on the back and throwing their hats into the air. Gibbons smiled broadly at the friendly demonstratlon while the champion had his gloves removed.

Gibbon’s weight was 175 1/2 pounds,

Dempsey's weight was 188 pounds.

They entered the ring at 3:30 o'clock., Rocky Mountain time.


Dempsey entered the ring at 3:30 o'clock and was given an uproariouis reception. Jack Kearns was in charge of Dempsey's corner. Mlke Grant shielded the champion with an umbrella while the camera men began making pictures.

Gibbons entered the ring five minutes later and was accorded a more deafening reception than the champion. Gibbons walked over to Dempsey's corner and shook hands whlle the gloves were being adjusted.

Referee Dougherty stood in a neutral corner.

The fighters shook hands and clinched after Dempsey hooked a left to body. Dempsey landed three lefts to body and right to head. Dempsey shot straight lefts to Gibbons’ face and backed away, Dempsey swung left to jaw forcing Gibbons' retreat Gibbons hooked light left to head and repeated. Dempsey hammered Gibbons about body with short rlghts and lefts. In clinch Gibbons’ mouth was bleeding. Gibbons hooked left to jaw and shot over a right. In clinch Dempsey jogged Gibbons with a right uppercut. Referee broke them and Dempsey missed right to head.

ROUND TWO -- Gibbons was short with left and they clinched. On the breakaway Dempsey tried left to head. Gibbons clinched. Dempsey pounded Gibbons back of head nailed him with left and right on breakaway. Gibbons held Dempsey’s arms in clinch to protect body. Gibbons hooked left to chin, cutting Dempsey's right eye. Dempsey brought right to Gibbons’ stomach. Gibbons missed a right. Gibbons hooked solid left to head. Dempsey retaliated with the same punch. Gibbons dodged to left then clinched, then bell rang.

ROUND THREE -- Dempsey drove right and left to body. Gibbons clinched. Dempsey repeated, then hooked Gibbons with left forcing him into a clinch. Gibbons feinted, then backed away. Dempsey short with left but connected with right. Gibbons landed two lefts and swung right to jaw. Dempsey short with left. Dempsey laced right and left to body. Gibbons pounded Dempsey's stomach. Dempsey swung hard right to Gibbons’ stomach then landed another in the same spot. Gibbons swung right to jaw as the bell rang.

ROUND FOUR -- Dempsey hooked left to stomach. Gibbons clinched. Dempsey punched him around head with rights and lefts. Gibbons hacked into a corner; they clinched; Dempspy hurt Gibbons with body punches. Dempsey kept pounding Gibbons in the back of head in the clinches. Dempsey took left hook back of ear; Dempsey shot right into body. Gibbons took hook on forehead and clinched. Dempsey landed solid left. Gibbons booked left to jaw and right to head. Dempsey hurt him severely with short body punches. Dempsey bleeding from old wound over the left eye.

Crowd Cheers Gibbons

ROUND FIVE -- Dempsey missed a left to the body as they fell into a clinch. Gibbons poked two lefts to the head. Dempsey missed a left and Tom clinched. Gibbons hooked two lefts to the head and the crowd cheered. Gibbons landed a third left without a return. Dempsey rocked the challenger with a right hand to the head and nailed him with a solid right to the jaw forcing him to clinch, Gibbons danced awav forcing Dempsey to follow him. Tom poked a left to Dempsey’s face. Dempsey landed a right to the body and Gibbons a left to the eye. Dempsey shot a left to the head and Gibbons did the same thing. Gibbons hooked a left to Dempsey's eye.

ROUND SIX -- Dempsey’s left was short in the clinch and Referee Dougherty was forced to go between them. Gibbons danced away from Dempsey’s leads. In the clinch Dempsey hit Tom on the chin with short rights. Gibbons ducked a left and his head went through the top rope of the ring. Dempsey pulled him back and the crowd booed. They tried lefts to the head before clinching. Gibbons missed a left in the clinch and pounded his foe on the hack of the head with the rabbit punches. Dempsey hooked right and left to the body. Jack shot a left to the body. Gibbons nailed the champion with a left soak to the chin when the round ended.

Gibbons Weakens

ROUND SEVEN -- Dempsey drove a right to the body and a left to the jaw. As Gibbons came in the champion hooked him with a right to the chin. Gibbons hung on and backed away after the breakaway. Dempsey swung another right to the jaw, and Gibbons hooked him with a left at close quarters. Giltbons ducked a left to the head. He backed away from a hard right swing. In the clinch Dempsey kept hooking right and left to the challenger’s body and head. Gibbons backed into the ropes to escape punishment. He appeared to be weakening under Dempsey’s savage body attacks.

ROUND EIGHT -- Gibbons missed two lefts and Dempsey hooked a left to the chin. In the clinch, they exchanged punches to the head. Gibbons whipped over two lefts to the head. Dempsey drove a right to the body and a left to the head. Dempsey landed a left to the head and Gibbons smashed the champion with a left to the chin. He nailed Jack to the same spot in a clinch. Dempsey smashed Gibbons with a left jab. Tom backed into the ropes and hooked Dempsey high on the head with a left. Gibbons swung a right to Jack’s chin. As they clinched Dempsey brought short rights and lefts to Tom's face.

Jack Can't Find Tom

ROUND NINE -- Dempsey feinted and Gibbons backed away falling into a clinch. Jack was short with a left. Tom danced away from a left hook and exchanged lefts with Dempsey. Gibbons landed a light left to the body ns they came together. The elusive Gibbons was getting to be a tough target for the champion. Jack hooked a left to the nose and Gibbons drove a left to Dempsey’s chin as they clinched. Dempsey hooked two lefts to the head. Gibbons swung two lefts and a right to Dempsey’s head. They exchanged lefts. Dempsey drove Tom into the ropes under a bombardment of lefts and rights. Gibbons hooked the champion with a right and left to the head and then dug his left into the champion’s stomach.

ROUND TEN -- Gibbons landed light left to the head. Dempsey hooked his left twice to Toni’s jaw forcing him to back away. Jack drove him into the ropes with jarring punches to the head. Dempsey was wild with a left hook but crashed a right to the body, making Tom clinch. Gibbons sunk a right into the champion’s body and received two lefts to the head. A third left just grazed Tom’s chin. Dempsey missed a right but landed with a left to the head. Gibbons was short with a left and had the champion backed into the ropes ready for a right swing when the bell stopped them.

Jack Uses Rabbit Punches

ROUND ELEVEN -- Gibbons ducked a left to the head. He swung a light left to Dempsey’s head. He nailed Jack with a left hook to the chin and received three lefts to the body and head in return. Gibbons backed away from Dempsey’s left lead and swung three lefts to the head. Dempsey hooked him with two left uppercuts. The champion missed a right and brought over another left uppercut to the chin. Gibbons ran into the corner and around the edge of the ring to escape. They traded lefts to the head. Dempsey missed a right and received left to the head. Gibbons shot two lefts to the head as they clinched.

ROUND TWELVE -- Gibbons tried to feint with a left and they clinched. They exchanged punches to the body at close range. Gibbons danced away from a left hook. Dempsey missed a right to the head but hooked over a left to the head. Gibbons backed away from a left and in the clinch Dempsey hammered him on the back of the neck with rabbit punches. Dempsey drove a right to the body and hooked the challenger with a left to the head as they clinched. Dempsey missed a left to the chin, but jarred the challenger with a sharp left to the jaw. Breaking away from a clinch Gibbons swung a right and left to the champions jaw.

Dempsey Forces Fighting

ROUND THIRTEEN -- Gibbons backed away from Dempsey’s lefts and Dempsey’s leads and clinched. Jack drove two lefts to the head and received a left in return. Dempsey held Gibbons in a clinch, punishing him with jolting rights and lefts to the head. Jack missed a right but rocked Tom with a right to the chin. Gibbons swung a left to the head. Dempsey was short with a right to the body. Dempsey nailed Gibbons with a right to the jaw. Dempsey’s right was short to the head and Gibbons sent a right and left to the body. He found Dempsey’s nose with a right and left and backed away.

ROUND FOURTEEN -- Dempsey came with his crouch and they clinched. Gribbons ducked a left and the champion drove a right to the body. Jack chased Gibbons around the ring without landing a punch. Dempsey hooked sharply to the jaw but missed his second left hook to the same spot. Dempsey continued in forcing the fighting with Gibbons clinching at every opportunity. They clinched. Gibbons hooked a left to the head and Jack jarred him with a swinging left to the chin. Gibbons beat Dempsey to the punch, hooking over right and left to the head. Dempsey backed into a corner momentarily but came out fighting and fell into a clinch in the center of the ring.

Gibbons Clinches at Bell

ROUND FIFTEEN -- The crowd began throwing scat cushions into the air. They shook hands in the middle of the ring. Dempsey missed a left to the body. They clinched. Gibbons backed away, covering up from Dempsey’s onslaught. Dempsey hooked a left high to the head and backed Gibbons into the ropes in a clinch. Dempsey hooked two lefts to the head. Dempsey missed a right swing to the head. Gibbons persisted in clinching and when free ran away from the champion. Dempsey swung two lefts and a right to the head. Gibbons ducked a right to the head. Gibbons covered up to evade Dempsey’s rushes. Gibbons was tiring quickly, and seeking protection of clinches from Dempsey’s vicious rights and lefts to the head as the bell sounded, ending the round and the fight.


Ringside, Shelby, July 4. -- Jack Dempsey, world’s heavyweight champion was awarded a fifteen-round decision over Tommy Gibbons, St. Paul challenger, in one of the most surprising upsets in a heavyweight match in years. Gibbons was on his feet, apparently very tired and holding on desperately when the fifteen round battle ended.

The result was distinctly a surprise as Dempsey was an overwhelming favorite in the meager betting to win in six or seven rounds. The game Gibbons astonished even his most ardent supporters by carrying the fight to the hard hitting Dempsey in some rounds and out boxing him- in spots. Dempsey outslugged and landed the hardest punches, always trying desperately to whip over a knock out punch. When the battle ended Gibbons was tired and rapidly fading from the cruel punishment Dempsey inflicted around the body. The challenger hung on constantly in the fifteenth round to avoid a knockout punch.

A tabulation of newspaper experts at the ring side gave Gibbons a shade in the fifth, eleventh and thirteenth rounds while Dempsey was out in front in the remaining twelve. The result was evidently a surprise to Jack Kearns, manager of the heavyweight Champion, who stuck his head between the ropes after the fight and shouted to the newspaper correspondents at the ring side:

"It was a nice fight, wasn’t it, Gibbons is a good man."

Referee Dougherty did not hesitate a minute before raising Dempsey’s right hand proclaiming him the winner. Gibbons, his face smeared from bleeding lips and a bruised nose, quickly extended his hands to the champion and trotted to the corner, where he received a deafening ovation.

Despite the police protection the crowd quickly swarmed into the ring and over into the challenger’s corner, pounding him. on the back and throwing their hats into the air. Gibbons smiled broadly at the friendly demonstration while the champion was in opposite corner having his gloves removed, preparatory to leaving the ring under escort of four Chicago detectives. Dempsey inflicted severe punishment on the challenger in the clinches and at short range, beating him on the back of the head with his famous rabbit punch that jarred Gibbons to his heels.

No Foul Blows
Struck at Shelby

Shelby, Mont., July 5. -- Jimmy Dougherty of Philadelphia, referee of the championship battle, declared tonight that he saw no foul blows struck by either Dempsey or the challenger.

Dougherty said:
"It was a tough assignment for the third man in the ring. Working out there in the sUn trying to separate the men through 15 rounds was action enough for any one single day. But it was a great bout. I don't think anyone will question that. Nor do I think anybody will question the decision. There was no other decision possible. Dempsey was the aggressor all the way and accomplished the most damaging work, earning the majority of the rounds. There were cries that the rules were not observed, but those who yelled at supposed violations did not know the rules which say that the men should protect themselves at all times. As to the cries of low blows, I saw none that struck and I don’t think any one else did."

Happy Independence Day 2023-- July 4, 2023

Indianapolis Times, 04-July-1923

Happy Fourth of July to all. 247 years ago, we declared our independence. Lady Liberty offers "Glorious Birthday Greetings."

Monday, July 3, 2023

Toonerville Trolley -- Granpa Futty's Fourth of July Precaution -- July 3, 2023

Casper Daily Tribune, 05-June-1923

I love Fontaine Fox's The Toonerville Trolley That Meets All the Trains. In this example, the Trolley appears in the background. 

Washington Times, 30-June-1918