Monday, January 21, 2019

Happy Birthday, Dr King, 2019 -- January 21, 2019

"Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity." -- Martin Luther King, Jr.  

Eric Brown 100 -- January 21, 2018

http://astrotalkuk.org
Captain Eric Brown, CBE, RN was born 100 years ago today, on 21-January-1919.  He was a Fleet Air Arm pilot who was one of the great test pilots of the Twentieth Century.  He holds records for things like most aircraft carrier takeoffs and landings (2,407 and 2,271) and having flown the greatest variety of airplanes (487).  People like to point out that the 487 includes only one entry for the Spitfire while he flew 14 different marks of the Spitfire and the Seafire.  He flew the rocket powered Me 163 and lived to tell about it.



Saturday, January 19, 2019

New York the Wonder City -- January 19, 2019


The Statue of Liberty is featured on the cover of a travel brochure.

Some people feel that images of Lady Liberty are insulting to our so-called president.


Thursday, January 17, 2019

New Orleans -- Fly Eastern Air Lines -- January 17, 2019

Eastern Air Lines (that is how they spelled it) encouraged people to fly to New Orleans.

Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Nation Goes Dry! -- January 16, 2019

Seattle Star, 16-January-1919
When the state of Nebraska approved the 18th Amendment 100 years ago today, the amendment was ratified and it became part of the constitution of the United States.  

NATION GOES DRY!
AMENDMENT GOES IN EFFECT IN YEAR


Prohibition Amendment Is 18th Added to Constitution of U. S.

The prohibition amendment is the eighteenth added to the federal Constitution taken for ratification follow:
Provisions of the 18 amendments with the length of time
-- First 10 amendments, known as the "bill of rights," provided guarantees, such as free speech; ratified in nine months
-- Eleventh amendment established sovereignty of states; ratified in four years.
-- Twelfth amendment changed method of presidential election; ratified in one year.
-- Thirteenth amendment prohibited slavery; ratified In slightly less than a year.
-- Fourteenth amendment made negroes citizens; ratified in two years.
-- Fifteenth amendment enfranchised negroes on same bases as white persons; ratified in one year.
-- Sixteenth amendment allowed congress to levy income tax; ratified in three and a half years.
-- Seventeenth amendment provides for popular election of senators. ratified in slightly less* than a year.
-- Eighteenth amendment makes country dry; ratified in one year and four weeks.

About one hundred amendments have been proposed in congress, but only four besides those ratified were submitted to the states.

WASHINGTON. Jan. 16. -- Prohibition became part of the basic law of the United States today. Ratification of the federal amendment by the Nebraska legislature makes that measure the eighteenth amendment to the federal constitution.

All but a half dozen of the 48 states are expected to adopt the amendment In the next few weeks, but the action of Nebraska today gives the ratification of three-fourths of the states, the number necessary to administer "John Barleycorn" the knockout punch.

Effective In Year

One year from today every saloon, brewery, distillery and wine press in the land must close its doors unless, as now seems likely, they are already closed at that time by war prohibition which goes into effect next July 1. and stays until completion of demobilization.

While the federal amendment will not go into effect for a year, the country may be dry from July 1, 1919, on.

On that day. the war prohibition measure is to go into effect. That law provides that it is to stay in effect until demobilization of the American forces. Demobilization is not expected to be completed till after the federal amendment goes in force. Thus, unless congress now repeals the war measure, the country will be dry permanently, beginning July 1.

The amendment which outlaws liquor In this country reads:
"Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article, the manufacture, sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof, for beverage purposes, are hereby prohibited.
"Section 2. The congress and the several states have the concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
"Section 3. The article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the constitution by the legislatures of the several states as provided by the constitution within seven years of the date of submission hereof to the states by congress."

This is the amendment adopted by congress December 18, 1917, and ratified by 36 states a little more than one year later.

And here are some of the things that the amendment will do:
Wipe out at a stroke 236 distilleries. 992 breweries, and over 300,000 saloons and wholesale liquor establishments. forcing their employes to seek other jobs.

Cut off from these persons annual incomes totaling more than $70,000,000 in pre-war times.

Cut off from the United States treasury a source of taxation counted upon for an even billion dollars in the first drafts of the new revenue bill and millions in additional incomes to state treasuries.

Remove the liquor question from national, state and city politics for all time and keep decreasing city, state and federal expense by decreasing law violations.

The fight on liquor, triumphant to-day, is as old as the constitution itself.

"A Crank Notion"

It raised its head early in the Nineteenth century and was looked upon as "another crank notion."

But it gathered strength. Churches took it up, doctors followed, and then came organizations of anti-liquor societies and the Anti-saloon league and others.

In the middle of the Nineteenth century Maine went dry. Kansas followed. At the end of the civil war the little band of anti-slave agitators who had won their fight seriously considered turning to the prohibition battle. William Lloyd Garrison and the poet, Whittier.

About 1909 came the "militant" stage in the person of Carrie Nation of Kansas, probably the most picturesque figure the fight ever developed.

Ten years later the crusade against liquor had grown from the "ravings of cranks" to an irresistable movement that swept the country.

But John Barleycorn will try to stage a "comeback." Distillers are already planning a fight on the ground that it was not adopted by two-thirds of the whole congress, and that the seven-year limitation in it invalidates the measure.

Drys say they are confident that neither of these contentions will hold, and on their side are preparing legislation carrying heavy penalties for violation of prohibition. A special agency in the internal revenue bureau will probably be asked.

The 36 states ratifying the amendment are:
Mississippi, Virginia, Kentucky, North Dakota, South Carolina, Maryland, Montana, Texas, Delaware, South Dakota, Massachusetts, Arizona, Georgia, Louisiana, Florida, Michigan, Ohio, Oklahoma, Maine, Idaho, West Virginia, Washington, Tennessee, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, North Carolina, Alabama, Kansas, California, Colorado, Iowa, Oregon, Utah, New Hampshire and Nebraska.

Congressional dry leaders, informed by the United Press of the ratification by the 36th state, were jubilant.

Representative Randall, California and Senator Sheppard, Texas, leaders in the fight for the amendment announced its ratification when house and senate met

The next step, they announced, will be preparation of a new code of laws to make prohibition effective. This will include new criminal statutes for punishing violators.

Sheppard said developments of his code will probably have to await the arising of conditions induced by prohibition.

He and other dry leaders, however will prepare laws covering prohibition and will endeavor to have this passed by the time prohibition becomes effective a year from today.

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Boston Molasses Disaster -- January 15, 2019

Ottowa Free Trader-Journal, 15-January-1919
It sounds like a joke, but the Boston Molasses Disaster killed 25 people and injured about 150.  

30 KILLED IN BOSTON EXPLOSION OF MOLASSES
NEIGHBORHOOD IS FLOODED BY SYRUP

Boston, Jan. 15. -- "Thirty persons were killed and at least fifty injured today when a huge molasses tank exploded on Atlantic avenue, near North End park. Three buildings were demolished, the elevated structure partially wrecked, and the North End pier shoved into the harbor by the force of the terrific explosion.

The estimate of the number of dead and injured was made by Fire Chief McDonough.

Thousands oi tons of molasses were thrown into the air, covering neighboring buildings and a pall of dense smoke clouded the upper harbor. The explosion occurred when a large number of workmen employed in the city yards were eating their lunches. Stunned by the deafening roar the men were thrown to the ground and covered by molasses and falling timber before they had an opportunity to escape.

Buildings were lifted from their foundations and flung onto the elevated structure. Passing automobiles were caught up and twisted about lamp posts. Molasses covered everything.

Within a few minutes after the explosion the men of the United States training ship Nantucket, tied up at the North End pier, were on tho scene. Assisted by the crew of an ammuniiion lighter they threw a guard around the devastated district.

A company of U. S. guards arrived later and with fixed bayonets held back the crowd. Sailors and soldiers assisted by ihe police and firemen waded into the molasses to rescue the wounded and drag out the hodies of the dead.

Wounded and dead alike were covered with molasses and in many cases were buried under piles of timber.

The tank that exploded is said to have contained 2,000,000 gallons of molasses.

According to the authorities the explosion was due to alcohol gas gene-rated by the molasses.

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Grizzly Bear Rag -- January 13, 2018

www.coverbrowser.com
In 1910, George Botsford published "The Grizzly Bear Rag."  I don't know much about him, but I like the cover illustration.

Friday, January 11, 2019

Comic Book -- Captain Midnight -- January 11, 2019

mutoscope.listal.com
Forty-five years ago this month, in January, 1944, Captain Midnight was breaching Hitler's fortress.

Captain Jim Albright was a brave aviator who served in the American Expeditionary Force during World War One. He earned the name Captain Midnight when he returned from a critical mission at the stroke of midnight.

I remember reading about Captain Midnight in Jim Harmon's The Great Radio Heroes. The show began as a fifteen-minute daily radio serial in 1938. Soon after, the Captain and his Secret Squadron were fighting Axis villains. In 1942, the Captain appeared in a syndicated comic strip, a Fawcett comic book, and a Columbia movie serial. The radio show ended in 1949. In 1954-1957, he appeared in a television series.

I heard some episodes played on Gene Nelson's show on KSFO and elsewhere.

When I read Harmon's description of the many premiums available to radio listeners, badges, medals, games and especially decoders, I wanted to get them, but I couldn't figure out how. I think that chapter prompted my interest in cryptography.

Thursday, January 10, 2019

The Ballpark to Be Named Later -- January 10, 2019


When it opened in 2000, the Giants' new ballpark was called Pac Bell Park.  SBC (Southwestern Bell) took over Pacific Bell.  The ballpark became SBC Park in 2004.  ATT took over SBC and the ballpark became AT&T Park in 2006.

The sponsorship deal originally signed with Pac Bell expired at the end of last year and the ballpark will now be called Oracle Park.  I will use the name as little as possible.

I wish teams did not feel the need to sell the names of their ballparks.

Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Pulp -- War Aces -- January 9, 2019

mutoscope.listal.com
This cover of War Aces features an aviator strafing a German machine gun position in the roof of a ruined house.

The title of one of the stories refers to Max Immelmann, the Eagle of Lille, the first German flying ace, who was killed on 18-June-1916, at the age of 25. He scored his first confirmed victory in 1915, flying a Fokker Eindecker. He received the highest military medal, the Pour le Mérite, on 12-January-1916. Immelmann became very popular in Germany and was the subject of much propaganda. On 18-June-1916, Immelmann led a flight of Eindeckers against a flight of British observation planes. The British said that they shot him down, while the Germans claimed he fell to friendly fire.

Monday, January 7, 2019

Steamer San Benito on the Rocks -- January 7, 2019

San Francisco Call, 23-November-1896
William A Coulter did many maritime drawings for the San Francisco Call. The Pacific Improvement Company was a subsidiary of the Southern Pacific Railroad.

LOSS OF THE SAN BENITO
The Steamship Wrecked on the Beach Near Point Arena.
EIGHT MEMBERS OF THE CREW DROWNED.
Eleven Are Rescued and Twenty-Four Still Cling to the Rigging.
FUTILE ATTEKPTS TO EFFECT THEIR RESCUE.
Heavy Seas Break the Vessel in Twain and Sweep Over the Unfortunates.

POINT ARENA, Cal., Nov. 22.— The Pacific Improvement Company's steel screw steamship San Benito was driven ashore two miles north of the Point Arena light by a gale at 1 o'clock this morning. Eight of the crew were lost, eleven reached the shore and the rest, twenty-four in number, are clinging to the rigging, swept each minute by the charging surf. The names of the known dead are:

O. W. SCOTT, first assistant engineer.
C. CONDON, second assistant engineer.
M. PENDERGAST, fireman.
M. SHERIDAN, messboy.

The steamer struck on the sand beach and after breaking in two the stern swung around and now lies about 500 feet from the beach, stern in shore. The forward part, on which the crew clings, lies broadside to the sea about 100 feet north of the afterpart of the ship and a little farther out.

Part of the men are in the rigging of the foremast and some are on the wheelhouse. The poor fellows in the rigging can be seen moving up and down in their efforts to keep warm, for they are kept wet by continual clouds of spray dashing upon them, and the cold north wind blowing on them would chill anyone not a seaman in a very short time. The latest reports from the wreck are that the men are still hanging on and eagerly watching for the expected tug which they think will surely be sent by the owners of the vessel. The people on shore have built great fires from wood gathered on the beach, so a bright light is cast onto the wreck.

The San Benito, Captain Smith, left Tacoma on Wednesday afternoon with a cargo of 4000 tons of coal for San Francisco. It encountered head winds all the way down and the crew did not see land until Saturday. Then a heavy rain fell. They could not see any distance from the ship, but from the log believed they had passed Point Arena.

At 1 o'clock this morning the steamship struck suddenly north of Point Arena lighthouse and immediately blew its whistle for assistance. The surf was very high, seas breaking over the ship, which almost instantly broke in the middle, just back of the smokestack. The crew, in charge of First Assistant Engineer Scott, launched a boat containing nine men, but it was swamped immediately and only four reached the shore, nearly exhausted. Three of the survivors started inland and came to the house of O. W. Davis, who aroused the neighbors and hastened to the scene of the wreck after sending a man to the town of Point Arena, seven miles distant, for help.

San Francisco Call, 23-November-1896
George Christopher, a fireman, jumped overboard immediately after the ship struck, and after a hard struggle reached shore and started for the lighthouse, whose light he could see as the storm had suddenly ceased. He had been told a life-saving crew was stationed there, but when he came to Garcia River, which was swollen by rain, he could not pass. He went to the ranch of Thomas Kenney, who at once hitched up a team and started for town, with Christopher and another survivor, Narciso Layva, who had also reached the house. Everybody in Point Arena was aroused, and soon, after daylight the beach was covered with men anxious to help.

The boat that was swamped came ashore in good condition and the men on the beach tried to reach the stranded steamer in it, but failed. Meanwhile the steamer Point Arena came into port at Point Arena and landed its passengers, and then steamed to the wreck to render assistance. A boat was put off from her and after two hours' hard work and many narrow escapes, it succeeded in getting Chief Engineer Wood and five others off the rigging and putting them aboard the Point Arena. They tried a number of times to reach the wreck again, but failed.

About 10 o'clock one of the sailors was washed from the rigging into the sea, and after a hard battle of twenty minutes the men from shore waded in and pulled him ashore, more dead than alive. Dr. Gallison, from Point Arena, was on hand and took charge of him. The water along the beach is very muddy from the current out of Garcia River and Brush Creek, which makes it difficult to keep afloat.

At 2 o'clock the steamer Weeott came up and after trying to assist found she could do nothing, so steamed back to the port at Point Arena and landed her gun for throwing life-lines, which was started overland at once to the scene of the disaster. The watcher on shore tried to send a line over the wreck by shooting from shotguns and rifles, but without success.

About 4 p. m. a very large wave washed over the wreck, and it is believed that three men were washed overboard. One was pulled back onto the wreck, but the other sank.

The scene was heartrending. Men, women and children remained on the beach since daylight without eating. Kind-hearted farmers brought provisions and milk for all, though none cared to touch a morsel. Men were shouting, women wringing their hands and crying, every one trying to do or suggest something, but all of no avail. The men who have been rescued can give no definite cause for the ship's getting so far out of her course, and ail questioning will only bring the same answer: "I don't know." Captain Smith and his officers, except the chief engineer, who is on the Point Arena, are still on the wreck, and until they can be seen nothing definite can be learned.

Farmers who beard the steamer whistling for help say they plainly saw the headlight of the steamer and the light from the lighthouse. One of the firemen says the first officer was on the bridge and that Captain Smith was below when the steamer struck, but until the excitement is over nothing can be definitely known.

The steamer Weott's gun for throwing lifelines arrived at sundown, but it proved no better than the shotguns and rifles, and no line has reached the unfortunates yet.

Great indignation is expressed by those on shore at the seeming indifference of the owners, as they could have had a tug here by dark with everything necessary to rescue the poor fellows.

So far not a body has been washed ashore. The town of Point Arena is deserted, and there are at least 300 people at the scene of the wreck, who will watch all night, ready to risk their lives to succor the men in the rigging. The crew of the boat from Point Arena who risked their lives to-day are all heroes, and Messrs. Caughey, Lazarus, Cunningham and Lighthouse-keeper Brownhead and an Indian, who launched the boat in the surf, although they were unsuccessful deserve medals for their bravery, for few life-saving crews would have risked their lives as they did to-day.

The steamers Point Arena, Weott and Alcazar are still lying as close to the wreck as possible, waiting until it will not be positive suicide to send their boats into the doomed vessel. The survivors who are on shore will not leave the beach, and have hardly tasted food since being rescued, as they say the food would choke them should they eat while their comrades are suffering within speaking distance.

Another party just arrived says the land watchers are wide-awake and the poor fellows still in the rigging. They do not think any one has been washed off since dark, as the tide has gone out and the spray does not dash as high, but a heavy sea is still running.

The rescued men still refuse to talk or give any opinion. It is apparent that they do not intend to injure anyone by saying anything until they can see some of their superior officers.

POINT ARENA, Cal., Nov. 23.— A man just come from the wreck (at 1:30 o'clock) says the men have all cone from the rigging into the pilot-house. The sea is still very rough. He heard a cry of "Man overboard!" just before he left, but could see nothing. All three steamers are on duty yet outside.

The men are now working here in a blacksmith shop making bolts to shoot from a gun to take a line across the wreck. They think they can get a line across before daylight. Big fires are kept going at the wreck.

HISTORY OF THE SAN BENITO.
Went Ashore Once Before in Almost the same Place.

The long predicted southeaster got in its work yesterday. Reports from various points between Cape Flattery and the Golden Gate have been one continuous tale of disaster, but never before has it struck so near home. Wreckage has drifted ashore at Astoria, and the general opinion is that some big American ship has gone down. An immense amount of timber has been passed through, and among it was the remains of a fore-and-aft schooner. Neither vessel has been identified, and the chances are that their names will not be known until they are so long overdue as to be given up as lost.

San Francisco Call, 23-November-1896
The Umatilla went onto the rocks near Port Townsend, the Arago was lost at Coos Bay, and now the San Benito is a total loss on the rocks two miles from the Point Arena light.

The San Benito went ashore while a hurricane from the southeast was blowing; there was a thick fog and the rain poured down in torrents. The moon was at its full, but nevertheless was of very little assistance, as its rays could not pierce the atmosphere that surrounded the doomed ship. Leaving Tacoma last Wednesday night or Thursday morning, the steamer probably had fair weather for twenty-four hours and then ran into the southeaster that swept over the City on Saturday night. Just how Captain Smith managed to get out of his course and allow his vessel to go ashore above Point Arena remains to be told.

The following is a list of the crew of the collier on the last payroll, October 20. The officers and the men of the engineering department are the same now as then, with the possible exception of one or two firemen and seamen:

Captain. William Smith.
Chief officer, R. Zolling.
Second officer, J. Swan.
Third officer, C. Zale.
Seamen — A. White, G. Johnson, C. Blanberg, C. Jansen, J. Perry, J. Benson, J. A. Barclay, O. Bemens, N. Nilgon, H. Fehm, T. E. Foster.
Chief cook, J. W. Wilson.
Second cook, J. J. Wilson.
Messboy, M. Sheridan.
vVaiters— C. Meyers, J. Sheeran, F. Dean.
Engine Department— Chief engineer, L. W. Wood.
First assistant engineer, O. W. Scott.
Second assistant engineer, C. Condon.
Third assistant engineer, T. Cleary.
Water-tenders— W. H. Jeffs, J. McKeon, J. Ward.
Storekeeper — W. Sloan.
Firemen— J. McDavid, B. Fahey, M. Pendergast, G. Christopher, J. Reilly, F. Fahey, H. Jackson, J. Walsh.
Coal-passers — C. Brown, N. Leyva, W. Sheehan, N. Fitzgerald, M. Fernandez, M. Kelly.

This makes a crew of forty-three men. Many of them are married.

The San Benito carried a cargo of 5000 tons of Carbon Hill coal consigned to the Southern Pacific Railroad Company. She was bound from Tacoma to San Francisco, and usually made three trips a month between these ports. The Carbon Hill Coal Company is one of the smaller wheels within the large wheel of the Southern Pacific Company. The San Benito usually made the down trip in three days, and according to this reckoning she left Tacoma some time last Thursday.

The San Benito mases the fourth ship lost in the last few years by the Pacific Improvement Company. The others were the Tacoma, built by the Cramps, which went ashore on her first round trip after rounding the Horn ; the San Pedro, which went ashore in November, 1891, on Brotchey Ledge, Vancouver Island, while in charge of an English pilot, and the San Pablo, which went down while chartered on the China run.

The San Benito was rigged as a three-masted schooner and was of 3789 tons gross burden. She was built in Scotland in 1884, and when launched was called the Kimberly. For some time she ran in the South African trade, and later was sent across the Atlantic with a general cargo for Philadelphia. She went ashore in a hurricane and C. P. Huntington bought the wreck for $500. The Kimberly was taken to Newport News and there was renamed the San Benito, and when launched again the American flag flew at her mizzen. She came around the Horn in 1889 with a cargo of cement and oil, and ever since has been carrying coal from Puget Sound for the Southern Pacific Railroad Company.

Once before the San Benito was ashore in almost precisely the same position and in the same place as she is now. On that occasion she got off, but Captain Colville, who was then in command, failed to report the matter to the Inspectors of Hulls and Boilers. In consequence, when the annual inspection took place, the dents in the bottom plates were found and the story came out. As a result Captain Colville was suspended and Captain William Smith took his place.

San Francisco Call, 23-November-1896
Captain Smith has been connected with several unlucky ships, but this is the first time he has ever had an accident scored against him. In the old days he was master of the British ship Barnard Castle. Soon after he left that vessel she crashed onto Race Rock and became a total loss. Next Captain Smith went as third officer of the steamer Wellington, and later was made master of the San Mateo. From that steamer he was transferred to the San Benito, and had been captain of her up to the time of the disaster.

Chief Engineer I. W. Wood has had a really remarkable experience while in the employ of the Pacific Improvement Company. He came around the Horn in the Tacoma, and was in the engineer's department when that vessel was lost. He was first assistant engineer of the San Pablo when that vessel went ashore, and was chief engineer of the San Pedro when it was wrecked on the rocks at the entrance to the harbor of Victoria, B. C. Now he is chief of the San Benito when she is being dashed to pieces on the rocks near Point Arena. Chief Engineer Wood is a nephew of Captain Charles Goodall of Goodall, Perkins and Co.

First Assistant Scott and Second Assistant Condon are both well Known in marine circles, but this will be their first experience in a shipwreck. Chief Officer Zolling and Second Officer Swan have been with the San Benito for years and are two of the most careful officers who sail out of the Golden Gate.

The San Benito was 340 feet long, 41 feet 2 inches broad and 17 feet 7 inches deep. The managing owner was F. S. Douty, secretary of the Pacific Improvement Company. The wrecker Whitelaw left for the scene of the wreck last night and Manager Schwerin of the Southern Pacific went along to see what could be done to salve the doomed steamer.

The Condon family have been very unfortunate, as among the drowned is Second Assistant Condon, whose father was chief engineer of the Bertha. Last year, when the steamer was on her way to Alaska, Condon Sr. was washed overboard and drowned. The brother of the two men who lost their lives at sea is chief engineer of the Spreckels tug Reliance.


Sunday, January 6, 2019

Theodore Roosevelt 100 Years -- January 6, 2018

Webster City Freeman, 06-January-1919
Former president Theodore Roosevelt died at his family home, Sagamore Hill, near Oyster Bay, New York 100 years ago today, on 06-January-1919.  He was only 60 years old.  Vice President Thomas R Marshall said "Death had to take him in his sleep, for if he was awake there'd have been a fight."

ROOSEVELT IS DEAD!

(By the ASSOCIATED PRESS)

New York, Jan 6 -- Theodore Roosevelt died suddenly and unexpectedly this morning at 4:15 o'clock at Oyster Bay.

Heart trouble, superinduced by inflammatory rheumatism, from which he had suffered a long time, caused the death of the former president. 

He suffered a sudden attack New Year's day and had been ill since. News of the death of Colonel Roosevelt was first received in New York by Miss Josephine Striker in a telephone message from Mrs. Roosevelt. Mr. Roosevelt died in this sleep, no one being present with him at the time.

EX-PRESIDENT THEODORE ROOSEVELT DIES IN HIS SLEEP EARLY TODAY AT HIS HOME ON SAGAMORE HILL -- FOUND BY HIS WIFE

(BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS)

Oyster Bay, N. Y., Jan. 6. -— Colonel Theodore Roosevelt died in his sleep early today at his home on Sagamore Hill.

The colonel suffered a serious attack of rheumatism and sciatica on New Year's day, but none believed his illness likely to prove fatal.

The former president sat up most of Sunday and retired late last night. At about 4 o'clock, Mrs. Roosevelt, who was the only member of the Roosevelt family at home, went to his room and found him dead.

Blood Clot on Lung.

Pulmonary embolism -— enlargement of the lung from a clot of blood -— was the cause of death.

Mrs. Roosevelt sent a telegram to Colonel Ender, cousin of the former president, and he came to the Roosevelt home immediately. Telegrams were immediately dispatched to the colonel's children in other parts of the country.

Two Sons in Service.

Two sons -— Major Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., and Captain Kermit Roosevelt —- are in service abroad. Captain Archie Roosevelt and wife left New York last night for Boston, where his wife's father is seriously ill. Mrs. Ethel Derby is in Akin, South Carolina.

Telegrams Pour In.

Telegrams of condolence and even pithy have been pouring in from all parts of the country today, as news of the death of the former president became known.

The former president came home to Sagamore Hill from Roosevelt hospital Christmas day, but a week later suffered an attack of rheumatism and sciatica, affecting his right hand.

Three physicians attended the ex-president at Roosevelt hospital when he was taken there seven weeks ago. They were: J. A. Faller, Oyster Bay, and J. H. Richard and John H. Hartwell of New York.

Sorrow General.

Washington, D. C-, Jan. 6. -— Flags were lowered to half mast at the White House, the capital and on all public buildings upon the announcement this morning of the death of Colonel Theodore Roosevelt.

Secretary Daniels and General March ordered flags to fly at half-mast on every ship on shore duty and at army posts and camps at home and abroad.

The death of Colonel Roosevelt as a shock to all citizens. Regretat the passing of a great figure was heard on every hand. Profound sorrow is felt by many who knew him personally and political friends and those antagonistic to him joined in expressions of regret.

Workmen on a new building here were quickly heard to be discussing his death.

Died About 4:15.

Oyster Bay, N, Y., Jan. 6. -— The time of the death of Colonel Roosevelt was about 4:15.

A minute «r two before, Sam Amos, young colored man, who has been the former president's attendant since he left the White House, noticed that he was breathing heavily and went to summon Mrs. Roosevelt, but when he returned with her, he was dead.

His Last Illness.

New York, Jan. 6. — Colonel Roosevelt suffered an attack of pulmonary embolism, which nearly cost him his life three weeks before in Roosevelt hospital, which he left for his home on Christmas day. the day before Christmas, before leaving the hospital here, he felt fine.

Miss Josephine Striker, his private secretary, said that Mr. Roosevelt suffered a slight pain intermittently, but that his illness was far from serious. So much improved was his condition that Mrs. Roosevelt, who at the beginning remained with her husband, was implored by him to rest. She went to their home at Sagamore Hill, returning several times a week, bringing him table delicacies.

Two separate blood/ tests confirmed the decision that the Colonel was free from any organic disease. His only trouble was rheumatism. This primarily affected his left leg but at times affected his hand and arm.

On the Sunday previous to his departure for home he dictated articles for the Kansas City Star and other papers. He ate well and slept like a child.

His last illness was in February, when he was taken from Oyster Bay to Roosevelt hospital when he suffered an operation on his ear.
Lived Wonderful Life.

Theodore Roosevelt, aged 60, the 26th president of the United States, was born in New York City Oct. 27, 1858, his ancestors being Dutch on the paternal side and Scotch-Irish on the maternal side.

He graduated from Harvard university in 1880. From 1882 to 1884 he was a member of the legislature of his state and gained wide reputation because of his work for reforms. In 1884, at the age of 26 years, he was chairman of the New York republican delegation to the national convention and two years later was the republican candidate for mayor of New York City. In 1880 he was appointed by President Harrison as a member of the national civil service commission and served as president of the board until 1895, when he resigned to accept the presidency of the board of police commissioners of New York, a position he filled with great credit to himself, proving a terror to lawbreakers.

In Spanish-American War.

In 1807 he was made assistant secretary of the navy by President McKinley, but on the breaking out of the Spanish American war in 1898 he resigned and organized the First United States volunteer regiment of cavalry, popularly known as the Rough Riders, of which he was lieutenant colonel. He won distinction at the battle of San Juan Hill and was promoted to the rank of colonel for conspicuous bravery in action.

Elected President.

In 1808, after the close of the war, he was nominated and elected governor of New York. At the republican national convention In 1900 he was nominated for vice president on the ticket with William McKinley and at the death of McKinley in 1901, he succeeded to the presidency. He was nominated for president by the republicans in 1904 and was elected by the largest majority ever accorded a presidential candidate.

Influential Citizen.

At he conclusion of his term as president he retired as the most popular man since Lincoln, because of the fine record he had made.

In 1912 he was again a candidate for president but was defeated in the national convention. Soon afterward he organized the progressive party and was Its candidate for president in 1912. He was defeated by President Wilson. Since then he has taken active part in political discussions and at his death was probably the most influential private citizen In the United States.

Saturday, January 5, 2019

The Great Airship That is Startling the People of Many Cities -- January 5, 2019

San Francisco Call, 23-November-1896
There were many sightings of unidentified flying objects in the United States during the 1890s.  I wonder what people saw.  

A WINGED SHIP IN THE SKY.
It Cleaves the Air With Pinions Like a Huge Condor.


ALL SACRAMENTO SEES THE NEW WONDER.


The Inventor's Lawyer Describes the Machine and Says It Is Genuine.


IT WAS SEEN SOARING NEAR SAN JOSE AT MIDNIGHT.


The Call's Exclusive Account of the Greatest Invention of the Age Is Now Corroborated by Thousands.

For several days there have been persistent reports that a huge airship has been seen in the vicinity of Oakland. Sacramento and San Francisco. The Call has contained daily and exclusive accounts of the appearance, and now there is an avalanche of testimony to the effect that many persons of truthful reputations have seen something like a huge seraph in the air, spreading its electric pinions .and soaring faster than a giant condor of tbe Andes. So numerous have been the reports that the possibility of aerial navigation is now tbe absorbing theme of the day.

There is now a vast amount of corroboative testimony to the effect that there is a practical airship afloat in the azure spaces hereabouts, and the meaning of this testimony has been made clear by the positive statement of Attorney George D Collins of Alameda that he has a wealthy client wbo is tbe inventor of the great aerial ship, and that it will soon be known to the entire world.

The ship was seen in Sacramento last night, and the evidence is increasing that the same great propeller recently passed through the heavens over Oakland and San Francisco.
\
The positive testimony of Collins that the airship is a reality has now been signally corroborated by the testimony of thousands of citizens of Sacramento who saw the great ship in the air last night. The following accounts from Oakland and Sacramento make the matter as clear as ordinary human testimony could do.

One of the most interesting of the corroborative stories comes from Thomas Jordan of San Rafael, who states that he found a machine-shop in a mountain fastness some months ago: that six men were working on an airship and that it would soon be completed.

In tbe first day's story of the airship, as printed in The Call, it was stated that an old hunter named Brown of Bolinas Ridge had seen an airship floating a few hundred feet above the pine trees one morning just as the fogs were lifting from tbe ridge.

COLLINS' EVIDENCE IN. 
He Knows the Inventor of the Ship. 

OAKLAND, Cal., Nov. 22.— Attorney Collins was the busiest man in Alameda County to-day. During the first part of the day all his efforts were directed to keeping away from the carious throng that wished to talk to him aud interview him and try to induce him to describe and draw pictures of the Oroville millionaire's airship. Not until late in the evening could he be induced to go into the parlor of hie home on Union street, Alameda, and tell what he knew of the invention that has startled not only this State, but the entire country.

"A few weeks ago," said Mr. Collins, "I came from Washington, whither I had been on important business. On my arrival in this State I met a gentleman who introduced himself to me, and when I told him where 1 had been he immediately said he was very sorry that he had not met me prior to my departure, as he bad some important business to transact at the Patent Office in Washington which he would not trust in the mail or by any other means than a trusted servant.

"I asked him what his business consisted of, but beyond telling me that he was an inventor, I got no further details from him at that time. He told me enough in an indirect manner to convince me that he was a man who had a secret that he evidently cherished dearly, but be enlightened me no further, and beyond exchanging cards, our acquaintanceship developed nothing more till later. A few days afterward he called on me at my office in San Francisco, but as he did not talk about business, I concluded that he had merely paid me a social call. I became greatly interested in that invention. The could not help noticing that there was a desire on his part to tell me more than I knew, and I could also see that he restrained himself from doing so. He called on me a second time, chatted about a few immaterial matters and departed, leaving me in wonder as to when he would confide anything further to me. Altogether, he made about half a dozen of these visits, and I concluded that he really did intend to talk business every time he came, but that his courage failed him aa soon as he got in the office.

"Finally he got up courage enough to tell me he was not only an inventor but that he really had an invention. He asked me if he could place confidence in me. I replied, 'Do you mean as a friend or as an attorney?' He said, 'As both.' I told him that I could not recall any oc casion in which I had violated a friend's or a client's confidence and that I thought I was fully capable of attending to any business he might wish me to transact for him. He said that if his secret were made public prematurely it would mean the loss to him of an immense fortune. He further assured me thai it wa« an invention that anybody would willingly steal if they had the opportunity. I talked to him for a little while and succeeded in assuring him that if such were the case I, as an attorney, would be just as anxious to protect his interests as he would be himself.

"I am telling you the details of my first meeting with this inventor because they carry with them a good idea of the nature of the man and also are evidence of his sincerity and belief in the practicability of his invention.

"He is a resident of Oroville and a man of wealth, about 47 years of age, and a fine looking fellow. He does not talk for five minutes without convincing his hearer that he is a man of more than ordinary intelligence. The first time he talked to me of his invention he got as far as the word airship; then I laughed, and laughed heartily.

"What kind of whisky have you been drinking?" I asked him.

This made him indignant, and had I laughed any longer be certainly would have got very angry and I should have most probably have lost a client.

"'I have not been drinking, sir,' he said, 'and when 1 do it is not whisky.'

"Even that answer did not assure me, and I again said, 'Have any members of your family ever been in the lunatic asylum?'

"He did not appreciate this any more than my other remark, and drawing him self to his full height and stamping one foot on the floor, he replied, 'No, sir, I am a man of business. I have come here on a business errand, and had I not met you previously and been convinced that I could trust you I think our acquaintance would end right here. However, I can excuse your surprise, for everybody believes that an inventor must naturally be crazy until he has proved that his invention is practicable. Then, I suppose, people call him a genius. I have got over the crazy stage, but I do not yet claim to be a genius; but 1 certainly am practical.

"He then proceeded to tell me of his invention. He has been working for several years and in order to avoid suspicion on the part of local people he has had all the machinery and material shipped from the East in such manner as not to excite curiosity.

"Of course I am informed regarding nearly all the details, but I am not at liberty to talk about them. As near as I can recollect the propelling power is produced by compressed air, which works the arms and also produces the light. There is in the airship a little motor of sufficient power to produce the brilliant light that everybody has seen. As soon as he told me this 1 hinted that it would be a good thing to make the matter public, but he refused, saying that publicity at that time wouid call attention to his work, would interfere with the progress of his caveat, and might prove the ruin of his enterprise. Now he is not so particular. He has informed me that it is sufficiently advanced for nim to patent, and that he can take out successive patents for any other contrivance he may invent in order to make his machine perfect.

''The next time we met was quite recently and after the machine had been seen in various parts of the State. He told I me that the fellows were right who talked to the Call reporter at Sacramento and were telling the truth. On the night that it was seen there he left Oroville in tbe afternoon, made a straight trip to Sacramento, which is about sixty miles, took a few turns over the Capitol, went off about fifty miles and descended. On that occasion he made sixty miles in forty-five minutes, but I understand that there is practically no limit to the speed which can be attained, provided the necessary machinery is made. I mean by this that the principle of the airship would almost admit of lightning speed but that conditions that have to be met of course limits power of resistance.

"I believe, however that in a very short time it will be able to make three miles in in two minutes, and the inventor tells me that more is possible.

"The machine did pass over Oakland last Friday night. The inventor came from Oroville and descended near Haywards. I do not know where the machine is now, but I think all day yesterday it remained where it descended. The inventor is making trips every night and has been doing so for over two weeks, and any night the people look in the sky they are likely to see him. A week ago he told me that it was nearly perfect, with the exception of a little wavy motion, which produced the sensation very closely allied to seasickness. This he was confident of preventing, and apparently from what is reported he has made the necessary adjustment to insure smooth flying.

"From every quarter I have received reports during the past few days of this machine, and although there are many who may still be skeptical regarding what is claimed for it, I thoroughly believe that it is now perfect."

R. B. Mitchell of the firm of Pierson and Mitchell, San Francisco, called on Mr. Collins this evening to discuss the merits of the new invention. Mr. Mitchell had the idea when he called that Mr. Collins had the inventor hidden in his house for the purpose of keeping him from the public. Mr. Collins, however, denied this and said that he could not really give any information of the inventor's whereabouts.

"I have no doubt," said Mr. Collins, "that if the night is at all pleasant the inventor is in his machine about half a mile over the earth startling some of the inhabitants of this State. To-morrow morning's papers may possibly inform you where he was at this time. I believe he has gone home, and if he has he certainly flew there."

Then Mr. Mitchell became very definite. He said: "Mr. Collins, I have known you for a long time to be a reputable man, and one who has a character to sustain. Now, on your honor as a professional man, do you profess to believe all that you have said and to put confidence in the scheme of this inventor?"

"From what I have seen of the man and his invention," said Mr. Collins, "I have no alternative but to believe implicitly all I have said."

General W. H. H. Hart met Mr. Collins in San Francisco to-day and talked with him about the discovery. "I have no doubt," said the general, "that this affair is bona fide. I have seen the thing in the air myself, and believe the ideas of this Oroville inventor have proved to be practicable."

Mr. Tyler, assistant librarian of the San Francisco Law Library, was in company with his sister and Mrs. Philbrook on Friday evening and distinctly saw the airship a little later than it was seen in Oakland. This evidence fully bears out the statement of the passengers and motor-man of the Piedmont car, who asserted that after it bad passed over St. Mary's College it was headed for San Francisco. It was reported to-night that a newspaper which has up to this time apparently been unaware that an airship has been flying around the State was intending to credit the discovery to a young dentist at Oroville. Mr. Collins was asked about this and said that it was absolutely without foundation, that the inventor is not a dentist and is nearly 50 years of age.

Nautical men who have paid particular attention to the various descriptions of eye-witnesses of this airship declare that the inventor has carefully followed out the principle of flying exemplified by the albatross. The machine itself closely resembles a bird, and when all the facts connected with its construction are made known it will doubtless be learned that the Oroville man took a seabird for his model and drew from it his inspiration.

SACRAMENTANS STARTLED
Thousands View the Great Airship With Wonder.

SACRAMENTO, Cal., Nov. 22— The entire city is in a fever of excitement, and all that can be heard on every side is airship, airship, airship. The mysterious aerial traveler paid this city another visit this evening, and this time it passed directly over the downtown portion of the city and exhibited to wondering thousands of the citizens its magnificent searchlight.

There could be no possible mistake, tor there in plain view of all, moving slowly along with a slight wavering motion, was a large electric light, fully twice the candle-power of an ordinary arc light. The light was at an enormous height and still plainly visible, as the heavens were entirely obscured by a mass of dark clouds, which every moment threatened to burst into a drenching rain, and in consequence the mysterious light was thrown into intense relief against their dark background. The light first made its appearance over the lower portion of the city, and was moving slowly into the wind in a southwesterly direction. One of the first to see it was Isaac Gough on Second and K streets. As soon as he became fully satisfied that it was the much-talked-of aerial visitant he gave notice to all in the surrounding stores and hotels, and within a few minutes the streets were black with masses of excited people, all gazing heavenward.

As the news spread the housetops became black with people, and frantic men rushed wildly into telephonic communication with their homes in order to inform their wives and families that high up in the heavens human beings were gayly sailing through the air toward San Francisco. The streetcars were an important factor also in spreading the information aa the motormen shouted the news to the bystanders as their cars rapidly threaded their way through the crowded thoroughfares, and it needed but a wave of the hand skyward to draw the attention of all to the heavens.

Jacob Zemansky, the well-known downtown cigar man, obtained a powerful telescope and watched the light until it faded into nothingness in the distance. In speaking of it he said: "It simply passes my understanding. If that was not an electric arc light of intense power then I never saw one. Looking at it with the naked eye it seemed to move in a straight line, but seen through the glass it rose and fell like a boat on a gently swelling tide. I could not distinguish any positive shape, only a dark mass of mistlike substance to which the light seemed to be attached."

Mr. Carraghbar of the Saddlerock Restaurant also gives a similar description of the light and its movement, and states that in his opinion it was attached to an air vessel of some description, and after being in plain sight for over twenty minutes it faded away in the distance.

Of the thousands who viewed the mysterious visitant this evening, the vast majority had been among the ranks of the most pronounced skeptics ever since the first publication of the subject in Tuesday's Call, for the reason that they are living in the lower part of the city and had failed to catch a glimpse of the light on its previous appearance, and in consequence its reappearance descended upon them like a clap of thunder out of a clear sky. For over a week they had laughed and jeered and treated the subject with scorn and derision, but here before their very eyes was the self-same vision which had greeted their friends and neighbors in the eastern portion of the city, and they were forced by the evidence of their own eyes to abandon their unbelief.

As soon as it became fully evident to all that the light was no meteor or star, a thousand stories were related of what people had heard and seen on its previous visitation.

Mr. Johnson, foreman of the Haggin ranch, in company with another gentleman, was driving across the bare plains adjacent to the city last Tuesday night when they plainly heard a merry chorus of human voices. The thing was uncanny and unreal. They were entirely alone; on all sides stretched bare fields without a bush or fence, no human being was visible, nor was there a possibility of secretion, and yet the merry chorus rang out distinct, but faint. They stopped their team and listened and looked, saw the clear bright light high over their beads, bat did not dream that but a short distance above them human beings were floating along on the night wind and fearing the ridicule of their acquaintances, held their peace.

Another story which has come to light is that an employe of the paint shop of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company has received a letter from one of the inmates of the aerial ship, who was an old acquaintance. This letter, postmarked Oakland, stated that the writer had made one of the crew of an airship which made a most successful voyage last Tuesday night, and bad arrived in the vicinity of Oakland about 12 o'clock. He stated that the ship had worked beautifully with the exception that the motion was very disagreeable.

He also stated that after making alterations and receiving patent rights the vessel would be placed on exhibition, and that this would occur before the first of the coming month. It is claimed that the painter's shopmates laughed the letter to scorn, and that he wan so thoroughly convinced that his friend was not misleading him that he wagered $20 that what his friend bad written would come to pass. This story was related by several, but is not authenticated, as they would not betray the writer's name without his permission.

Colvin Brown, local representative of the Chronicle, was an eye witness of the mysterious light this evening. He has been a skeptic of the most pronounced type and was loth to believe the evidence of his own eyes. Center of a group of the corner of Seventh and K streets, he produced an almanac to endeavor to prove that the planet Venus had left her orbit and was coquetting with Sacramento. As his explanation was not received with favor he started off in search of Sergeant Barwick of weather fame to endeavor to prove the mysterious light to be a meteor on the warpath.

Of all the onlookers this evening the employes of the streetcar system are the most jubilant. They have been held up to derision for over a week ; their lives made miserable by jocular inquiries as to the nature of the stimulants they mostly imbibe and various inquiries as to when they intended to take a trip, etc.

"I am heartily delighted that the entire city has seen this mysterious light to-night," said one of the motormen. "Now this eternal joshing will cease. My life has been a misery for the past week, but now all can see for themselves that we were not stretching the long bow. It is particularly aggravating, when one plainly sets a phenomenal occurrence and relates it, that he is treated as a gigantic liar."

Assistant Superintendent Rosa of the streetcar system is also jubilant. "I was simply positive," said he, "that this light was of an electrical nature. I have made a close study of this mysterious agent for years. I saw this moving light for upward of thirty minutes Tuesday night and was positive that it was electrical. Also I noticed its swaying and rising and falling movement and was convinced in my own mind that it was attached to a vehicle of some nature. At first I thought it might be in a balloon, but knowing that machinery requisite to produce a light of that volume and intensity would weigh upward of a ton, I concluded that it might possibly be that some one had solved the problem of aerial navigation, and this belief was strengthened by observing that the light was moving south against the wind. I am now almost convinced that the great problem has been solved and that within a short time the air will be peopled with ships."

This seems to be the public belief in this city to-night among all who have witnessed the reappearance of this mysterious light and never has there been witnessed such an overwhelming and sudden change in public opinion as its reappearance has caused. In the corridors of the hotels groups of excited people clustered discussing all the possibilities of this wonderful discovery. In the saloons healths are being drunk to the successful discoverer, and on all sides universal belief has taken the place of skepticism. Since the reappearance of this mysterious light this evening there has been a general search made for copies of Wednesday's Call which gave an exclusive account of the first appearance of the aerial visitant and a copy cannot be purchased for love or money. Those possessing them brought them out to read to their friends but refused to part with them.

OTHERS WHO SAW IT.
Stories That Corroborate the Fact of the Invention.

The following letter from San Rafael explains a phase of the story that has not yet come to light:

San Rafael, Nov. 22, 1896.

Editor Call: The mysterious light mentioned in your valuable paper this morning as seen by several citizens in different parts of the State, and which seems to mystify yourself as well as your readers, is nothing more than an airship, and of this fact I am perfectly cognizant. I think now that I am released of my obligation of secrecy, which I have kept for nearly three months, as the experiment in aerial navigation is a fixed fact and the public or a few of the public at least have seen its workings in the air.

In the latter part of last August I was hunting in the Tamalpais range of mountains, between the high peak and Bolinas Bay. I wounded a deer, and in chasing it I ran onto a circular brushpile about ten feet in height in a part of the mountain seldom visited even by hunters.

I was somewhat astonished, and my curiosity prompted me to approach it, when I encountered a man who sang out: "What are you doing here and what do you want?" I replied that "I had wounded a deer and was chasing It." He said "that they had been camping here for a month or so and had not seen a deer, but if you think your deer is in the neighborhood I will assist you in finding it as we need a little meat in camp." This man went with me and in less than 500 yards found my deer. We carried it into the brush corral. And what a sight -— a perfect machine shop and an almost completed ship. I was sworn to secrecy and have kept it till this moment. Six men were at work on the "aerial ship." It is this ship that a few people have seen at night on its trial trip. It returns to its home before daylight and will continue to do so until perfected. Yours, William Jordon.

E. A. Lamkin of 305 Larkin street says he saw the airship at an early hour last night making its way toward Sacramento and soon fading away in the distance like a falling meteor.

Walter Malloy, deputy sheriff and commissary at the County Jail, says the light of the airship was seen in San Francisco Tuesday evening. His statement is as follows:

"When I left the jail on Tuesday night I happened to look in the direction of Berkeley and I saw an unusual sight. It was a strong white light, seemingly moving. I thought at first it was a balloon with a lantern attached, but on a closer observation I thought I recognized a dark body immediately over the light, somewhat of a different shape from a balloon. The more I observed it the more puzzled I became as to what it was. Finally I dismissed it from my mind until next morning, when reading The Cali. I saw that others had noticed the strange light. Now I am fully convinced that what I saw was the airship seen by others who were nearer to it than I was. Yet from my position on Kearny and Broadway I had a good view of it and I am ready to indorse what others have said regarding its appearance."

Max Roberts, an employe of the Western Union Telegraph Company, engaged in the capacity of a night watchman, says he saw the airship about 11:50 o'clock Wednesday night.

AN EXPERT'S OPINION.
Lieutenant George N. Chase, U. S. A., Talks of the Wonderful Discovery.

Lieutenant George N. Chase, U. S. A., the inventor of an "aerodromic system of transportation," was seen yesterday on the subject at his residence in Oakland. Mr. Chase has spent many years in investigating the subject of aerial navigation, and is thoroughly conversant with the practical and theoretical difficulties in its way. He has written a pamphlet setting forth his ideas, and outlining a sort of compromise between aerial navigation and the present system of transportation, which many engineers have accepted as in the highest sense practical.

He said yesterday: "I have read some of the accounts of the alleged 'airship.' One in a morning paper yesterday was rather confusing. The attorney for the inventor in his statement says that it is 150 feet Jong, and that the inventor 'moved some of the mechanism,' and thereafter he saw it rise, the wings flapping to a height of about 90 feet, making a series of circles, and descent, etc He says also: 'There was no motive power, so far as I could see.' For a patent attorney who made the application for the patent and drew up the specifications this is a remarkable statement. He says that his client has 'forsaken the ideas of Maxim and Langley,' and yet states that 'it is built on the aeroplane system,' the only system ever advocated by either — a system which I showed in my monograph published in St. Louis in 1894 was the only possible one. As I said then:

Experiment has demonstrated the fact that it Is possible to construct a vehicle possessing the ability to arise in the air, carrying a considerable load, and capable of being propelled. The obstacles that have so far baffled mans' ingenuity are his ability to control the machine even under the most favorable circumstances and his failure to provide energy enough to propel it to any considerable distance. This latter difficulty cannot be overcome by any Known method of storing up potential energy in a structure which Is designed to sever all connection with terra firma and In which levity becomes of primal importance. • • • Flight is not a function of levity but o( weight and power. Man if he ever fly must closely imitate the flight of birds. The fledgling, after one or two abortive attempts, adjusts its motions successfully and naturally to the accomplishment of perfect flight. The rate of vibration of its wings and the inclination of their surfaces to the varying direction of the wind to the line of flight are instinctively changed with the rapidity of lightning. Given a machine which is capable of performing all the essential functions of a bird in flight it is extremely doubtful if the coolest human intellect could ever be trained to control it safely under all the conditions and circumstances which it must inevitably encounter.

While I said," continued Mr. Chase, "that the conditions seem too many, or, rather the unknown quantities are at present too few, for a satisfactory solution of this problem pure and simple, still it must be conceded that considerable progress has been made since that was written toward the scientific solution of this great problem by Professor Langley, Maxim in England, Chanute in Chicago and Herr Lilienthal. I must say, however, that if it has quietly been solved upon a commercial basis in one of our back counties it is very surprising, and the secret has been remarkably well kept.

"One thing is certain — he is a rash man who in these days asserts the impossibility of anything in engineering.*"

PASSED OVER SAN JOSE.
The Air Craft Said to Have Been Seen Sailing Toward Mount Hamilton.

SAN JOSE. Cal., Nov. 22. — Frank Everett, a young man residing in this city, claims to have seen the mysterious airship seen by the residents of Sacramento and elsewhere pass over the eastern portion of this city about 11 o'clock to-night.

Everett said he was standing on Santa Clara street, near East San Jose, when he distinctly saw the airship high up in the heavens. He claims that several persons who were in that vicinity also saw the ship, and that others whose attention was called to it saw the flashlight of the craft rapidly disappear. The ship was said to be going in a southeasterly direction, toward Mount Hamilton.

H. Erlich drove up while the crowd was standing gazing skyward and saw the light disappearing. To him some of the people said they distinctly saw the ship. Neither he nor Everett knew the names of any persons in the crowd, most of whom were in carriages.

Experimenters Near Oroville.

OROVILLE, Cal., Nov. 22.— There seems to be some foundation that the airship which recently passed over Sacramento was built in this neighborhood, but no information can be obtained as to who the builder could be. Rumor has it that two parties were recently experimenting with new and light gas which they expected would outdo anything yet introduced for balloon purposes. It is also asserted by others that three or four comparatively unknown parties of wealth have been for several weeks experimenting with various gases and feel confident of solving aerial navigation.

San Francisco Call, 23-November-1896

Thursday, January 3, 2019

Lost Dog -- January 3, 2019


I took the photo on 03-December-2018. I wonder if they found the dog.

Tuesday, January 1, 2019

January, 2019 Version of the Cable Car Home Page -- January 1, 2019


I just put the January, 2019 version of my Cable Car Home Page on the server:
http://www.cable-car-guy.com/ 

It includes some new items:
1. Picture of the Month: A detail from a real estate ad offering lots along the the Second Street Cable Railway, the first cable traction line in Los Angeles. (Source: Los Angeles Herald, 22-December-1885).
2. On the Other California Cities page: A ten and twenty year update on the Temple Street Cable Railway, the most successful cable traction line in Los Angeles
3. On the Decorated Cable Cars page: Cable cars decorated for Christmas, 2018.
4. On the San Francisco page: More photos of the Transbay Transit Center Aerial Tram, which can't start service until they finish repairs on the cracked support beams
5. Added News item about New Year's Eve cable car service

Ten years ago this month (January, 2009):
1. Picture of the Month: A train of the Second Street Cable Railway in Los Angeles passes through the line's deep cut in Bunker Hill
2. On the Other California Cities page: Newspaper articles about the Second Street Cable Railway in Los Angeles:
- Second Street Cable Railway Seeks Subscriptions/1 (Los Angeles Times, Tuesday, February 3, 1885)
- Second Street Cable Railway Seeks Subscriptions/2 (Los Angeles Times, Saturday, February 7, 1885)
- Second Street Cable Railway Tested (Los Angeles Times, Friday, October 9, 1885)
- Second Street Cable Railway -- Unpaid Cable Bill (Los Angeles Times, Saturday, October 26, 1889)
- Second Street Cable Railway -- Conduit Blocked (Los Angeles Times, Thursday, December 5, 1889)
3. On the Decorated Cable Cars page: Cable cars decorated for Christmas, 2008.
4. Added News item about the annual senior luncheon. Also News and Bibliography items about an SUV running into a Powell Street car 

Twenty years ago this month (January, 1999):
1. Picture of the Month: Los Angeles Second Street Cable Railway cable train
2. Roll out Other California Cities page with the Los Angeles Second Street Cable Railway
3. Add link about the Katoomba Scenic Railway to the Australia page. 

125 years ago this month, on 27-January-1894, San Francisco's California Midwinter International Exposition of 1894 opened in Golden Gate Park

100 years ago this month, on 09-January-1919, the Los Angeles and Mount Washington Railway, a funicular, was abandoned.

Coming in February, 2019:
 On the Other California Cities page: A ten and twenty year update on the Temple Street Cable Railway, the most successful cable traction line in Los Angeles

On my San Francisco Bay Ferryboats page: I added an item about the gates being rearranged at the Ferry Building:
http://www.cable-car-guy.com/ferry/

The Cable Car Home Page now has a Facebook page:
https://www.facebook.com/CableCarHomePage/

Joe Thompson
The Cable Car Home Page (updated 01-January-2019)
http://www.cable-car-guy.com/
San Francisco Bay Ferryboats (updated 31-December-2018)
http://www.cable-car-guy.com/ferry/
Park Trains and Tourist Trains (updated 30-September-2018)
http://www.cable-car-guy.com/ptrain/
The Pneumatic Rolling-Sphere Carrier Delusion (updated spasmodically)
http://cablecarguy.blogspot.com
The Big V Riot Squad (new blog)
http://bigvriotsquad.blogspot.com/

JD Salinger 100 -- January 1, 2018

www.listal.com
Author JD Salinger was born 100 years ago today, on 01-January-1919. He was an infantryman who landed on Utah Beach on D-Day and fought in the Battle of the Bulge. The war shaped him.

Salinger died in 2010. We read Nine Stories and Catcher in the Rye in high school. One summer I went out and read everything else that had been collected into books. It wasn't much. Perhaps more will get published one day.


Extry! All About the Great New Year of Prosperity -- January 1, 2019

Bisbee Daily Review, 01-January-1919
I wish everyone a happy and prosperous new year.

Baby New Year sells the first edition of the Peace Extra for 1919.