Monday, May 31, 2021

Tulsa Race Massacre 100 -- Day One -- May 31, 2021


Guthrie Daily Leader, 01-June-1921

100 years ago today, on 31-May-1921, a white mob in Tulsa, Oklahoma attacked the black-owned Greenwood District, destroying businesses, burning houses and killing people of color. The Tulsa Race Massacre may have been the worst single instance of racial violence in US history. 

It all started when shoe shiner Dick Rowland, who was African-American, stepped on the foot of a young white woman who was operating an elevator. When she screamed and he ran out of the building, people assumed that she had been assaulted. Rowland survived the massacre and was acquitted of assault, but then he disappeared. "Frisco" refers to the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway. 

75 Persons Killed in Tulsa Race War


Oklahoma City. June 1. - Seventy five persons, whites and negroes, have been killed in the race outbreak in Tulsa, according to a telephone message to Governor Robertson here today from the chief of police at Tulsa.

"Little Africa," the negro section of the city, is in flames; 500 armed white men are guarding the fire department to prevent any aid reaching the burning section of the city. The militia and police are powerless.

Practically Entire Negro
District of Oil
Metropolis in Ruins
Following a Night of
Terror; Whites and
Blacks Battle During
Long Night; City is
Placed Under Martial
Law; Many Are Wounded


Tulsa. June 1. -- Ten white men are known to have been killed in the race war that raged here from Tuesday night until noon. Chief of Police estimated that sixty-five negroes have been killed. Scores of whites and negroes have been wounded.

Practically the entire negro district is a mass of ruins. The loss will reach into thousands of dollars. It is believed that the white resident districts which were menaced will be saved from the flames which are still raging in the negro section.

The city and county are under martial law. Adjutant Barrett, of the Oklahoma National Guard, is in control.

With these precautions taken, it is believed that the situation is temporarily under control, although new outbreaks are feared.

Governor Robertson is enroute here from Oklahoma City to aid Adjutant General Barrett in restoring order and supervising the direction of fortes now in command in the city.

A military commission, composed of the officials and business men to pass upon the status of six thousand negroes now held in construction camps was formed shortly before noon by Mayor Evans and chief of police with the approval of Adjutant General Barrett. This committee will pass upon the guilt of those held under guard in the various camps.

The list of the white dead show ten have been killed. They are:
Homer Cline, 17 years old, a white boy.
Cleo Shumate, Tulsa. 24, shot early last night, died this morning. He was a tool dresser.
M. Baker, 27. Haviland. Kan.
Clyde Greaves, 30, Tulsa.
Three other white men. all unidentified, are lying in the morgues.


Tulsa. June 1. -- The race rioting that broke out here late Tuesday night grew out of the arrest Tuesday afternoon of Dick Rowland, a negro bootblack, on a charge of assaulting a white elevator girl in the Drexel building on Monday.

There was a movement afoot, it was reported, among white people to go to the county courthouse Tuesday night and lynch the bootblack. This report spread over "Little Africa" and early in the evening crowds of negros began forming.

Rowland was taken from the city to the county jail Tuesday afternoon and his preliminary trial set for June 7 In municipal court.

Rowland was arrested on South Greenwood avenue early Tuesday morning by officers Henry Carmichael and C. Pach. He was identified by the girl after his capture.


Bartlesville, June 1 -- A train crew from Tulsa that passed through here this morning told the operator at the Union depot he had passed three thousand negroes near Owasso this morning and they were headed in the direction of Bartlesville. The operator said that he was told by the crew most of the negroes were walking.


Tulsa. June 1. -- "We can't use the equipment we have and for that reason have not asked for more apparatus from other cities," R.C. Alder, fire chief, said at 10 o'clock this morning.

"It would mean a fireman's life to turn a stream of water on one of those negro buildings. They shot at us all morning when we were trying to do something but none of my men were hit. There is not a chance in the world to get through that mob into the negro district.

"We have five lines protecting the warehouses on the Katy railroad and I think we hare them saved. If the wind should change the white residence section east of the negro district would be menaced.

"The fire has swept Greenwood street, where the negro business section was located and is sweeping around the hill to the north. So far the white residence section on the north has not been touched."

Chief Adler indicated that he was prepared to call for outside assistance in case it became necessary.


Muskogee, June 1 -- The city was thrown into a high pitch of excitement when the fire department's siren was sounded at 10:40 calling out the national guards for duty at Tulsa. It wad some moments before quiet could be restored through announcement that the call was for the militia.


A white girl was reported killed on North Peoria in the vicinity of a refinery. The report could not be verified at 10 o'clock.

The firing came from a lot where throughout the early morning hours five hundred white men and a thousand negroes faced each other across railroad tracks. First reports to police headquarters said that the bodies of six to ten negroes could be seen lying in a space described as "No Man's Land." The police also had a report that three St. Louis & San Francisco railway switchmen and a brakeman had been shot to death.

At 10 o'clock it was reported two ' carloads of negroes from Muskogee had passed Kendal College, located in the eastern part of the city.


At 9 o'clock 3,000 negroes had been gathered at convention hall, under guard. It was filled as was also the police station. The remainder of those gathered up are being taken to the baseball park. All are under armed guard.

Casualty List

Up to 1 o'clock today the following white dead had been identified: Carl D. Lotspeisch, 28, Mendall, Kansas; John Palmer, 28; F. M. Baker, 27; Normand Gilliland, Norfolk, Va.; L. S. Slickard, 25, Tulsa F. L. Curry, 26, son of Judge F. Z. Curry; G. T. Prunkard, 34, Sapulpa; Lee Fischer 21, Tulsa. Many other unidentified dead. 

A re-check of the injured revealed the following at the various hospitals:
Earl Hileman, city, shot through thigh, not serious.
G. B. Steck, Sapulpa, shot in back, serious.
J. E. Wissinger, city, shot in knee.
G. F. Joiner, city, shot in leg, not serious.
Ross G. Owens, city, shot with bird shot, several wounds but not serious.
E. D. Hartshorne, city, shot in thigh.
Edward Austin, city, shot in toe, not serious.
Grocer Slinkhard, West Tulsa, fractured rib.
Robert Elmer, West Tulsa.
A. W. Dow, city, shot in upper thigh and compound fracture of arm, serious.
C. N. Thomas, city, shot in leg, not serious.
E. R. Hileam, Fern Hotel, compound fracture of thigh, serious.
Garland Crouch, city, shot in upper abdomen and right arm, thought to be serious.
A. T. Sterling, city, minor injuries.
E. Beichner, West Tulsa, shot in hand and leg, not serious.
Leo Fisher, city, shot in left leg and thigh, thought to be serious.
G. L. Prunkart, Frisco conductor, shot with bird shot in shoulder, chin and forehead. He was shot while sitting in caboose of train, just pulling into city.
There are two wounded patients unidentified. Fifteen or twenty patients having only slight wounds called at hospital and had them dressed, left hospital without giving name or address.
George Switzgood, city, not seriously.
K. G. Logsdon, city, shot in arm, not serious.
Sergeant W. R. Hastings, city, not serious.
H. L. Curry, city, shot through neck, serious.
E. F. Vickers, city, shot in arm.
V. W. Gamble, city, thought serious.
Jess Collins, city, serious.
R. N. Seltzer, city, leg, not serious.
Otto Sherry, city, face powder burned.
Thirty-five or forty who were only slightly wounded were attended at another hospital after the wounds were dressed they walked out, leaving no name or address.
H. C. Bankson, Jenks, Okla., tool dresser, shot through right wrist, bullet travelling through abdomen into the left arm.

Memorial Day 2021 -- May 31, 2021

On Memorial Day it is fitting and proper to remember the men and women who gave their lives, who continue to give their lives, to give us the country we deserve.

On 17-March-1945, Fleet Admiral Chester W Nimitz wrote: “The battle of Iwo Island [Iwo Jima] has been won. The United States Marines, by their individual and collective courage, have conquered a base which is as necessary to us in our continuing forward movement toward final victory as it was vital to the enemy in staving off ultimate defeat.... Among the Americans who served on Iwo Island, uncommon valor was a common virtue.”

I took this photo on 14-December-2007 at the National Cemetery in the Presidio.

Sunday, May 30, 2021

Amos Rusie 150 -- May 30, 2021

Amos Rusie, the Hoosier Thunderbolt, was the hardest-throwing pitcher of the 19th Century.  He was born 150 years ago today, on 30-May-1871. 

He played most of his career for the New York Giants.  In 1893, he threw 50 complete games. 

After he hit Hughie Jennings in the head with a pitch, Jennings was unconscious for four days.  This led baseball to move the pitcher's mound farther away from home plate, from 50 feet to 60 feet, six inches.  He is a member of the Hall of Fame.

COVID-19, Vaccine, Masks, Church, Baseball and School -- May 30, 2021

In May, infections and deaths are way down in the United States. India is being hit badly.

By late May, 50% of American adults have received at least one shot. Many crazy people are refusing to get vaccinated.

Governor Newsome says that on 15-June-2021 most businesses can reopen at full capacity and most people can stop wearing masks out-of-doors.

My wife and I, now fully vaccinated started going to Sunday mass in the gym.

The Giants were in first place for a while.

The F-Line and most of the Muni Metro lines returned to service. No word yet on when cable cars will start running again.

Saturday, May 29, 2021

Friday, May 28, 2021

Audie Murphy 50 Years -- May 28, 2021

Audie Murphy's father abandoned the family when Audie was young. Audie's mother worked hard to hold her children together. Audie developed great skill at shooting by hunting to feed the family. His mother died when he was 16 and he took care of all of the children as well as he could. After Pearl Harbor, he tried to volunteer for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, but they all rejected him for being below minimum weight and age. He lied about his age and joined the Army. He took part in Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily, and Torch, the invasion of the south of France. He earned a battlefield commission and nearly every decoration that was out there up to the Medal of Honor.

His experiences left him with a bad case of PTSD, but he went to Hollywood and became an actor, starring in To Hell and Back, his own biography. He appeared in many westerns and in John Huston's adaption of The Red Badge of Courage. When I was young, San Francisco television stations did not play many westerns, so I did not become familiar with his work. 50 years ago today, on 28-May-1971, he died in a plane crash. I knew his name, but not a lot about him at that time.

Thursday, May 27, 2021

Bierstadt -- Merced River -- May 27, 2021

I have always enjoyed the luminist paintings of Albert Bierstadt. "Merced River," date unknown. I find this peaceful. 

Sunday, May 23, 2021

Eggs From the Farallones -- May 23, 2021


San Francisco Call, 20-June-1895

William A Coulter did many maritime drawings for the San Francisco Call. The article from the 20-June-1895 San Francisco Call describes an operation which collected eggs on the Farallons, a group of islands about 30 miles off the coast of San Francisco. The rampant collecting of eggs threatened the survival of the birds on the island, so President Theodore Roosevelt created the Farallon Reservation in 1909. Clam Johnson is a great name.

Clam Johnson and His Sloop Trial.

The little sloop Trial, which is known along the water front as the egg boat, leaves this morning for the Farallon Islands. This will be her third trip this season. On the first trip she brought back 805 dozen eggs and on the last 1045 dozen. The owner and navigator of the Trial is the celebrated Clam Johnson, who has been running out to the islands for several years. The eggs are a species about three times the size of the household article, and are known as seagull and Farallon chicken eggs. They retail at about 25 cents a dozen and are used mainly by bakers and restaurant-keepers in the manufacture of pastry, etc. They make very good pies and puddings, Captain Johnson says, and one egg will make an omelet for three.

Friday, May 21, 2021

Thursday, May 20, 2021

Cher 75 -- May 20, 2021

Cher, who is equally talented as a singer and an actress, was born 75 years ago today, on 20-May-1946. I have always liked her low voice and her dead-pan delivery. I remember hearing music from Sonny and Cher for most of my life. "I Got You Babe" got stuck in my head recently. I remember their television show, and then her solo show after they split. She acted on Broadway and in films and was exceptionally good. She won the Best Actress Oscar for Moonstruck. I thought some of her solo songs were bombastic, but I still remember them.

Wednesday, May 19, 2021

Dance to This New Victrola Music -- May 19, 2021


West Virginian, 19-May-1921

This list of Victor Talking Machine Company records includes some scattered jazz titles. The Dixieland Jazz Band must be the aggregation known more commonly as the Original Dixieland Jazz Band. The Benson Orchestra of Chicago was a popular dance band that played some jazz.

Tuesday, May 18, 2021

Plessy v Ferguson 125 -- May 18, 2021

Roanoke Times, 19-May-1896

125 years ago today, on 18-May-1896, the US Supreme Court affirmed that the doctrine of separate but equal applied to railroads. This precedent was followed for many years in many situations. Justice John Marshall Harlan dissented. 

Homer Plessy was a light-skinned African American man who was part of a protest designed to get  himself arrested, much the way that Rosa Parks later got arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus. 


Important Decision by the Supreme Court

In a Case to Test the Louisiana Statute
Requiring Railroads to Furnish Separate
Coaches for White and Colored Persons -- Judge Harlan In Dissenting
Says It Would Be As Reasonable to Separate Americans From Foreigners.

Washington, May 18 -- The supreme court of the United States decided today in the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson, that the statute of the State of Louisiana requiring railroad companies to supply separate coaches for white and colored persons is constitutional, affirming the decision of the court below. Justice Brown delivered the opinion. Justice Harlan dissented.

Justice Brown dismissed this case with a very brief opinion, merely saying that the State legislation in this case was analogous with legislation providing separate schools for colored and white children. Plessy, a mulatto, was put out of a coach on the East Louisiana railroad set apart for whites and was placed under arrest for violation of the law.

The proceeding in this court was based upon an application for a writ of prohibition against the trial of the case by Judge Ferguson, of Section A of the criminal district court for the parish of Orleans. This application was first made to the supreme court of Louisiana and was denied. Justice Brown's opinion affirmed the State court's opinion.

Justice Harlan, in his dissenting opinion, said that it would be just as reasonable to require separate coaches for Americans and foreigners, for men of Latin race and those of the Teutonic, or for men of differing views on political or religious questions, or to require that one side of the street should be set aside for whites and the other for blacks. He contended that the law was repugnant to the thirteenth amendment. Railroads were, he said, public highways to the use of which citizens are entitled.

Monday, May 17, 2021

Coca-Cola -- When the Number Two From the South Pulls In -- May 17, 2021


Washington Evening Star, 18-May-1921

I like the activity in this Coca-Cola ad. I wonder who drew it. Note the Independent Order of Odd Fellows (IOOF) lodge visible above the Coca-Cola sign. 

Saturday, May 15, 2021

Planet Comics -- May 15, 2021

Fiction House comics were famous for having lovely women on the covers. The contents were not always so creative. Planet Comics was the first science fiction comic book.

Friday, May 14, 2021

Declaration of War 175 -- May 14, 2021


On 11-May-1846, US President James K Polk sent a message to Congress requesting a declaration of war against Mexico. 175 years ago today, on 14-May-1846, Congress passed such a declaration. I thought it was interesting that this story said that Polk's message was the first long document transmitted by telegraph. 

Captain Seth Thornton was wounded and captured during a skirmish with Mexican soldiers. He was returned with other wounded men. Later, Thornton was killed on 20-August-1847 in an engagement at Churubusco outside Mexico City. The river referred to as Del Norte is the Rio Grande.

The Portsmouth, Virginia New Era, 14-May-1846.


We perceive that modern whiggery alias the toryism of 76, true to its instincts, is pouring forth its usual quantum of abuse and opposition against the government of the people. Not even the invasion of our territory and the blood of our slaughtered countrymen can incite some of the advocates of foreigner interests and insolence, to forget party, and go for the country. We envy not the spirit of those Congressmen and others, who can at this crisis act the traitor. A fearful retribution awaits those who dare attempt to betray the interests and honor of America. Let the odium attached to the term "Federalism" by the conduct of a party during the last war with Britain, warn even the anti-patriotic to beware.

The Bill as given below, which passed the House of Representatives by a vote of 173 to 14, is under discussion in the Senate, and will no doubt pass that body, with perhaps some slight modification in form. The emergency demands promptitude, and patriotism should dictate unanimity.

Since penning the above we learn from the Baltimore Sun, that the bill has passed the Senate by a vote 40 to 2. The amendments of the Senate strike out the portion requiring the officers commanding volunteers to be chosen by and with the advice of the Senate; and reduce the pay of privates to 8 dollars per month. The House met at 7 o clock, P. M., and concurred in the amendments of the Senate.

Whereas, by the act of the republic of Mexico a state of war exists between that government and the United States:
Be it enacted, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, for the purpose of enabling the government of the United States to prosecute said war to a speedy and successful termination, the President be, and he is hereby authorized to employ the militia, naval, and military forces of the United States, and to call for and accept the services of any number of volunteers, not exceeding fifty thousand, who may offer their services either as cavalry, artillery, or riflemen, to serve twelve months after they shall have arrived at the place of rendezvous, or to the end of the war, unless sooner discharged; and that the sum of ten millions of dollars out of any money in the treasury, or to come into the treasury not otherwise appropriated, be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, for the purpose of carrying the provisions of this act into effect.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the militia, when called into the service of the United Stales by virtue of this act, or any other act, may if in the opinion of the President of the United States the public interest requires it. be compelled to serve for a term not exceeding six months, after their arrival at the place of rendezvous, in any one year, unless sooner discharged.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said volunteers shall furnish their own clothes, and if cavalry, their own horses; and when mustered into service shall be armed and equipped at the expense of the United States.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That said volunteers shall, when called into actual service, and while remaining therein, be subject to the rules and articles of war, and shall be in all respects except as to clothing and pay, placed on the same footing with similar corps of the United States army ; and in lieu of clothing every non-commissioned officer and private in any company who may thus offer himself shall be entitled, when called into actual service, to receive in money a sum equal to the cost of clothing of a non-commissioned officer or private (as the case may be) in the regular troops of the United States.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the said volunteers so offering their services shall be accepted by the President in companies, battalions squadrons, and regiments, whose officers shall be appointed in the manner prescribed by law in the several States and Territories to which such companies, battalions, squadrons, and regiments shall respectively belong.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to organize companies so tendering their services into battalions or squadrons; battalions and squadrons into regiments; regiments into brigades, and brigades into divisions, as soon as' the number of volunteers shall render such organization, in his judgment, expedient; and shall, by and with the advice of the Senate, appoint the generals of brigade and division, and the general staff, as now authorized by law : Provided, horn ever, that major generals and brigadier generals shall have the appointment of their own aids-de-camp, and the President shall if necessary, apportion the staff field, and general officers among the respective States and Territories from which the volunteers shall tender their services, as he may deem proper.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the volunteers who may be received into the service of the United States by virtue of the provisions of this act, and who shall be wounded or otherwise disabled in the service, shall be entitled to all the benefit which may be conferred on persons wounded in the service of the United States.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized forthwith to complete all the public armed vessels now authorized by law, and to purchase or charter, arm, equip, and man such merchant vessels and steamboats as, upon examination, may be found fit, or easily converted into armed vessels fit for the public service, and in such number as he may deem necessary for the protection of the seaboard, lake coast, and the general defence of the country.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That, whenever the militia or volunteers are called and received into the service of the United States, under the provisions of this act, they shall have the organization of the army of the United States, and shall have the same pay and allowances, except as follows, to wit: Privates of infantry, artillery, and riflemen shall receive ten dollars per month, and privates of volunteer mounted corps twenty dollars per month, for their services and the use and risk of their horses.

And its title was so amended as to read "An act providing for the prosecution of the existing war between the United States and the republic of Mexico."

A motion was made to reconsider the vote by which the bill had been passed ; and the question being taken under the operation of the previous question, the vote was not reconsidered.

The bill was then ordered to be sent to the Senate.


On motion of Mr. Haralson, the House took up the bill to increase the rank and file of the army, and concurred in the amendments made thereto by the Senate.

And then, at a very late hour,
The House adjourned.


A letter received at Washington recently by a respectable gentleman, from a merchant in Vera Cruz, dated April 2, in which he remarked that the movements of the Mexican army towards Texas, would depend upon advices then expected from England, and which reached there very shortly afterwards; whereupon the signal for these operations was given, and the result is now before the world. It is argued from this strong fact, that Great Britain is an actor behind the scenes in this attempt of Mexico.


A New Orleans correspondent of the Baltimore Sun says, private letters received there from Gen. T. stated that he should leave five hundred men in his main entrenchment, and march with the remainder of the forces to Point Isabel.

==> We are rejoiced to learn, says the Union, by this evening’s mail, that Captain Seth B. Thornton, and Lieutenant Mason, with two dragoons, had arrived safe in Gen. Taylor’s camp.

Captain Thornton, discovering the ambuscade too late to retreat, had plunged gallantly through the enemy’s ranks, and cut his way with his own sword, with a boldness and intrepidity that is almost incredible. It seems he is not to be killed by accidents of flood or field. He is the same gentleman who so narrowly escaped when the Pulaski was blown up. He had the yellow fever several times in Florida, and has passed through many other hair breadth ’scapes.

When Gen. Worth left the camp, Captain Thornton asked him for his sword. The general buckled it upon him ; and when he heard yesterday of Captain T.’s gallantry, he exclaimed, "That was my sword. I knew it would never be disgraced in his hands. He is as noble and gallant a fellow ever held sword in hand."


Messrs. Savery &. Co., iron founders of Philadelphia, have received an order from the Government to supply at once one hundred tons of cannon halls.

==> We learn that three companies have been ordered from Fortress Monroe, to repair forthwith to the assistance of Gen. Taylor, and that they will be joined by two more companies, daily expected from Baltimore, making five in all. They will take their departure as soon as the necessary conveyance is offered. -- Herald.

==> The troops at Fort Mifflin, on the Delaware, have been ordered to the scene of war.

May 11 -- 2 P. M.

On the receipt of the news from Washington last night, the Mayor of Philadelphia published the following call for a


The President of the United States having made known to Congress that in his opinion the country has, by the failure of negotiation! with Mexico, and the attack by Mexican forces upon the troops of the United States, been placed in a state of war -- the undersigned, Mayor of the city, respectfully invites his fellow-citizens of the city and county to hold a public meeting in Independence Square on WEDNESDAY. 13th inst., at 4 P. M to express their opinion upon public affairs and to adopt such measures as are required by the emergency of the country -- and such as become citizens of this great Republic.

Philadelphia, May 12, 1846.

New York, May 11, 1846.

The city has not wanted for excitement since Saturday noon. Confidence in the army is felt by all, and no half way measures are now spoken of; the honor of the country is at stake, and parties have ceased on this point. The more active and energetic the measures of the President the greater will be his praise.

PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE. The greatest enterprise ever accomplished by Morse s Magnetic Telegraph was performed yesterday in transmitting, letter by letter, and word by word, exclusively for the "Baltimore Sun," the annexed message from the President of the United Stages to Congress, relative to our difficulties with Mexico. It was transmitted entire, as read in Congress yesterday, and was completed in the short space of two hours and a half. This is the first message or lengthy document ever transmitted in full on the Telegraph, and shows what it is capable of performing more than volumes of argument could possibly do.

Messrs. Editors: I am indebted to Messrs. Richie & Heiss, editors of the Union, for the following copy of the message.
To the Senate and
House of Representatives :

The existing state of relations between the United States and Mexico, renders it proper that I should bring the subject to the consideration of Congress. In my message at the commencement of your present session, the state of these relations and the causes which led to the suspension of diplomatic intercourse between the two countries in March, 1845, and the long continued and unredressed wrongs and injuries committed by the Mexican Government on citizens of the United Mates, on their persons and property, were briefly set forth.

As the facts and opinions which were then laid before you were carefully considered. I cannot better express my present convictions of the condition of affairs up to this time than by referring you to that communication. The strong desire to establish peace with Mexico on liberal and honorable terms, and the readiness of this Government to regulate and adjust our boundary, and other causes of difference with that power, on such fair and equitable principles as would lead to permanent relations of the most friendly nature, induced me in September last to seek a reopening of diplomatic relations between the two countries Every measure adopted on our part had for its object the furtherance of these desired results.

In communicating to Congress a succinct statement of the injury which we have suffered from Mexico, and which had been accumulated during the period of more than 20 years, every expression that could tend to inflame the people of Mexico, defeat or delay a pacific result, was carefully avoided. An Envoy of the United States repaired to Mexico, with full powers to adjust every existing difference, but though present on the Mexican soil by agreement between the two governments, invested with full powers, and bearing evidence of the most friendly dispositions, his mission has been unavailing. The Mexican government not only refused to receive him or listen to his propositions, but after a long continued series of menaces, have at last invaded our territory and shed the blood of our fellow-citizens on our own soil.

It now becomes my duty to state more in detail the origin, progress and failure of that mission. In pursuance of the instructions given in September last, an inquiry was made on the 13th of October, in 1845, in the most friendly terms, through our Consul in Mexico, of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, whether the Mexican Government would receive an Envoy from the United Slates, entrusted with full powers to adjust all the questions in dispute between the two governments, with the assurance that, should the answer be in the affirmative, such an Envoy would be immediately despatched to Mexico. The Mexican Minister, on the 15th of October, gave an affirmative answer to this inquiry, requesting, at the same time, that our naval force at Vera Cruz might be withdrawn, lest its continued presence might assume the appearance of menace and coercion pending the negotiations. This force was immediately withdrawn. On the 10th of November, 1845, Mr. John Slidell, of Louisiana, was commissioned by me as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States to Mexico and was entrusted with full powers to adjust both the question of the Texan boundary and of indemnification to our citizens. The redress of the wrongs of our citizens naturally and inseparably blended itself with the question of boundary. The settlement of the one question in any correct view of the subject, involved that of the other. I could not for a moment entertain the idea that the claims of our much injured and long suffering citizens, many of which had existed for more than twenty years, should be postponed or separated from the settlement of the boundary question.

Mr. Slidell arrived at Vera Cruz on the 30th of November, and was courteously received by the authorities of that city ; but the Government of Gen. Herrera was then tottering to its fall : the revolutionary party had seized upon the Texas question to effect or hasten its overthrow. Its determination to restore friendly relations with the United Stales, and to receive our Minister to negotiate for the settlement of this question, was violently assailed, and was made the great theme of denunciation against it. The Government of Gen. Herrera, there is good reason to believe, was sincerely desirous to receive our Minister, but it yielded to the storm raised by its enemies, and on the 21st of December refused to accredit Mr. Slidell, upon the most frivolous pretexts. These are so fully and ably expressed in the note of Mr. Slidell of the 24th of December last, to the Mexican Minister of Foreign Relations, herewith transmitted, that I deem it unnecessary to enter into further details on this portion of the subject.

Five days after the date of Mr. Slidell’s note, Gen. Herrera yielded the government to Gen. Paredes, without a struggle, and on the 30th of December resigned the Presidency. This revolution was accomplished solely by the army, the people having taken little part in the contest; and thus the supreme power of Mexico passed into the hands of a military leader. Determined to leave no effort untried to effect an amicable adjustment with Mexico, I directed Mr. Slidell to present his credentials to the government of Gen. Paredes, and asked to be officially received by him.
There would have been less ground for taking this step had Gen. Perades come into power by a regular constitutional succession. In that event his administration would have been considered but a mere constitutional continuance of the Government of General Herrera, and the refusal of the latter to receive our Minister would have been deemed conclusive, unless an intimation had been given by Gen. Perades of his desire to reverse the decision of his predecessor. But the Government of Gen. Paredes owes its existence to a military revolution by which the subsisting constitutional authorities had been subverted.

The form of government was entirely changed, as well as all the high functionaries by whom it was administered. Under these circumstances Mr. Slidell, in obedience to my directions, addressed a note to the Mexican Minister of Foreign Relations, under date of the 1st of March last, asking to be received by that government in the diplomatic character to which he had been appointed. The Minister, in his reply, under date of the 12th of March, reiterated the arguments of his predecessor, and in terms that may be considered as giving just grounds of offence to the government and people of the Untied States, denied the application of Mr. Slidell. Nothing, therefore, remained for our Envoy but to demand his passports, and return to his own country.

Thus the Government of Mexico, though solemnly pledged by official acts in October last to receive and accredit an American envoy, violated their pledge, their plighted faith, and refused the offer of the peaceful adjustment of our difficulties. Not only was the offer rejected, but the indignity of its rejection, enhanced by a manifest breach of faith in refusing to admit the envoy who came because they had bound themselves to receive him. Nor can it be said that the offer was fruitless from the want of opportunity of discussing it, as our envoy was present on their own soil. Nor can it be ascribed to a want of sufficient powers -- our envoy had full powers to adjust every question of difference. Nor was there room for complaint that our proposition (or settlement was unreasonable permission was not even given our envoy to make any proposition whatever. Nor can it be objected that we, on our part, would not listen to any reasonable terms of their suggestion ; the Mexican government refused all negotiations, and have made no proposition of any kind.

In my message at the commencement of the present session. I informed you that upon the earnest appeal, both of the Congress and Convention of Texas, I had ordered an efficient military force to take a position between the Neuces and the Del Norte. This had become necessary to meet a threatened invasion of Texas by the Mexicans, for which extensive military preparation had been made. The invasion was threatened solely because Texas had determined, in accordance with a solemn resolution of the Congress of the United States to annex herself to our Union, and under these circumstances it was plainly our duty to extend our protection over her citizens and soil. This force was concentrated at Corpus Christi and remained there until after I had received such information as rendered it probable that the Mexican government would not receive our envoy.

Meantime, Texas, by the final act of our Congress had become an integral part of our Union. The Congress of Texas, by its action of Dec. 19, 1836, had declared the Rio Del Norte to be the boundary of that Republic. Its jurisdiction had The country between that river and the Del Norte had been represented in the Congress and the Convention of Texas, had thus taken part in the act of Annexation itself, and is now included within one of our Congressional Districts. Our own Congress had moreover, with great unanimity, by the act approved Dec. 31st. 1845, recognized the country beyond the Nueces as a part of our territory by including it within our own revenue system, and a revenue officer to reside within that district has been appointed by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. It became therefore of urgent necessity to provide for the defense of that portion of our country. Accordingly on the 13th of January last instructions were issued to the General in command of these troops to occupy the left bank of the Del Norte.

This river, which is the south western boundary of the State of Texas, is an exposed frontier. From this quarter invasion has been threatened. Upon it, and in its immediate vicinity, in the judgment of high military experience, are the proper stations for the protecting forces of the Government.

In addition to this important consideration, several others occurred to induce this movement Among these are the facilities afforded by the ports of Brazos Santiago and the mouth of the Del Norte for the reception of supplies by sea, the stronger and more healthy military positions the convenience for obtaining a ready and more abundant supply of provisions, as water, fuel and forage, and the advantages which arc afforded by the Del Norte in forwarding supplies to such posts as may be established in the interior and upon the Indian frontier.

The movement of troops to Del Norte was made by the commanding General, under positive instructions to abstain from all aggressive acts towards Mexico or Mexican citizens, and to regard the relations between that Republic and the United States as peaceful, unless she should declare war or commit acts of hostility indicative of a state of war. He was especially directed to protect private property and respect personal rights.

The Army moved from Corpus Christi on the 11th of March, and on the 28th of that month arrived on the left bank of the Del Norte, opposite to Matamoras, where it encamped on a commanding position, which has since been strengthened by the erection of field works. A depot has also been established at Point Isabel, near the Brazos Santiago, 30 miles in the rear of the encampment. The selection of his position was necessarily confined to the judgment of the General in command.

The Mexican forces at Matamoras assumed a belligerent attitude on the 12th of April. Gen. Ampudia, then in command, notified General Taylor to break up his camp within 24 hours, and to retire beyond the Neuces river, and in the event of his failure to comply with these demands announced that arms and arms alone must decide the question. But no open act of hostility was committed until the 24th April. On that day Gen. Arista, who had succeeded to the command of the Mexican forces, communicated to General Taylor, that he considered hostilities commenced, and should prosecute them. A party of dragoons of 53 men and officers were on the same day despatched from the American camp up the Rio del Norte, on its left bank, to ascertain whether the Mexican troops had crossed or wore preparing to cross the river, became engaged with a large body of these troops, and after a short affair in which some 16 were killed and wounded, appear to have been surrounded and compelled to surrender. The grievous wrongs perpetrated by Mexico upon our citizens through out a long period of years remain unredressed ; and solemn treaties, pledging her public faith fur this redress have been disregarded. A government either unable or unwilling, to force the execution of such treaties, fails to perform one its plainest duties.

Our commerce with Mexico has been almost annihilated. It was formerly highly beneficial to both nations; but our merchants have been deterred from prosecuting it by the system of outrage and extortion which the Mexican authorities have pursued against them; whilst their appeals through their own government for indemnity have been made in vain. Our forbearance has gone to such an extreme as to be mistaken in its character. Had we acted with vigor in repelling the insults and redressing the injuries inflicted by Mexico at the commencement, we should doubtless have escaped all the difficultly in which we are now involved.

Instead of this, however, we have been exerting our best efforts to propitiate her good will, upon the pretext that Texas, a nation as independent as herself, thought proper to unite its destinies with our own. She has affected to believe that we have severed have severed her rightful territory, and in official proclamation, and in manifestoes, has repeatedly threatened to make war upon us for the purpose of reconquering Texas. In the meantime we have tried every effort at reconciliation. The cup of forbearance had been exhausted, even before the recent information from the frontier of the Del Norte. But now after reiterated menace. Mexico has passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory and shed American blood upon the American soil. -- She has proclaimed that hostilities have commenced, and that the two nations.are now at war. As war exists, and notwithstanding efforts to avoid it, exists by the act of Mexico herself, are called upon by every consideration of duty patriotism to vindicate with decision the honor the right, and the interests of our country.

Anticipating the possibility of a crisis like that which has arrived, instructions were given in August last, as a precautionary measure against invasion or threatened invasion, authorizing Gen Taylor, it the emergency required, to accept volunteers not from Texas only, hut from the States of Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee and Kentucky. And corresponding letters were addressed to the respective Governors of those States. These instructions were repeated, and in January last soon after the incorporation of Texas into our Union of States, Gen. Taylor was further authorized by the President to make a requisition upon the Executive of that State for such of its militia force as may be needed to repel invasion, or to secure the country against apprehended invasion.

On the second day of March he was again reminded in the event of the approach of any considerable Mexican force, promptly and efficiently to use the authority with which he was clothed to call to him such auxiliary force as he might need. War actually existing, and our territory having been invaded, Gen. Taylor, pursuant to authority invested in him, by my directions, has called on the Governor of Texas for 4 regiments to of State troops, two to be mounted and two to serve on foot; and on the Governor of Louisiana for 4 regiments of infantry, to be sent to him as soon an practicable.

In further vindication of our rights, and the defense of our territory, I invoke the prompt action of Congress, to recognize the existence of the war and to place at the disposition of the Executive the means of prosecuting the war with vigor, and thus hasten the restoration of peace. To this end I recommend that authority should be given to call into the public service a large body of volunteers to serve for not less than six or twelve months, unless sooner discharged.

A volunteer force, is, beyond question, more efficient than any other description of citizen soldiers ; and it is not to be doubted that a number far beyond that would readily rush to the field upon the call of their country. I further recommend, that a liberal provision be made for sustaining our entire military force and furnishing it with supplies and munitions of war.

Most energetic and prompt measures, and the immediate appearance in arms of a large and overpowering forces are recommended to Congress as the most certain and efficient means of bringing the existing collision with Mexico to a speedy and successful termination.

In making these recommendations, I deem it proper to declare that it is my anxious desire, not only to terminate hostilities, speedily, but to bring all matters between this government and Mexico to an early and amicable adjustment; and with this view I shall be prepared to renew negotiations whenever Mexico shall be ready to receive propositions or to make propositions of her own.

I transmit herewith a copy of the correspondence between our Envoy to Mexico and the Mexican Minister for Foreign Affairs, and so much of the correspondence between that Envoy and the Secretary of State, and between the Secretary of War and the General in command on the Del Norte, as are necessary to a full understanding of the subject.

JAMES K. POLK. Washington, May 11th, 1846.

Thursday, May 13, 2021

Pulp -- Planet Stories -- May 13, 2021

Fiction House published Planet Stories, a pulp, and Planet Comics. Both usually featured attractive women on their covers. Leigh Brackett and Ray Bradbury wrote two of the stories in this issue. 

Wednesday, May 12, 2021

Internet Archive 25 -- May 12, 2021

25 years ago today, on 12-May-1996, Brewster Kale founded the non-profit Internet Archive ( The Archive has been an indispensable tool for my websites and blogs. I keep telling people how lucky we are to live today with all of these resources available online.

Tuesday, May 11, 2021

Georgia Lynching Trials Explode -- May 11, 2021


Chicago Whip, 07-May-1921

The Chicago Whip was an African-American owned weekly newspaper. How much would you like to bet that no one got convicted? 


CAMILLA, GA., May 7— The much heralded and far flung trial of the alleged lynchers of James Roland began blowing up here last week when M. K. Boutwell, white, the first man to be tried, was acquitted after the jury had been out ten minutes. Immediately after the trial of Boutwell. Woll Reeves, white, was to be put on trial for the same offense.

Monday, May 10, 2021

Donovan 75 -- May 10, 2021



Singer/songwriter Donovan was born 75 years ago today, on 10-May-1946. I first heard "Mellow Yellow" on the radio around 1970 and thought it was pretty cool. 

Sunday, May 9, 2021

Mother's Day, 2021 -- May 9, 2021

Happy Mother's Day, everyone.  I'm grateful for my mother and my wife and my mother-in-law and sisters-in-law and cousins and friends. All excellent mothers.

I took the photo at Good Shepherd School in Pacifica on 05-October-2008, during the school's 40th anniversary celebration.

Daniel Berrigan 100 -- May 9, 2021


Time, 25-October-1971

Father Daniel Berrigan SJ, Jesuit priest and antiwar activist, was born 100 years ago today, on 09-May-1921. Daniel was probably the first Jesuit I knew anything about. Daniel and his brother Josephite Father Philip were leaders in the anti-Vietnam War movement. Daniel served six years in prison for his War protests with the Catsonville Nine. Daniel gave pastoral care to AIDS patients, who were often cut off by their families and their churches. 

 “Start with the impossible. Proceed calmly towards the improbable. No worry, there are at least five exits.”

Saturday, May 8, 2021

Battle of Palo Alto 175 -- May 8, 2021


Colmbian Fountain, 25-May-1846

175 years ago today, on 08-May-1846, forces of the United States and the Centralist Republic of Mexico met in the Battle of Palo Alto, the first major battle of the Mexican War, also called the Mexican-American War. General Zachary Taylor's outnumbered Army of Occupation defeated the Mexican Army of the North.

From the N. O. Bulletin, Extra, May 17.

The United States steamer Colonel Harney arrived 2 1/2 o'clock this morning, bringing as prisoners of war the Mexican General Vega, and Lieutenants Prada and Velez. Lieut. Colonel Martines, aid-de-camp to Gen. Vega, accompanied his chief voluntarily.

Though the principal facts by this arrival are in the newspapers of this morning, the subjoined letter, from a highly intelligent gentleman on the ground, gives so clear, circumstantial, and satisfactory statement of events since Gen. Taylor's departure from Point Isabel on the 7th, that we are induced to publish it. The accounts are brilliant beyond the most sanguine expectations; the triumph of American arms is complete; a vastly superior force is routed through a series of actions as brilliant as any on record, displaying in our brave handful of troops, and their illustrious commander, the very highest points of military courage, skill, and knowledge.

Correspondence of the N. O. Bulletin
Point Isabel, May 12, 1846

By the last departure I wrote you briefly of the operations of the army up to that time -- of the bombardment of the fort opposite Matamoras, and the movement of Gen. Taylor with the main body to this place, for the purpose of strengthening its defences. Having effected this, he marched without waiting for reinforcements, on the evening of the 7th, and on the 8th at 2 o'clock, found the enemy in position, in front of a chaprrel (chaparral - JT), which lies opposite to the timber of a stream called Palo Alto.

The train was closed up, the troops filled their canteens, and Gen. Tavlor promptly formed his line of battle as follows: on the right was Ringgold's battery, 5th and 3d infantry; then two eighteen pounders; then the artillery battalion. The left was composed of the 4th and 8th infantry, and Duncan's battery. A daring reconnaissance by Capt. J. E. Blake, showed the enemy's line to be of nearly twice the strength of ours, with heavy reserves in the chaparrel (chaparral - JT). The Mexicans opened the action with their artillery, the range of which was hardly great enough to reach our line, which was moving slowly forward, and some got into the thickets of their shot and halted. Their fire was returned from all our batteries, and I venture to say that no field of battle ever displayed such skill, or rapidity of fire and evolution.

The first and only important movement attempted by the enemy, was a detachment of their cavalry to make a detour around a clump of chaparrel on our right, and attack the train. Capt. Walker, of the Texas Rangers, promptly reported this, and the 5th Infantry was detached to meet it, which it did handsomely, receiving the lancers in square, and driving them by a well delivered volley. The cavalry then pushed on again for the train, and found the 3d Infantry advancing in columns of divisions upon them. They then retired, and as they repassed the 5th, they received a fire from Lieut. Ridgely's two pieces, which had arrived at the nick of time. Two field pieces which were following the enemy's cavalry, were also driven back with them.

Meanwhile the enemy's left was riddled by the eighteen pounders, which slowly advanced up the road -- Duncan's battery on the left neglecting the enemy's guns, threw their fire into the Mexican infantry, and swept whole ranks. The 8th Infantry on the left suffered severely from the enemy's fire. The grass was set on fire at the end of an hour's cannonading, and obscured the enemy's position completely, and an interval of three quarters of an hour occurred. During this period our right, now resting on the eighteen pounders, advanced along the wood, to the point originally occupied by the Mexican left, and when the smoke had cleared away sufficiently to show the enemy, the fire was resumed with increased rapidity and execution. Duncan divided his battery on the left, giving a section to Lieut. Roland, to operate in front, and with the other he advanced beyond the burning pass (which was three feet high, and the flames rolled ten feet in the strong breeze,) and seized the prolongation of the enemy's right, enfilading that flank completely. Night found the two armies in this position.

On the 9th, the general packed the heavy train, collected the enemy's wounded in hospital, buried their dead, arranged our own wounded, (among whom we have to regret the sudden death of Maj. Ringgold, and probably Capt. Page,) and moved on in pursuit of the enemy on the Matamoras road. They had taken post in the chapparrel the second time, occupying the bed of a stream called Resca de Palma, with their artillery on the road at the crossing. I have no time for details of this affair. The General brought up his troops by battalions and posted them, with brief orders to find the enemy with the bayonet, and placed the artillery where they could act in the road.

The dragoons were held in reserve, and as soon as the advance of our line had uncovered the Mexican batteries, Gen. Taylor told Capt. May that his time had come: " Here's the enemy's battery, sir, take it, nolensu volens (Whether the enemy is willing or unwilling - JT)." May dashed upon it with his squadron, and lost one third of it but he cleared the battery and captured its commander, Gen. Vega, in the act of raising a port-fire to fire a piece himself. May took his sword, and brought the General off. The enemy remanned the guns, and lost them a second time to the 5th infantry. Capt. Barbour, of the 3d infantry, with his single company and a few men from the 5th, who joined him in the chapparrel, threw his back against a clump of bushes and received and gallantly repelled a charge of cavalry. Capt. Duncan, with his battery, did terrible execution -- he is a most promising officer. Lieut. Ridgeley was also among the foremost. In truth, it was a series of brilliant skirmishes and heavy shocks, in which 1,500 fighting men met 6,000 hand to hand -- overwhelmed them with the precision of their vollies, and the steady coolness of the bayonet, and drove them from the field with the loss of their artillery, baggage, pack mules, fixed ammunition, and near 20,000 stands of muskets.

The fort, meanwhile, had been summoned, with true Mexican duplicity, and told that Taylor was flying. The Matamoras newspapers and official bulletins called him a cowardly tailor. In answer to the summons, the officers plunged their swords into the parapet, and replied "to the hilt." Up to the evening of the 9lh, 1500 shells, and 3000 shot had been thrown, and the only loss was that of the brave commander, Major Brown, and one serjeant (sergeant - JT), and one private killed, and 19 wounded.

The General returns to the army to-night, and will cross the river to-morrow or next day. The fort will be increased in guns, and especially provided with mortars, which will bring the town to terms at once. The navy will co-operate at the mouth of the river, and steamboats begin to carry supplies by that route. Gen. Taylor has just given Gen. Vega a latter to Gen. Gaines, and a letter of credit on his factor. -- The officers here and in the main body vied with their commander in delicate attentions to a brave and accomplished enemy, who won their admiration on the field, and was taken like a soldier in full harness, and fighting gallantly to the last. Our loss is about 30 killed and 140 wounded. In haste,
H. M.

Mexican loss at Palo Alto, set down by themselves, at 450 ; at Resacu de la Palma, 2,000 missing. Since the batlle, our dragoons have been exchanged, grade for grade; and the Mexican wounded sent over to Matamoras. By the next arrival, you will hear of the fall of the town, and probably an offer from them to receive Mr. Slidell in any capacity.

It ought to be mentioned that some of our regiments are full, and two of them only have about 300. Many instances occurred of men handing their canteens to the wounded Mexicans, and turning from them to fire upon others. There was not a single occurrence of cruelty towards the enemy. The morale of the army is at its highest. It can now accomplish anything, and they would die for a commander who does not ask-them to go where he is not willing to lead, and in whose judgment they fully confide.

The steamers Galveston and Augusta arrived at Brazos St. Jago, on the 12th, and were discharging when the Col. Harney left.

The steam schooner James Cage, left Brazos St. Jago in company with the Col. Harney, with despatches for Galveston ; consequently the next arrival to be looked for will be the steam ship Galveston.

The officers killed and wounded on the American side are as follows :

Major Ringgold, wounded, (since dead.) Capt. Page, wounded. Lieut. Luther, wounded.
May 12th.
Lieut. Inge, 2d dragoons, killed. Lieut. Cochran, 4th Lieut. Shadburne, 8th infantry, do. Lieut Col. M'Intosh, wounded. Lieut. Col. Payne, do. Capt. Montgomery, do. Capt. Hooe. do. Lieut. Gates, do. Lieut. Seldon, do. Lieut. M'Clure, do. Lieut. Burkank, do. Lieut. Jordan, do. Lieut. Fowler, do.

Number of non-commissioned officers and privates, not known.

Friday, May 7, 2021

Toonerville Trolley -- Last Week's Accident Might Have Been Serious -- May 7, 2021


Philadelphia Evening Public Ledger, 16-May-1921

I love Fontaine Fox's The Toonerville Trolley That Meets All the Trains.

Philadelphia Evening Public Ledger, 05-April-1921

Thursday, May 6, 2021

Langley Aerodrome No. 5, 125 Years -- May 6, 2021


Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution
By Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents · 1898

125 years ago today, on 06-May-1896, Professor Samuel P Langley, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, made two successful flights with his unmanned, steam-powered Aerodrome No. 5. This article from the 12-May-1896 Washington Evening Times, describes the successful tests. 

Professor Langley Succeeded in
Making a Long Flight.
He Will Next Send Up a Crew of
Three -- The Invention Given
Two Trials.

The big flying machine constructed by Prof. Langley of the Smithsonian Institution has made a successful half-mile flight.

He has been quietly conducting his momentous experiment, but bits of his secret are already cropping out.

Last Wednesday he and his assistants took their model down the Potomac to the quiet bay where they have hitherto conducted their experiments.

The machine was given two trials. At the first it flew 1,000 feet and was in the air one and one-half minutes. At the second it flew over half a mile.

The model is about four feet long, with a six-foot wing expansion. Prof. Langley believes he is now nearly ready to build a practical flying machine large enough to carry a crew of three and to make an extended flight.

It is estimated that the construction should not be undertaken with less than a fund of $100,000.

Prof. Alexander Graham Bell, it is understood, has been supplying a large share of the money for the experimental work, in which not less than $50,000 has already been expended.

At the close of open-air work last year Prof. Langley's machine had made a flight of about 300 feet, but it was easily overturned by cross air currents.

This difficulty has been so nearly overcome by automatic appliances that it is reported the machine is practically perfected. If Prof. Langley should inform Congress that he had solved the problem and wanted money to build a machine he might get it.

By James R Hansen · 1898

Wednesday, May 5, 2021

Happy Cinco de Mayo, 2021 -- May 5, 2021

Happy Cinco de Mayo everyone. General Ignacio Zaragoza Seguín led the Mexican army which defeated the French invaders at the Battle of Puebla in 1862.

"The national arms have been covered with glory" General Zaragoza wrote in a letter to President Benito Juárez. Some people credit this defeat with preventing French interference in the US Civil War.

Monday, May 3, 2021

Krazy Kat -- And Now I Discover the Law of Love -- May 3, 2021


Washington Times, 03-May-1921

I love George Herriman's Krazy Kat. Various laws are discussed in this installment. Click on the image to see a larger version.

Washington Times, 03-June-1918

Saturday, May 1, 2021

There is Power in a Union -- May 1, 2021


Today is International Workers' Day. God bless the grocery workers, the transit operators, the medical workers, the janitors, the farm workers who have kept working during this pandemic. We owe them a great debt.

May 2021 Version of the Cable Car Home Page -- May 1, 2021


Street Railway Journal, June, 1893

The Cable Car Home Page will be 25 years old in November.

I just put the May, 2021 version of my Cable Car Home Page on the server:

It includes some new items:
1. Picture of the Month: Market Street Railway manufactured its own wire ropes at the Market and Valencia powerhouse using this scary-looking piece of machinery. (Source: "San Francisco, the Birthplace of the Cable Railway" by Charles B Fairchild, Street Railway Journal, June, 1893)
2. On the Cable Car Lines in San Francisco page: "San Francisco, the Birthplace of the Cable Railway," by Charles B Fairchild, >The Street Railway Journal, June, 1893. A detailed article about transit in San Francisco.
3. On the Cable Car Lines in Ohio page: A ten year update about Cincinnati's Vine Street Cable Railway, including an image of and excerpt about the corner of Fifth and Walnut Streets, where many lines, cable, electric and horse, came together.
4. Added News item about the pandemic and the potential return of the cable cars

Ten years ago this month (May, 2011):
1. The picture of the month: Vine Street Cable Railway car 258 is shown at Vine and Molitor Streets in Cincinnati, with a grip on display
2. On the new Cable Car Lines in Ohio page: A new article about Cincinnati's Vine Street Cable Railway.
3. Added News and Bibliography items about a Powell/Hyde shutdown and the passing of gripman Floyd Moore

Twenty years ago this quarter (Spring, 2001):
1. Picture of the Quarter: Will Clark riding on cable car
2. Add more items to the Kitsch page, including stamps and magazine advertisements.
3. Add Selected articles from Manufacturer and Builder Magazine (1880-1884) to the Miscellany page.
4. Update How Do Cable Cars Work? page. Changed images to thumbnails. Added girder rail image from Randy Hees and other new images.
5. Bob Murphy provided a photograph of the Gertrude Street Cable Winding House, which I added to the Melbourne article. Peter Vawser provided additional information about Melbourne cable tramways.
6. Add links to Kavanaugh Transit site, North American Vintage Trolley Systems and many others.
7. Add News and Bibliography items about a truck knocking down Seattle's Iron Pergola.
8. Add News and Bibliography items about Angel's Flight runaway accident. Also updated the Los Angeles Area Funiculars page.
9. Move Kalakala article to my ferry web site.
10. Change toy cable car picture on the main page to car 51.
11. Move "The Los Angeles Cable Railway" article from Scientific American (courtesy of Tom Ehrenreich) to another server.

Coming in June, 2021:

 On the Cable Car Lines in Ohio page: A ten year update on Cincinnati's Mount Auburn Cable Railway.

125 years ago this month:

May 01 - The Portland Cable Railway was cut back to the trestle.
May 27 - A cyclone tore the roof of the powerhouse of the Peoples' Railway of Saint Louis

75 years ago this month:

May 20 - The San Francisco Municipal Railway raised its basic fare from $0.07 to $0.10.

The Cable Car Home Page now has a Facebook page: