Wednesday, May 31, 2023

COVID-19, Vaccine, Masks, Church, Baseball and School -- May 31, 2023

In May I took some time off from blogging after my wife had an operation. She is doing well. 

The World Health Organization declared that the COVID-19 emergency was over. I still wear a mask. 

The Giants reached .500.

We changed parishes from Good Shepherd to Saint Peter's. 

Due to licensing issues, I taught kids at Good Shepherd school to use Turtle Graphics. They were very enthusiastic. A second grader told me "I'm a real coder now."

Monday, May 29, 2023

Memorial Day 2023 -- May 29, 2023

On Memorial Day it is fitting and proper to remember the men and women who gave their lives, who continue to give their lives, to give us the country we deserve.

"How important it is for us to recognize and celebrate our heroes and she-roes!" — Maya Angelou

I took this photo on 14-December-2007 at the National Cemetery in the Presidio.

Sunday, May 14, 2023

Mother's Day, 2023 -- May 14, 2023

Happy Mother's Day, everyone.  I'm grateful for my mother and my wife and my mother-in-law and sisters-in-law and cousins and friends. All excellent mothers.

I took the photo at Good Shepherd School in Pacifica on 05-October-2008, during the school's 40th anniversary celebration.

Saturday, May 13, 2023

Three Agitatin Records -- May 13, 2023

Richmond Item, 10-May-1923

Last month we saw the 100th anniversary of the first recordings by King Joe Oliver's Creole Jazz Bank. These records, made in Gennett's Richmond, Indiana studio, were also the first recordings to feature Louis Armstrong:

Richmond Palladium-Item, 23-May-1923

This ad offers the first record, with "Dipper Mouth Blues" and "Weather Bird Rag."

Richmond Item, 26-May-1923

This ad offers records from other pioneering jazz groups. Ladd's Black Aces was an alias used by the Original Memphis Five. The New Orleans Rhythm Kings was formed in Chicago by New Orleans musicians. They were very popular. 

Friday, May 12, 2023

Vida Blue RIP -- May 12, 2023

I remember when the Giants traded a bunch of people to the Athletics for Vida Blue. I liked many of them, like Dave Heaverlo. We were at Candlestick for the 1989 game where he got married. Willie McCovey was best man. People say nice things about Vida Blue. He ran the Junior Giants program for years. I am sorry to learn he has died.

Thursday, May 11, 2023

Trump Found Guilty of Defamation and Sexual Abuse -- May 11, 2023

Former "President" Donald Judas Trump was found guilty of defamation and sexual abuse in a civil case. Hee hee hee.

Wednesday, May 10, 2023

Coronation -- May 10, 2023

Saturday we watched bits and pieces of the crowning of Charles III and his consort Camilla. It was nice to see the old traditions, but whole thing was silly.

Tuesday, May 9, 2023

Hale's Radio to Relay Music -- May 9, 2023

San Francisco Examiner, 25-April-1923

In the golden age of radio, remote music broadcasts from hotels and clubs were very common. Here is an early example from the Fairmont Hotel to station KPO. John W Weeks was Secretary of War in President Harding's cabinet. Known as an honest man, Weeks was not involved in the Teapot Dome scandal.

Hale's Radio to
Relay Music

by Oliver W. Tuttle.

Commencing Sunday night at 8:30 o'clock "KPO," Hale Brothers' big broadcasting station, will inaugurate its new remote control system from the Fairmont Hotel.

Controlled by a switch install on the huge panel in the "KPO" operating room, the magic waves of Rudy Seiger's famous Fairmont Orchestra.

This notable feat of radio engineering skill was made possible through the co-operation with Hale Brothers of the Fairmont Hotel and the Leo J Meyberg Company.

Since the closing down of the old "KDN" station at the Fairmont radio fans have constantly inquired why Rudy Seiger and his musicians were no longer to be heard via the radio. They will now be heard daily between the hours of 1 and 2 and 4:30 and 5:30 o'clock in the afternoon. The regular Sunday concert will also be a feature of the weekly program.

The concert Sunday night will be featured by violin solos by Rudy Seiger. The members of the orchestra are J. Chandler Smith, piano; Jasha Schwarzman, cello; Jerome Simon, violin; H. Seiger, base, and Rudy Seiger, conductor.

Secretary of War John Weeks will speak from Hale Brothers' studio tonight at 8 o'clock.

His words will be eagerly listened to by thousands of radio fans up and down the Pacific coast, who, through the medium of their receiving sets, will have this great opportunity of hearing a figure of national importance. An attractive musical program will also be broadcasted.

San Francisco Examiner, 25-April-1923

Rudy Seiger's Shell Symphonists Orchestra: "Destiny" (1928)

Monday, May 8, 2023

Comic Book -- Blackhawk -- May 8, 2023

Blackhawk was one of my favorite comic book characters, although I first encountered him and his team, the Blackhawks, when DC tried to turn them into costumed superheroes, about 1968. I found some older issues and even older stories reprinted in books. Blackhawk, an American or a Pole (it varied over the years), led a paramilitary team of ace aviators. Their airplanes are Grumman XF5F Skyrockets, a very cool-looking Navy fighter that never reached production. They started out fighting the Axis in Quality's Military Comics. The Blackhawks also appeared in their own title. After the war, Military became Modern Comics. Their enemies became Communists. DC took over the Quality line. The series went downhill until it reached its Nadir in the New Blackhawk Era and the superhero experiment. It died soon after, but it has returned now and then.

Sunday, May 7, 2023

Pulp -- Baseball Stories -- May 7, 2023

The Giants are nearing .500.

The cover of the Spring, 1940 Baseball Stories. Pitchers don't kick like that anymore. 

Saturday, May 6, 2023

Toonerville Trolley -- It Allus Turns the Car Over -- May 6, 2023

Casper Daily Tribune, 30-June-1923

I love Fontaine Fox's The Toonerville Trolley That Meets All the Trains.

Washington Times, 30-June-1918

Friday, May 5, 2023

Happy Cinco de Mayo, 2023 -- May 5, 2023

Happy Cinco de Mayo everyone. General Ignacio Zaragoza Seguín led the Mexican army which defeated the French invaders at the Battle of Puebla in 1862.

"The national arms have been covered with glory" General Zaragoza wrote in a letter to President Benito Juárez. Some people credit this defeat with preventing French interference in the US Civil War.

Thursday, May 4, 2023

May, 2023 Version of the Cable Car Home Page -- May 4, 2023

San Francisco Examiner, 05-August-1923

I just put the May 2023 version of my Cable Car Home Page on the server:

It includes some new items:
1. Picture of the Month: I loved Margot Patterson Doss' column San Francisco at Your Feet in the Sunday Chronicle-Examiner. I had two of her books and I took many of the walks that she described. For the anniversary of the cable cars, she offered a walk from Golden Gate Park to Washington/Mason. Hills Brothers provided coffee for a nickel a cup. (Source: San Francisco Sunday Chronicle-Examiner, 1973-08-05, Sunday Punch Section Page 6). 
2. On the Centennial and Sesquicentennial of the Birth of the Cable Car page: Updates about both Centennial and Sesquicentennial events. I will continue to update it for much of the year.

Ten years ago this month (May, 2013):
1. Picture of the Month: Cable car crewmen hold trays with the rings as a motorized cable car rolls down the third base line
2. On the Motorized Cable Cars page: The San Francisco Giants' 2012 World Series Ring Ceremony.
3. On the Cal Cable page: Transit historian Ray Long shares his memories of more than 60 years of Cal Cable
4. On the Cable Cars in the Pacific Northwest page: More about the Spokane Cable Railway, including selected articles from The Street Railway Journal.
5. Added News and Bibliography items about cable cars taking funding away from other transportation

Twenty years ago this month (May, 2003):
Added Val Lupiz's new quarterly column, Tales From the Grip to the San Francisco Miscellany page. Thanks to Val for choosing to host his column here.
1. Picture of the Month: South Spokane cable car
2. Add the Spokane Cable Railway to the Cable Cars in the Pacific Northwest page.
3. Added an illustrated article about the California Street Cable Railroad 125th anniversary. Also added Bibliography items about the party.
4. Added News and Bibliography items about Walter Rice and Emiliano Echeverria's new book San Francisco's California Street Cable Car/Celebrating a Century and a Quarter of Service.
125 years ago this month -- May 1898

May 25 - The Washington and Georgetown Railroad's Seventh Street line closed. Electric rails for the conduit electric cars had been laid while the cable cars were running.

50 years ago this month -- May 1973

May 11 - The Giants traded Willy Mays to the Mets.

Coming in May, 2023: On the Cable Cars in the Pacific Northwest page: More about the Butte City Street Railroad

The Cable Car Home Page now has a Facebook page:

Joe Thompson
The Cable Car Home Page (updated 01-May-2023)
San Francisco Bay Ferryboats (updated 31-January-2020)
Park Trains and Tourist Trains (updated 30-September-2022)
The Pneumatic Rolling-Sphere Carrier Delusion (updated spasmodically)
The Big V Riot Squad (new blog)

Wednesday, May 3, 2023

U. S. Aviators Who Flew Across Continent Without a Stop -- May 3, 2023

Omaha Bee, 04-May-1923

In October, 2022 we noted the 100th anniversary of United States Army Air Service Lieutenants John A Macready and Oakley G Kelly setting an endurance record, keeping their single engine Fokker T-2 monoplane in the air for 36 hours, 4 minutes, and 32 seconds. They had initially set out to fly from San Diego to New York, but turned back because of bad weather. They decided to use their load of fuel and oil to set an endurance record, by flying in great circles over San Diego. They received the Mackay Trophy in acknowledgment of their achievement:

On 17-April-1923 Macready and Kelly set a new endurance record:

Major Henry (Hap) Arnold commanded the United States Army Air Forces during World War Two. Rockwell Field is now part of the Naval Air Station North Island.

All Records
Smashed by
U.S. Airmen

Army Aviators Complete
Transcontinental Trip From
New York to San Diego in
26 Hours 50 Minutes.

Land Shortly After Noon

By Associated Press.
San Diego, Cal., May 3 -- All distance records for nonstop airplane flight were smashed today by Lieuts. Oakley G. Kelly and John A. Macready, who flew here from Hempstead. N. Y . in 26 hours. 30 minutes, 48 2/5 seconds' official time. The distance covered was approximately 2,625 miles, but the flyers' average speed was more than 100 miles an hour, because they did not follow an exact air line.

It was their second attempt at transcontinental flight without a stop, they having been forced down at Indianapolis on their way east from San Diego last year. This flight was made in the same plane that was used today, though a different engine had been installed.

"You have written a new chapter in the triumph of American aviation." said a telegram from President Harding and scores of other congratulatory messages expressed a similar enthusiasm over the achievement.

Given Warm Reception.

The great monoplane T-2 landed at Rockwell field, according to the official timers, at 26 minutes. 56 1/10 second past 12 noon, Pacific coast time. The start was at 12:36:18 p. m. eastern standard time.

There was wild enthusiasm at Rockwell field when Lleut. Macready nosed the T-2 down and landed the huge ship with consummate ease on almost the exact spot where he and Kelly took off in their attempt to fly to New York November 4.

The crowd, thrilled by the sight of the beautiful ship and sensing deeply what its feat meant for America’s prestige in the air, swept the guards aside like so much chaff and born down on Kelly and Macready, madly cheering the makers of the country’s first transcontinental flight.

"Marvelous Flight."

The two air navigators, their faces splotched with oil and grease but wreathed in wide grins, were fairly forced up against the fusilage. Here they were lifted on the shoulders of admirers, presented with huge bouquets and not let down until the throng had yelled itself hoarse. Maj Henry Arnold, commandant of Rockwell field, and the officials of the Nationnal Aeronatical association were caught in the mad rush of the spectators Major Arnold finally fought his way to MacReady and Kelly’s side.

"Congratulations," said the major to both men. "It was a marvelous flight and we are surely proud of you."

Held Previous Record.

The best previous record for distance covered in a nonstop flight was that set by MacReady and Kelly in their former attempt to cross the continent without a stop, approximately 2,200 miles. This distance they covered in 27 hours 52 seconds November 3 and 4, 1922. They were forced down by failure of their engine. Its cylinder jackets cracking and the water leaking out of its circulation system.

On October 5. last year, the same pair of aviators in the same plane took the air from Rockwell field for what they had intended to be a transcontinental flight. But fog obscured the passes in the mountains east of San Diego and unwilling to attempt the eastward passage under such conditions, they turned back and spent ihe ensuing hours in a flight above Rockwell field and San Diego, not landing until they had established a world record of 35 hours 18 minutes 30 seconds. This was more than nine hours longer than the previous record holders Edward Stinson and Lloyd Bertaud, had been able to remain up at Roosevelt field the preceding December.

Flyers Tell Story.

After Kelly and MacReady had refreshed themselves with a quick wash and some food they told their story. It was a composite story, first one putting in a sentence or two and then the other breaking in.

"When we left New York," said Kelly, "we could not seem to get the full horsepower out of the Liberty engine. We flew for more than 20 miles at an altitude of less than 400 feet.

"Over New Jersey the voltage regulator went out. This was heartbreaking, for, unless we could repair it in flight, we would be forced to turn back. While I handled the control wheel, MacReady set desperately to work taking off the switch and installing a new one.

"He succeeded and a load was lifted from our hearts when the regulator again begun to function properly."

Had No Further Trouble.

Macready took up the story: "From that moment the flight became a pleasant prospect for us and we encountered no further mechanical trouble. The Liberty motor we kept operating at 90 per cent of its full horsepower after we had cleared the New Jersey air lanes.

"Reachig Dayton, O., 580 miles air line from New York, we headed for St. Louis, thence steered for Tucumacari. N. M. We were flying at an altitude of 2,000 feet when darkness caught us near Indianapolis.

"Approximately 50 miles from Belleville, Ill., we were thrilled by the sight of a huge beam of iight projecting up through the clouds. It was a veritable beacon along a rocky and dangerous shore for us, for otherwise intense darkness prevailed and we were trusting solely to our compass to keep on a straight course.

Aided by Light.

"Aided by this beam of light, which we knew came from Belleville, we continued straight as an arrow for the Missouri river. A light rain began to fall when we crossed the Missouri line, a condition we were prepared for on account of the cloudy weather in Indiana and Illinois. At the Missouri-Kansas line, while traveling better than 110 miles an hour and at an altitude of 5,000 feet, we sighted moonlight filtering through cloud holes. It gave us a feeling of security.

"These faint streaks of moonlight were all that we sighted of the heavens until daybreak over Tucumcari. Kelly was at the wheel. Dawn was just breaking. Kelly gave a shout of joy when, on looking over the side of the cockpit. he spied the cemetery on the outskirts of Tucumcari. It was a landmark we knew."

Cross Mountains Easily.

From that time on the aviators had not the slightest difficulty. They were flying in daylight over a section they knew well from their previous flight and the plane, lightened by much of its early burden of fuel, did all that was asked of it in climbing over the mountain ranges. They considered that part of the trip so easy that they barely commented on it.

Macready and Kelly said that they exchanged positions at the wheel every six hours except while crossing over the Arizona forests. Then they changed freriuently. partly to rest and partly to arrange their schedule so that Macready would handle the controls in making the landing here.

The aviators said they would remain here in the hope of establishing a new world duration record of at least 48 hours.

Flight Marks Epoch in Air Travel
in America, Says Colonel Halstead

Col. Frank Halstead, Omaha air officer, expressed gratification at the success of the flight, when informed by The Omaha Bee that the giant monoplane had been sighted over San Diego.

He is personally acquainted with Lieutenants Macready and Kelly, who made the flight, and was at Fort Benjamin Harrison when they were forced down on their previous attempt to make a nonstop transcontinental flight. Previous to that flight, he said, their engine was put through an endurance test of 36 hours.

Endurance test which preceded the present flight lasted 38 hours.

"The achievement of Iieutenants MacReady and Kelly marks an epoch in the development of air travel in America," he declared.

"The engine in their plane is the same type of Liberty motor which propels the familiar DH-4. Both men are to be congratulated on their feat."

According to Colonel Halstead's reckoning, their actual flying time was approximately 25 hours and 50 minutes, at an average of 98 miles an hour. He computes the distance covered as close to 3,000 miles.

After being told by The Omaha Bee of their landing, Colonel Halstead sent the two lieutenants a message of congratulation.

"Having witnessed your first feat, and your forced landing at Fort Benjamin Harrison, my interest in aviation compels me to congratulate you on your marvelous achievement," the message said.

He also asked them when they plan to circle the globe.

Army Blimp Completes
800-Mile Nonstop Trip

St. Louis, Mo,, May 3 -- The airship AC-1 arrived at Scott field, near here for permanent station at 6:40 a. m. today after a non-stop flight of 800 miles from Langley field. Va. The ship will he used for training. The entire duration of the voyage was 16 hours.

The ship is 169 feet long, 58 feet high and has a total of 180,000 cubic feet. It is motored by two aeromarine L-6 motors of 125 horsepower each, and has a cruising speed of 60 miles an hour.

The flight from Langley field was without special incident, Captain W. McIntyre, commanding, said. The ship left Langley field at 2:30 p. m. yesterday and traveled at an approximate speed of 50 miles an hour.

Tuesday, May 2, 2023

Krazy Kat -- How Wundafil Is a Echo -- May 2, 2023

Washington Times, 29-April-1923

 I love George Herriman's Krazy Kat.

Washington Times, 30-June-1918

Monday, May 1, 2023

There is Power in a Union -- May 1, 2023


Today is International Workers' Day. With the support of the Biden Administration, unions are growing in strength. 

The Battle of Manila Bay -- May 1, 2023

Los Angeles Herald, 03-May-1898

These items from the 02-May-2023 Alexandria Gazette contain some of the earliest reports of the Battle of Manilla Bay, which took place 125 years ago, on May 1, 1898. The spelling of Manila varied in the original article. 


A naval battle has been fought near Manilla. All advices from the scene of the engagement come by Spanish cable, but there seems to be no doubt that the American fleet won a victory in the two engagements which took place. From the best sources obtainable it is learned that the American fleet engaged the fortifications at Cavite and the Spanish gunboats at daylight Sunday, and after a severe action, during which at least two of the largest Spanish warships, including the Spanish Admiral's flagship, were destroyed, retired to land their wounded and refit. After a short interval the American fleet returned to the attack, which must have been disastrous to the Spanish fleet. The loss of life was undoubtedly very large. The American vessels suffered considerable damage. The captain of the Spanish flagship was killed.

The battle took place on the morning of May 1st. which, reckoning the difference in time, would be about 5 o'clock Saturday evening in Washington. From the fact that the Spanish still coutrol the cable at Manila it is apparent that the U. S. fleet has not yet taken that city.

Following are the official dispatches received at Madrid from the Governor General of the Philippines to the minister of war, Lieut. Gen. Correa as tc the engagement off Manila:

"Our fleet engaged the enemy in a brilliant combat, protected by the Cavite and Manila forts. They obliged the enemy, with heavy loss, to maneuver repeatedly. At nine o'clock the American squadron took refuge behind the foreign merchant shipping, on the east side of the bay.

"Our fleet, considering the enemy's superiority, naturally sullered a severe loss. The Maria Christina is on fire and another ship, believed to be the Don Juan de Austria, was blown up.

"There was considerable loss of life. Captain Cadarso, commanding the Maria Christina, is among the killed The spirit of the army, navy and volunteers is excellent."

A dispatch from Havana says : Admiral Bermejo, Minister of Marine joined the Cabinet council Saturday night and informed his colleagues that the Spanish forces had gained a victory in the Philippines. He asserted that he found difficulty in restraining his joyful emotion. A later official dispatch does not mention the destruction of any American vessel, although it says that the United States squadron finally cast anchor in the bay behind the foreign merchantmen.

A dispatch from Madrid, dated at midnight last night, says: El Heraldo de Madrid says that Admiral Montejo changed his flagship during the engagement or between the two encounters in order to better direct the maneuvers. In this way he escaped the fate of the commander of the Reina Maria Christina. The second engagement, according to El Heraldo, was apparently begun by the Americans, after landing their wounded on the west side of the bay. In the latter engagement the Spanish ships Mindanao and Ulloa suffered heavily. Ministers speak of "serious but honorable losses."

A dispatch from London says dispatches received there seem to make it clear that the Asiatic squadron of the United States, Admiral Dewey commanding, yesterday engaged and completely defeated the Asiatic squadron of Spain in the harbor of Manilla, in the Philippine Islands. During the two engagements that took place Commodore Montejo, commanding the Spanish fleet, lost three of his largest ships. His flagship, the armored cruiser Reina Christina and the armored cruiser Castilla, were burned and the cruiser Don Juau de Austria was blown up. Several other Spanish vessels were badly damaged.

Under the protection of the guns in the fortifications the Spanish warships opened fire on the American fleet. For several hours the harbor resounded with the roar of guns.
A shot reached the iron cruiser Don Juan de Austria. A terrific explosion followed and the ship was blown up causing great loss of life.

There was a heavy loss of life among the Spanish. The captain commanding the Reina Christina was killed. Commodore Montejor, commanding the fleet, shifted his flag from the Christina to the Isle de Cuba, a much smaller steel-protected cruiser, just before the Christina sank. Commodore Dewey's squadron left Subic bay, a few miles from Manilla, about four o'clock Saturday afternoon and proceeded toward Manilla. Under the cover of darkness he entered the harbor of Manilla, passing the forts. The batteries at the forts announced his arrival.

Both fleets lined up for battle about daybreak. The guns of the American warships began firing on the fortress of Cavite and the arsenal of Manila. Then the battle raged.

The American squadron about 9 o'clock in the morning drew off to one side of the bay and took refuge behind some foreign vessels. The ships had evidently suffered considerable damage. After some hasty repairs they returned to the conflict.

During this engagement the guns of Cavite maintained a steadier and stronger fire upon Admiral Dewey's ships than in the first encounter, but the American guns were used with teliing effect. As the smoke lifted it was seen that the flagship Reina Christina was on fire. This vessel was completely burned.

The cruiser Castilla, next to the flagship the largest and most powerful of the Spanish squadron, was burned. The cruiser Don Antonio de Ulloa and the Mindanoa were badly damaged in this encounter.

That the American squadron received serious damage in the engagement cannot be doubted. Early reports had it that five of Dewey's ships had been sunk. Later advices from Madrid put the number at two. The latest reports received from Madrid make no mention of any American ship being destroyed.

There were undoubtedly heavy losses in men on both sides. One apparent trust-worthy report states that the Spanish had two hundred killed and four hundred wounded.

Trustworthy details of the American loss of life will hardly be obtainable until Admiral Dewey has taken Manila or sent a vessel with dispatches to Hong Kong.

The Victory at Manilla.

London. May 2 -- The afternoon papers to-day comment upon the victory of the U. S. fleet at Manilla. The Pall Mall Gazette says: "The earlier Spanish stories left no shadow of doubt that the Spanish fleet had been smashed and the later information this morning places it even beyond the possibility of a Spanish denial." The newspapers all discuss the ultimate fate of the Philippine Islands as a question in which the European powers are vitally interested and they agree in saying that another element of discord has been introduced into the far Eastern scramble.

A Madrid dispatch to the Evening News says the Queen Regent, who, it appears, had already heard of the reverse, declared that while the loss of so many ships was a misfortune, there was "satisfaction in the reflection that the Spaniards had covered themselves with honor." A dispatch to the Mail received from Madrid this morning says: "The Americans are now moving on Manilla, but there has beeu no capitulation yet."

The British governor of the Straits Settlement has sent a cable dispatch to the colonial office here saying the United States fleet "annihilated" the Spanish fleet in a two hours' engagement. ? The dispatch adds that Commodore Dewey last night demanded the surrender of all the torpedoes and guns at Manilla and the control of the cables, under pain of bombardment. General Augusti, the Spanish Governor General, refused to surrender them, and, it is supposed, the bombardment of Manilla is now procending.

London, May 2. -- The details of the battle at Manilla have been received at the British Colonial office. The dispatch announces that the United States fleet entered Manilla harbor at daybreak yesterday, stationing itself opposite the city. A fort opened fire on the American ships, whereupon they shifted their position to one near Cavite, in Manilla bay, engaging in a fierce fight against both the forts and the Spanish fleet. The engagement last (sic - JT) two hours, and resulted in the annihilation of the Spanish fleet. This dispatch adds that the American ships withdrew to their t magazine vessel, in the centre of the roadstead, for the purpose of coaling. One American vessel, the name of which is not mentioned, is said to have been disabled.

Berlin, May 2. -- The news of the victory of the United States fleet at Manilla was received here, except in government circles, with general incredulity. The newspapers expressed doubts as to its reliability. They said it was "derived mostly from American sources and, doubtless, had been grossly exaggerated or was baseless."

From Madrid.

MADRID, May 2. -- A dispatch to the Liberal from Manila says Admiral Montijo, the Spanish commander, acknowledges that the Spanish fleet has been completely demolished. He adds that the crew of the Spanish warship Mindanao has been saved. A member of the Cabinet this morning stated that the account of yesterday's naval battle sent by the Governor General of the Philippine Islands had been compietely born out by later dispatches. The last shot was fired at 11:30, when the American warships steamed off. The newspapers express a determination to avenge the defeat of the Spanish fleet. The conduct of the Spanish admiral in sinking the remnant of his fleet in order to prevent its capture is highly extolled by the press.

The Imperial advises the government to arm all the available shipping for the purpose of capturing and destroying American merchant vessels.

Further advices from Manila say the United States fleet has taken up a position in front of Manila and has established a blockade of the port. The population of Manila is fleeing from the city. A bombardment of the town is expected to take place to day.

The authorities here have adopted the most extreme military precautions to check the increasing public indignation at the disaster to the Spanish fleet. Martial law will be proclaimed if the government is "provoked over hostile demonstrations" in the streets. The feeling of discontent is everywhere. The military feel equally with the civil elements the effects of the disaster, in which, according to one announcement, "our inferior war craft, although they fought pluckily, perished through lack of foresight in responsible quarters.

It is now raining which may prevent he Second of May procession, as well as the bull fight. Both gatherings are liable to result in demonstrations. Senor Robledo, the conservative leader and former minister of justice, is expected to inaugurate a sensational debate in the chamber to-morrow, in which he will be backed up by the carlists and republicans. General Weyler, whose popularity is increasing, will also provoke a debate in the Senate.

Preparing for Action.

Key West, Fla., May 2. -- A demonstration by the fleet off the coast of Cuba is hardly expected to-day but it is understood a movement has been planned. A howling gale is now blowing and the sea is running high. There was a long conference on board the flagship New York yesterday, between Rear Admiral Sampson, Captain Evans, Captain Taylor and Captain Chadwick, the purpose of which could not be ascertained. Early yesterday morning tugs were then sent out, calling in all the other vessels of the fleet in that vicinity and at noon the ships were lying off the batteries, west of Havana and within eight miles of the shore. After the ships had remained in this position for several hours it became evident that no immediate movement was contemplated, as the fleet opened out and returned to their various stations along the coast.

News of the engagement between the United States and Spanish fleets at Manilla has not yet reached the Cuban blockading squadron, but they probably will be advised of it this morning.

The Blockade of Havana.

Key West, Fla., May 2. -- The blockade of Havana continues. The United States fleet is lying about ten miles off Morro Castle. The weather is fine and a stiff breeze is blowing. The British steamer Strathdee, from Progresso to Sagua la Grande, in ballast, was made to heave to at 1.30 this morning, after two shots had been fired from the flagship. The Strathdee proved her identity and was allowed to proceed, as Sagua la Grande is not a blockaded point. Captain Currie said he was stopped twice before during the night.

War Bulletins.

Madrid, May 2. -- The British consul at Manilla has had a conference with Commodore Dewey.

Hong Kong, May 2. -- It is announced at the cable office here that the transmission of messages to Manilla or from that place is interrupted.

London, May 2 -- It is believed that the Spaniards have cut the cable at Manila.

London, May 2. -- A cable message has been received at the foreign office here from the British consul at Manilla announcing that the bombardment lasted an hour and a-half and that the Spanish lleet was practically annihilated by the fleet of the United States.

London, May 2. -- The Parnellite members of parliament have sent the following dispatch to President McKinley: "In the names of millions of Irishmen, the Parnellite members of the House of Commons send you their congratulations on the brilliant victory of the American fleet.
(Signed) "John Redmond."

Portland, Maine, May 2. -- The United States cruiser Columbia arrived here this morning.

DENVER, Col , Mav 2. -- According to Col. W. J. Volkmar," Adjt.-Gen'L of the department of the Colorado, volunteers raised in the States west of the Missouri river will probably be sent across the Pacific ocean to hold the Philippine Islands.

New York, May 2. -- A Hong Kong dispatch says: The bombardment of Manilla has begun. The inhabitants are fleeing to (he country. The operators in the cable station in the midst of the forts have fled to save their lives.

Block Island, R. I., May 2. -- The cruiser New Orleans passed here at 10 o'clock bound east.

PROVINCETOWN, Mass., May 2. -- The cruiser San Francisco steamed into this harbor at 9:27 this morning and dropped anchor near the Katahdin.

As Heard at Paris.

Paris, May 2. -- A dispatch from Madrid says that, according to the latest dispatches, the British consul at Manilla, in his visit to Commodore Dewey, made representations, in behalf of the consular corps, against the bombardment of the town. The dispatch also says: "French, British and German war vessels are off Manilla. No Spanish warship surrendered and the majority perished. Two Spanish commanders were killed while resisting to the last, moment. The Spanish losses are estimated at four hundred men killed, including many natives. The American squadron attacked furiously both the Spanish squadron and Cavite, where it caused great damage."

Commenting on the battle, the Temps says: "The United States put into the balance a too crushing superiority of resources and forces to leave a doubt as to the result." Later the Temps says: "Directly Castilian honor has received the satisfaction it demands, will not the moment have come for Europe to say its word, and take as a basis for its mediatory action the wise advice of the Duke of Devonshire in his speech of Saturday evening?"

Foreign News.

London, May 2. -- The Evening Standard commenting on the American victory says: "Everyone will hope this prompt and decisive blow to the Spanish forces will lead to an early termination of hostilities, a hope which has been encouraged by the remarkable language of Senor Silvela in the Cortes, when he declared the Cuban problem is reduced to a question of honor for Spanish arms."

San Francisco Call, 27-January-1895

Commodore George Dewey's flagship, the Olympia, is preserved at the Independence Seaport Museum in Philadelphia.